Week 5 Notes
Week 5 Notes Pol_Sc 1100
Popular in American Government
Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nia on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Pol_Sc 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by William Horner in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Poli Sci Week 5 Notes 921 Political Participation Any activity that involves you in the political processgoverning of the country 0 How we get involved in the political process 0 Popular Sovereignty A legitimate government is one where the people contribute and participate Ex Voting Running for office lobbying Protesting EmailingWriting to the senate representative Donating Petition Working on a campaign Boycotting Discussing politics with friends and family Assassinations 0 Small group of people who participate 0 Factors that in uence participation 0 Age Older people are more likely to vote I More experience I More familiar with processes 0 Education Higher levels are more likely to participate I Know more about issues 0 Income Higher income more likely to participate 0 Efficacy Belief that your opinion makes a difference I Big issue in our age range 0 Marital Status Married people are more likely to vote I Pressure each other into doing it I Long term cohabitation has the same effect More likely to vote than those who aren t in those situations Know age on next quiz this week 0 Sep 1968 47 years 923 Current Events 0 Pope East Coast and Chinese President Traveling across the country 0 September 30th Budget 0 Thinking about defunding Planned Parenthood Gets 40 of its funding through the government I Number of people who oppose planned parenthood 0 Senate proposes solution to the budget 0 Making 13 bills for budget cuts 0 Voting on continuing resolution on Sep 30 l Extends government spending at the current budget year s level I If no bill is passed government shut down happens I Parks monuments etc shut down 0 Need 60 votes in the Senate to override a veto 0 Scott Walker dropped out of the election republican candidate Political Participation 0 Factors that in uence participation 0 Property Ownership Renters are less likely to vote than those who own property 0 Group Membership Those who belong to clubs churches civic organizationsetc are more likely to vote I More aware of the issues I More involved 0 Political Efficacy More likely to vote if you believe that your vote will have an impactmake a difference 0 US voter turnout compared to other democracies 0 Tends to be lower in the US compared to other representative democracies 0 Generally 75 or higher voter turn out in other countries 0 Voter turnout was less than half multiple times in the 19th century 0 Income and Education are the two biggest factors when determining voter turnout Political Parties 0 Best way to organize voters 0 US Political Parties I We have weak political systems Only 2 parties that are actually competitive I Not very effective I Have to appeal to lots of different voters l Winner takes all representation l Weren t built into the system or positively considered I Not a system that is friendly for parties I No incentive for small parties 0 Parliamentary Democracies Very party friendly I Have lots of political parties I Proportional Representation The number of seats a party gets in parliament is based off of percentage of votes they get I Entirely based on parties I Small parties have an incentive get to control a portion of the government 0 Woodrow Wilson the only past president to be a political science professor before becoming a part of government Public Opinion A collective of individual opinions 0 Polls 0 Public opinion in normative perspective 0 What role should public opinion play in a representative democracy I How much do we want public officials caring about public opinion I Conducting and caring surveys l Trustee vs Delegates l Trustee Someone we trust to use their better judgment to make decisions for us I Don t pay as much attention to public opinion I Delegate Someone who always comes to us to ask what we want them to do I Pays a lot of attention to public opinion polls I As we democratize we lean more towards the delegate side I Politico Balance of both trustees and delegates depending on how their voters feel about things 0 We want someone who can be both a trustee and delegate 0 Public opinion should matter some of the time but not all of the time 925 Current Events 0 Pope spoke to Congress then went to New York 0 UN Summit about Seria 0 Putton and Obama 0 John Boehner Speaker of the House resigned Extra Credit 0 Pink out day picture 0 Memorial Union Wed Oct 7 10am Public Opinion Polling 0 Skepticism about polling Polls Instrument used to collect individual opinionsmeasure public opinion 0 Not perfect Only relatively accurate I Margin of Error I All surveys have margin of error I Anything over 3 isn t good I Confidence Level 120 times the poll is taken the result will be the same 0 Polls can in uence public opinion 0 Should be done with cautionskeptism 0 Use a small number of people to represent of the rest of the population Sample 0 Similar to a blood test 0 Statistical Dead Heat Can t conclude anything from those polls 0 Literary Digest Poll Reading I 1936 Presidential election FDR vs Alf Landon l Correctly predicted the winner every time I Predicted that FDR was going to lose the election I Drew sample from subscribers phone books and automobile list I Sample is only made up of people with money I Not those who support FDR Four Problems 0 Intent I Should be cautious about who it is conducting the poll l Candidates running polls political parties interest groups A legitimate poll is one that tries to get a general idea about how the public feels about something They often try to sway peoples opinions to get the result that they want Can be conducted with one sided informationquestions Has an in uence on how people answer the questions Is it unbiased or not 0 Selection Population VotersT hose eligible to vote Use a few thousand people to represent millions Lots of variability in the numberspercentages Best poll is random and representative l Random Sampling Everyone has a chance of being selected for the sample I Best way to pick a sample I Sample should be representative of the population Should look like the population demographically l Same percentage of men and women same age breakdown same democratsindependentsrepublicans etc Bias l Volunteer Bias l Phone calls people can choose to answerhang up the phone 0 Question Wording How you word questions can have a big impact on the results you get I Impossible to write a question everyone will interpret the same way 0 Respondent People lie People give an answer when they don t actually have an opinion non attitude
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