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Gen. Psychology Notes (Week Five)

by: Jovani Jones

Gen. Psychology Notes (Week Five) PSYCH 1000 - 02

Jovani Jones
GPA 3.2
General Psychology
Dennis Miller

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About this Document

General Psychology
Dennis Miller
Class Notes
Psychology, General Psychology
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jovani Jones on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1000 - 02 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Dennis Miller in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 09/27/15
Friday September 25 2015 Learning 61 How Do We Learn 0 Learning A relatively enduring change in behavior 0 Change results from experience NOT growthmaturation I Learning to develop a way to get a jar of cookies in a kitchen 0 Acquisition and encoding of information I Before a person will not know anything but after the action is done the information will be encoded 0 Memory The nervous system s ability to acquire and retain skills and knowledge 0 Retention and retrieval of information 0 Chapter 7 0 Learning Curve I At the beginning the behavior is not easily done I As time goes on better performance is seen I Eventually the learning curve plateaus making it harder to get better at a behavior without investing serious time into it 0 Riding a bicycle and getting more proficient the more practice is done 0 Forgetting Curve I If a behavior were to be stopped for a period of time how much would we retain that information I Performance gets worse the more time passes I Some tasks will have steep or shallow forgetting curves 0 High school graduating class will decay from memory over time o What types of learning 0 Stimulus Learning I Orienting response to a stimulus 0 Sense and perceive o Orienting response via banging on drums I Neophobia Aversion to a new stimulus o Mere exposure effect Preference for the familiar o Wanting to play a certain station of the radio I Repeated stimulus presentation 0 Habituation Decreased response 0 Setting an alarm song and over time paying no mind to it o Sensitization Increased response 0 Feeling a headache after a stressful moment 0 Classical Pavlovian conditioning I Learning the relationship between to different stimuli I Pavlov s Dogs 0 Dog is presented with food and a tube is attached to measure how much the dog salivates 0 Presented with food the dog will salivate Food US Salivation UR o Pavlov now presents a metronome for the dog to sense and perceive There was no salivation Metronome NS 0 Paired NS with US to condition the dog 0 The US is taken away in favor of the metronome US to make dog salivate CR 0 Operant Instrumental Learning I Relationship between a response and an outcome 0 Observational Learning I Learning through observing others 62 How Do We Learn Predictive Associations iClicker Questions 1 Jazeel has 150 stations available on his car radio however when he drives he always selects the same channel What type of learning s represented by this behavior a Neophobia b The mere exposure effect c Habituation d Sensitization 2 Jazeel experiences moderate back pain from a compressed vertebra however when he is stressed at work his back pain is very intense What type of learning is represented by this behavior Neophobia b The mere exposure effect c Habituation d Sensitization OJ 3 In quotPavlov s dogs what his the salivation following the metronome a US b UR c CS d CR 4 Emily is driving to work during a heavy snowstorm when the brake lights on the car ahead of her come on She hits her brakes but is unable to avoid hitting the car She is badly shaken up in the accident The next time she is driving in the snow she notices that she tenses up every time she sees brake lights come on ahead of her The brake lights are the a US b UR c CS d CR 5 In quotPavlov s Dogs how would Pavlov extinguish ie produce extinction of the CR a Repeatedly present the CS with the US b Repeatedly present the CS without the US c Repeatedly present the US without the UR d Repeatedly present the US with the UR


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