Chapter 4 Notes
Chapter 4 Notes PSYCH 202
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adnaan Beg on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 202 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Jeffery B Henriques in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
I Conscious and Unconscious The Mind39s Eye Open and Closed 1 The Mysteries 0 Phenomenology how things seem to the conscious person 0 Problem of other minds the fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others 0 Mindbody problem the issue of how the mind is related to the brain and body 0 People judge minds according to the capacity for experience and the capacity for agency I Experience ability to feel pain pleasure hunger consciousness fear I Agency ability for selfcontrolling planning memory or thought 2 The Nature 0 Four properties of consciousness Intentionality the quality of being direct toward an object I Unity resistance to division Selectivity the capacity to include some objects but not others I Transience tendency to change 0 cocktail party phenomenon people tune in one message even while they filter out others nearby 0 Levels of consciousness I Minimal consciousness occurs when the mind inputs sensations and may output behavior I Full consciousness level of awareness in which you know and are able to report your mental state I Self consciousness the person39s attention is drawn to the self as an object 0 Mental control the attempt to change conscious state of mind 0 Thought suppression the conscious avoidance of a thought 0 Rebound effect of thought suppression the tendency of a thought to return to consciousness with greater frequency following suppression O Ironic processes of mental control ironic errors occurs because the mental process that monitors errors can itself produce them 2 The Unconscious Mind 0 Dynamic unconscious an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories the person39s deepest instincts and desires and the person39s inner struggle to control these forces 0 Repression a mental process that removes unacceptable thought and memories from consciousness and keeps them in the unconscious 0 Cognitive unconscious all the mental processes that are not experienced by a person but that give rise to the person39s thoughts choices emotions and behavior 0 Subliminal perception thought or behavior is in uenced by stimuli that a person cannot consciously report perceiving 11 Sleep and Dreaming 0 Altered state of consciousness a form of experience that departs significantly from the normal subjective experience of the world and the mind 1 Sleep 0 Circadian rhythm a naturally occurring 24hour cycle of sleeping and waking 0 insomnia difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep 0 sleep apnea a disorder in which the person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep O Somnambulism a person arises and walk around while asleep 0 Nacrolepsy a disorder in which sudden sleep attacks occur in the middle of waking activities 0 Sleep paralysis the experience of waking up unable to move 0 Night terrors abrupt awakening with panic and intense emotional arousal 2 Dreams 0 Five major characteristics of dream consciousness 1 We intensely feel emotion 2 Dream thought is illogical 3 Sensation is fully formed and meaningful 4 Uncritical acceptance 5 Difficulty remembering the dream after its over 0 Activation synthesis model dreams are produced when the mind attempts to make sense of random neural activity that occurs in the brain during sleep III Drugs and Consciousness 1 Drug Use and Abuse 0 Psychoactive drugs chemicals that in uence consciousness or behavior by altering the brain39s chemical message system 0 drug tolerance the tendency for larger drug dose to be required over time to achieve the same effect 2 Types ofPsychoactive Drugs 0 Depressants substances that reduce the activity of the central nervous system 0 Stimulants substances that excite the CNS heightening arousal and activity levels O Narcotics drugs derived from opium that are capable of relieving pain 0 Hallucinogens drugs that alter sensation and perception often causing hallucinations O Marijuana derived from the leaves and buds of the hemp plant 0 Expectancy drugs effects are produced by people39s expectations of how alcohol Will in uence them in particular situations 0 Alcohol myopia alcohol hampers attention leading people to respond in simple ways to complex situations IV Hypnosis 1 Induction and Susceptibility O Hypnosis an altered state of consciousness characterized by suggestibility and the feeling that one39s actions are occurring involuntarily O The essence of hypnosis is in leading people to expect that certain things will happen to them that are outside of their conscious Will 2 Hypnotic E ects O Hypnotic analgesia the reduction of pain through hypnosis in people Who are hypnotically susceptible V Meditation and Religious Experiences 1 Meditation O the practice of intentional contemplation
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