Family Rel FSHS 350
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FSHS Final Exam Overview 582013 123900 AM Chapter 9 How are sex and sexuality different Sex refers to acts associated with sexual intercourse Sexuality is the erotic arousal and genital responses resulting from the sexual scripts of society What are the four types of sexual orientation Heterosexual sexual and emotional relationships between people of opposite sexes Homosexual sexual and emotional relationships with persons of the same sex Bisexual sexual andor romantic attraction toward members of both sexes Asexual individuals who experience no sexual attraction to others What are sexual scripts What are the primary function of sexual scripts Sexual scripts are shared genderspecific social and cultural expectations They guide our beliefs attitudes and values about sex such as our beliefs about appropriate sexual partners sexual behaviors and sexual conduct What are the phases of sexual response Excitement phase within the very first few seconds of this phase a man s penis becomes erect Women experience vaginal lubrication which is a sweating on the vaginal walls Plateau phase both men and women experience an increase in heart rate blood pressure and rate of breathing Involuntary muscle tension occurs this is what gives us the toe curling feelings of muscle intensity during sex Orgasm phase the sudden release of muscle tension and blood engorgement that has occurred in the penis and labia The intensity of orgasms varies from one sex act to another and is influenced by how recent and how often intercourse or masturbation has taken place Resolution the heart rate blood pressure and respiration return to preexcitement levels Men have a refractory period where they are incapable of achieving an erection Women do not have a refractory penod Chapters 10 amp 11 Women in what age group account for the largest percentage of births o In 2008 women from ages 2529 accounted for the largest number of births 1098 for ever 1000 women What are the eight essential parenting responsibilities o Providing a safe environment o Providing basic needs o Providing selfesteem o Teaching children morals and values o Developing mutual respect o Providing effective and ageappropriate discipline o Being involved in the child s education o Knowing the child by communicating with him or her What are the four parenting styles o Uninvolved parenting 0 Typically low in responsiveness warmth and affection and they are low in parental control or demands Parents may both reject and neglect their children o Permissive parenting 0 High levels of warmth affection and responsiveness toward their children with high levels of parentchild communication 0 No high demands on children nor do parents attempt to control their children s behavior children s behavior is mostly selfregulated Lenient and nontraditional o Authoritarian parenting 0 Obedience and statusoriented and expect their orders to be obeyed without explanation o Demanding and controlling with their children but at the same time not very responsive warm or affectionate toward their children o Authoritative parenting 0 Set clear boundaries for their children s behavior but they are flexible and will change these boundaries if the situation warrants 0 Parents are responsive while demanding certain behavior standards 0 Does not use shame withdrawal of love or guilt to control behavior What is the second shif o Duel responsibilities of wage earner and housekeeper Chapter 12 Who is Lilly Ledbetter Why is her story relevant to family life o A former employee of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company o Sued the company to receive back pay and damages after she discovered that for years she was paid at significantly lower rates in comparison to her male counterparts o Obama signed the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act in 2009 What is meant by dual earners What percentage of the US population are dual earners o Marriages or relationships in which both partners work o More than half of married couples in the United States today are dualearners What is meant by spillover Are there negative or positive implications o Occurs when a spouse brings the emotional events and tensions of one environment to the other familytowork o Can be both good and bad Time based conflict o Takes place when demands from the work domain and the family domain vie for a parent s time and attention This is the most common type of role conflict found in working families 0 A meeting that runs late at work might make mom late for coaching her son s soccer game A lastminute business call might make dad late for a parentteacher conference Strainbased conflict o Occurs when the demands in one domain make it difficult to carry out effective role performance in another domain 0 A mother who finds it difficult to concentrate on her job or complete her job tasks on time because she is also caring for her elderly ill father Behaviorbased conflict o Occurs when incompatibilities exist between the demands of the work role and the demands of the family role 0 On the job police officers may need to be aggressive forceful emotionally detached and uncompromising 0 Although these behavior traits may help these professionals be successful in their careers bringing them home to family life may not settle well with the spouse and the children How do role conflict and overload differ o Role conflict when we take on or have assigned to us many roles simultaneously 0 For example when the family role demands are incompatible with conflict with the stresses from the work role o Role overload someone assumes the roles of both parents when a divorce occurs During Nigel Marsh s TEDtalk he lays out 4 observations regarding the critical nature of worklife balance What are they o If society is to make any progress we need an honest debate o Face the truth government and institutions aren t going to solve this problem for us c We have to be careful with the timeframe that we choose upon which to judge our balance c We need to approach balance in a balanced way Chapter 13 What is the crude divorce rate o The number of divorces that occur per 1000 population Allows us to compare trends over time and takes into account the size of the population we are studying o Currently the divorce rate is 36 Why is it difficult to have a precise representation of divorce in America o The world may never know Is divorce more prevalent among younger or older couples o Younger couples because of maturity issues What are the correlates of divorce o Certain social and socioeconomic characteristics that affect the longevity of a marriage and the probability that a marriage will end in divorce that include Age at marriage Premarital pregnancy Parental separation Premarital cohabitation Religiosity o Socioeconomic background 0 O O O 0 What are the phases in Steven Duck s model of relationship deterioration Dyadic breakdown couples cannot identify precisely what is wrong with the relationship yet they begin to sense that something is not right Intrapsychic phase individual cognition the point at which couples begin to focus on those aspects of the relationship with which they are dissatisfied or disappointed they blame or criticize each other because they re annoyed Dyadic phase couples discus their dissatisfaction with their marriage and attempt to find either a resolution or decide to end the relationship Social phase they then decide either individually orjointly how they will disclose the news of their breakup to family and friends Grave dressing the couple must come to terms with the breakup of the marriage Chapter 14 What is a binuclear family The separate distinct households that form after marital separation or divorce What are the five former spouse relationships Perfect pals remain friends after they divorce and try to accommodate their expartner s needs so that they can better focus on parenting Cooperative colleagues cooperate as parents but they do not feel that they are friends as do perfect pals Angry associates anger is an integral part of this type of post divorce relationship Effective coparenting is not a goal of these divorced partners o Fiery foes incapable of coparenting The anger is so intense that they will not allow the other to parent the other parent represents the enemy o Dissolved duos break off all contact with one another One partner literally disappears and leaves the other with the entire burden and responsibility of reorganizing and redefining the family What are some of the internalizing difficulties childrenadolescents face because of divorce o Worry feelings of unhappiness anxiety depression distress guilt and poor selfconcept Regarding the noncustodial parent the success or failure of the relationship depends on what two factors o The frequency of visitation the non custodial parent has with the children o Quality of the interactions and the relationship between the child and the parent What are three primary challenges for single parents o Changes in financial status changes in residence changes in boundaries for children changes in the emotional environment and postdivorce dating What is a complex stepfamily o Both partners have children from previous relationships or marriage although the children may reside in different households Darrin and I growing up What is a joint biological stepfamily o The couple has at least one biological child that is the product of both married parents and at least one biological child of either parent meaning the other parent would be the stepparent Chapter 15 What percentage of domestic violence cases are from women Men o 15 of domestic violence is from women o The rest is from men What is the rule of thumbquot Who is unofficially credited for coining this term How is domestic violence defined o Violence perpetrated against family members by an offender who is related to the victim either biologically or legally such as by marriage or through adoption Why is domestic violence difficult to measure o Many cases go unreported What is the difference between physical emotional and sexual abuse What are examples of each o Physical violence includes such acts as hitting punching pushing slapping biting or throwing something at the victim o Emotional violence controlling the amount of contact a family member has with family and friends name calling constant criticism threats to leave the partner or throwing him or her out displays of intense jealousyaccusation that one is being unfaithful controlling the spending and distribution of money excessive rule making and threats of physical or sexual harm o Sexual violence includes marital rape battering rape and forced sexual acts What are some of the myths around domestic violence What are the phases in the Cycle of Violence o Tension building acute battering or violent act and the respite nonviolent phase What is the 1 reason victims often remain in an abusive relationship FEAR Chapter 16 What is the difference between primary and secondary aging o Primary aging basic biological processes that are genetically programmed and that take place with the passage of time o Secondary aging physiological declines that are the result of environmental and behavioral influences that significantly impact how we age What is the average life expectancy for Americans How is it different by racegender o 68 to 80 years old o White females are expected to live until 80 and black females are supposed to live until 748 o White men are supposed to live to see 749 and black men are expected to live until 682 What percentage of the US population do people 65 and older currently constitute o One in eight or 395 million What are the four developmental forces in aging o Biological forces o Psychological forces o Sociocultural forces o Lifecycle forces What is the difference between normative agegraded historygraded and nonnormative life course influences o Normative agegraded developmental changes caused by biological psychological and sociocultural forces o History graded events or conditions that people in a given culture or society experience simultaneously o Nonnormative uncommon rare or unanticipated events such as the death of a loved one due to a terrorist attack or the loss of the family home because of a hurricane They have an impact on the person s developmental life course What is ageism o Stereotypical attitudes toward the aging and elderly What are the grandparenting styles o Formal fun seeker remote involved and dispenser of wisdom What is meant by the sandwich generation o Being in the middle of two generations parenting adolescents or younger children while at the same time caring for aging parents What are the three dying trajectories o Lingering trajectory o Unexpected quick trajectory o Expected quick trajectory 582013 123900 AM 582013 123900 AM FINAL EXAM OVERVIEW FSHS 350 FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS AND GENDER ROLES CHATE 9 a EX AN SEXUALH o How are sex and sexuality are different What are the 4 types of sexual orientation 6 What are sexual scripts What are the primary functions of sexual scripts What are the phases of sexual response CHATEQS il M ARENTHNG Women in what age group account for the largest percentages of births What are the eight essential parenting responsibilities 9 What are the 4 parenting styles What is the second shift HAPTE ill a ALANQHNQ WQK AN FAMELY 9 Who is Lilly Ledbetter Why is her story relevant to family life 9 What is meant by dual earners What percentage of the US population are dual earners o What is meant by spillover Are there negative or positive implications 9 What is 1 Timebased conflict Strainbased conflict Behaviorbased conflict o How do role conflict and role overload differ 9 Possible bonus question During Nigel Marsh s TEDtalk he lays out 4 observations regarding the critical nature of worklife balance What are they HATER iEUNQQUMNQ What is the crude divorce rate Why is it difficult to have a precise representation of divorce in America o Is divorce more prevalent among younger or older couples 6 What are the correlates of divorce What are the phases in Steven Duck s model of relationship deterioration What are examples of each phase HATE MEEEUHLHNG FAME LHFE FQLLQWHG WQCE o What is a binuclear family 9 What are the five former spouse relationships 9 What are some of the benefits of divorce 9 What are some of the internalizing difficulties children adolescents face because of divorce 9 Regarding the noncustodial parent the success or failure of the relationship depends on what two factors What are three primary challenges for single parents What is a complex stepfamily What is a joint biological stepfamily HAPTE ilSEFAlWLY HANQE amp QHH GOOMESTH WQLENQE o What percentage of domestic violence cases are from women Men What is the rule of thumb Who is unofficially credited for coining this term 9 How is domestic violence defined 9 Why is domestic violence difficult to measure 9 What is the difference between physical emotional and sexual abuse What are examples of each 9 What are some of the myths around domestic violence 9 What are the phases in the Cycle of Violence 6 What is the 1 reason victims often remain in an abusive relationship HATE 1AHN o What is the difference between primary and secondary aging What is the average life expectancy for Americans How is it different by racegender o What percentage of the US population do people 65 and older currently constitute o What are the four developmental forces in aging o What is the difference between normative age graded historygraded and nonnormative life course influences o What is ageism o What are the grandparenting styles o What is meant by the sandwich generation 9 What are the three dying trajectories