Popular in Course
Popular in Chemical Engineering
This 108 page Class Notes was uploaded by Durward Wiegand on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHE 670 at Kansas State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see /class/214963/che-670-kansas-state-university in Chemical Engineering at Kansas State University.
Reviews for Sem
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/28/15
department of chemical engineering Green Opportunities and Progress Green Engineering as a Path to Sustainability Jennifer L Anthony Kansas State University Department of Chemical Engineering Manhattan KS Renewable Energy Food and Sustainability Intersession Course WE January 8th 10th 2008 quotINEERINGD What is Green Engineering Design commercialization and use of processes and products that are feasible and economic while minimizing Risk to human health and environment Generation of pollution at the source Transforms existing practices to promote sustainable development The Sandestin Declaration Green Engineering transforms existing engineering disciplines and practices to those that lead to sustainability Green Engineering incorporates development and implementation of products processes and systems that meet technical and cost objectives while protecting human health and welfare and elevates the protection of the biosphere as a criterion in engineering solutions Green Engineering De ning the Princrpes Engineering Conferences International Sandestin FL USA May 1722 2003 ClelJJilrrieril of charm Finding a Balance in Design ield ed sto ield O A A Past Present The Sandestin GE Principles 1 Engineer processes and products holistically use systems analysis and integrate envrronmental Impact assessment tools 2 Conserve and improve natural ecosystems while protecting human health and wellbeing 3 Use lifecycle thinking in all engineering activities 4 Ensure that all material and energy inputs and outputs are as inherently safe and benign as possible 5 Minimize depletion of natural resources 6 Strive to prevent waste 7 Develop and apply engineering solutions while being cognizant of local geography aspirations and cultures 8 Create engineering solutions beyond current or dominant technologies improve innovate and invent technologies to achieve sustainability 9 Actively engage communities and stakeholders in development of engineering solutions Green Engineering De ning the Princrpes Engineering Conferences International Sandestin FL USA May 1722 2003 12 Principles of Green Engineering Inherent rather than circumstantial Prevention rather than treatment Design for separation Maximize mass energy space and time efficiency Outputpulled versus inputpushed Conserve complexity Durability rather than immortality Meet need minimize excess Minimize material diversity 10 Integrate local material and energy flows 11 Design for commercial afterlife 12 Renewable rather than depleting WNQF erP T From Paul Anastas Clep wlmenl of Client Applying the Principles Application of innovative technology to established industrial processes Development of more environmentallybenign routes to desired products Design of new green chemicals and materials Use of sustainable resources Use of biotechnology alternatives Methodologies and tools for assessing environmental impact Clep lllrner ll of Cl lernlccll erlgv leenrlg Principle 1 Inherent rather than circumstantial designers should evaluate the inherent nature of the selected material and energy inputs to ensure that they are as benign as possible as a first step toward a sustainable product process or system A Case Study Two Polymers Polyacrylamide vs Poly Nvinyl Formamide Used in papermaking oil recovery personal care products watertreatment Monomers Acrylamlde Nvmyl formamlde NH O H2N A Case Study Two Polymers Polyacrylamide vs Poly Nvinyl Formamide Used in papermaking oil recovery personal care products watertreatment Monomers Acrylamlde Nvmyl formamlde NH H2N 0 Highly toxic causes CNS paralysis Low toxicity not a neurotoxin Cieiwmimem of i A Case Study Two Polymers tam E INEERING Polyacrylamide vs Poly Nvinyl Formamide Used in papermaking oil recovery personal care products watertreatment Monomers Acrylamide Nvmyl formamlde NH H2N 0 Highly toxic causes CNS paralysis Low toxicity not a neurotoxin Green enzymatic synthesis Synthesis uses hydrogen cyanide A Case Study Two Polymers tam E INEERING Polyacrylamide vs Poly Nvinyl Formamide Used in papermaking oil recovery personal care products watertreatment Monomers Acrylamide Nvmyl formamlde NH H2N 0 Highly toxic causes CNS paralysis Low toxicity not a neurotoxin Green enzymatic synthesis Synthesis uses hydrogen cyanide 1kg 450kg Principle 2 Prevention rather than treatment it is better to prevent waste than to treat or clean up waste after it is formed Tremendous spent on waste treatment disposal and remediation in the past not always considered in cost of plant full cost accounting life cycle analysis Usually requires extra unit operations Industrial mindset is changing How to prevent pollution Implementation of new technology solvent substitution eliminate toxic intermediates new reaction pathsnew chemistry Optimize existing technology Choice of raw materials Reactor ef ciency Simple nolow cost solutions sloping piping downwards to cut wash solvent use short fat pipes reduces drag lower energy use paint storage tanks white no deadend sample points T m AampR 1997 Principle 3 Design for Separation many traditional methods for separation require large amounts of hazardous solvents Whereas others consume large quantities of energy as heat or pressure Appropriate upfront designs permit the selfseparation of products using intrinsic physicalchemical properties Design for Separation the Serendipitous Result Polypropylene Cap sometimes present Aluminum Ring Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottle Paperadhesive Label Polyethylene Base Cup Recycling of PET bottles Color sort using spectroscopy green Shred bottles dye chemically wash to remove incorporated labels into PET HDPE PET for reuse Separation of PET and HDPE by density using water Removal of aluminum ring by electrostatic technique q m lNElllllllll Combined reaction amp separation CZHB A Ram 39E INEERING C H H 6 2 4 2 CZHS o o 0 C2 4 683885068880 2 Csz equilibrium limited to about 40 conversion Combined reaction amp separation 3939 39 39 Ho 0 O O Csz 39 ch88 gt008880 39 CZH4 H microporous membrane allows H2 to pass but not CZH4 or CZH6 allows close to 100 conversion eliminates need for energyintensive separation process Principle 4 oMaximize efficiency products processes and systems should be designed to maximize mass energy space and time ef ciency Mass and energy efficiency is standard Chemical Engineering optimization Related to 8 no overcapacity Related to 10 mass amp energy integration Heat Integration 170 kJ cooling utility I eg cocling water Hot process Hot process stream in stream out 200 C 30 C 1 kgs Cold process A com prfmess stream In stream out 50 C 200 C l 2 kgs 300 J heating utility eg steam AampS 2002 Heat Integration 30 kJ cooling utility eg cooling water Hot Process Hot process stream in t out 200 C 39bllocdlll 1 kgls 30 C 60 C Ctold process Cold process 5 ream out 39 120 C stream In 200 C 50 C 2 kgls 160 kJ ueating utility eg steam AampS 2002 Principle 5 Ouput pulled rather than inputpushed approaching design through Le Chatelier s Principle therefore minimizes the amount of resources consumed to transform inputs into desired outputs Output driven Grocery stores Gap uses RFID tags to use RFlD keep track of amounts to traCk Saes on shelves versus and supplles of amounts in inventory Chill food V l r Principle 6 Conserve complexity embedded entropy and complexity must be viewed as an investment when making design choices on recycle reuse or bene cial disposition More focused on products than processes Less complicated products can more easily be recycled If a product is complex then it should be designed to be reused Unnecessary complexity IBM PC s used to be made with 15 different types of screws Replaced with 1 type of screw Easier to disassemble amp recycle Why not reuse computers make modular repace processors memory economics Diana Bendz IBM Presentation at ND 2000 Principle 7 Durability rather than immortality It is therefore necessary to design products With a targeted lifetime to avoid immortality of undesirable materials in the environment However this strategy must be balanced With the design of products that are durable enough to Withstand anticipated operating conditions Example CF C s CXHyFZCIq Nonflammable Nontoxic Inexpensive Effective Stable Example CF C s 39 CXHYFZCIq Longlived migrate to Nonflammable upper atmosphere 39 Nontoxic UV induced Inexpensive 1339298133 Agra Effective W I0 leads to ozone o Stable depletion Example Packing materials Differences in cost density and energy intensity 0 Polyethylene packaging Photodegradable analog 0 Vs Biodegradable analog Principle 8 Meet Need Not Excess design for unnecessary capacity or capability e g one size ts all solutions should be considered a design flaw Don t over design things keep contingency factors low Extra size means wasted material and energy Industry Overcapacity Global auto industry has 80 million vehiclesyr capacity for market of lt60 millionyr Where Optimism Meets Overcapacity NYTimes Oct 1 1997 US 2002 plant utilization 75 Industry Week Principle 9 Minimize material diversity options for nal disposition are increased through upfront designs that minimize material diversity yet accomplish the needed functions Potential Examples Automobile design use single materials rather than alloys metal and polymeric Additives create multifunctional additives rather than packages incorporate additive functionality into polymeric backbone dyes flame retardants Pigments can pigments be switched on and off can changes in pigment physical properties allow for variety of colors Principle 10 ntegrate Material and Energy Flows design of products processes and systems must include integration and interconnectivity with available energy and materials flows Make use of what you ve got available in process or on site Clelwmlmenl of Client Cl Kalundborg Industrial Park sulfur Lake refinery fish Plaster board plant waste treatment fjord gypsum AampS 2002 CRUDE 01L Kemi ra SU39Ifur Sulfuric acid production STATDI L REFINER II Hgd o Desuifurizer Bio treatedquot l Waste Water Energy Materials Water Waste Water Proposed Core Parlicipart Stea m 7 Water to Boilers Bio treated Waste Water Flue Gas Desu lfurizsr GYPRUC Water used amp treated a org 2 Fig Ash Portland MS Condensate R03 PM 9 ASNJES FISH FARMS Heat Waste Heat Steam Hm sea water Fish Wastes NUVD NDRDISK Farm Fertilizer Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis 1995 Drawn bl D B Holmes based oninformation from various sources including LK Evans N Gertler and V Christensen Principle 11 Design for commercial afterlife To reduce waste components that remain functional and valuable can be recovered for reuse andor recon guration ctawmtment of Chemh Ct Product Afterlife Examples Photodegradable polymers Conversion of old factories to housing Disassembly of equipment for reuse of components Creation of plastic lumber from used polymeric packaging material molecular reuse lliur Elliliilmi Uses for C02 Oil recovery Alternative solvent Coffee decaffeination Refrigerant Food packing Beverage additive Antibacterialfungal agent Fire extinguishers Water treatment Raw material for chemical and material synthesis Cleliijilmenl of Principle 12 Renewable rather than depleting Material and energy inputs should be renewable rather than depleting Don t want to deplete our natural resources Need resources to be there for future generations Energy solar wind hydroelectric geothermal biomass hydrogen fuel cells Recent Efforts in Green Chemistry amp Engineering Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award Winners selected examples 2007 Supercritical CO2 for sterilizing medical equipment Alternative wood adhesive using soy flour 2006 New synthetic path using enzymes for making JanuviaT39V39 a diabetes treatment Merck New enzymes for making active ingredients in Lipitor Codexis GreenlistT39V39 rates healthenvironmental effects of product ingredients SC Johnson For more details see httpwwwepagovopptintrgreenchemistrypubspgccpasthtm Clawmlmem of Chemical ervgw leeurwg lam EN INElillllli References Allen and Rosselot Pollution Prevention for Chemical Processes 1997 John Vl ley amp Sons Inc Allen and Shonnard Green Engineering 2002 PrenticeHall Seader and Henley Separation Process Principles 1998 John Wiley amp Sons Inc Segars et al ESampT 2003 37 5269 Other sources Various presentations by E Beckman U Pitt J Brennecke U Notre Dame R Hesketh Rowan U R Keiski U Oulu and D Shonnard MichTech Life Cycle Analysis and Sustainability Kansas State University Workshop on Renewable Energy Food amp Sustainbility 8 January 2008 Gregory A Norris Outline I Framing Sustainable Development I Brundland definition I Consumption Needs Wellbeing I Suggested alternative that people and organizations can start to apply now I Ways Life Cycle Methods might contribute I The essence of Life Cycle Assessment I Impacts of development in supply chains I Beneficience being sustainable now Sustainable Development Meeting the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their needs WCED Brundtland Commission 1987 Key themes in Brundtland definition I Human needs at center I Meeting them I Defining I Wellbeing I Health as a partial but powerful barometer I How are needs met how is the ability related to the state of the environment abilitiespatterns of consumption other key factors I Not compromising ability of future generations Wellbeing needs commodities Need Satisfaction Commodities Income gt MaxNeef 92 insights about 4 existential categon39es and 5 types of satisfiers anything else Empiiical needs Biophysical YOU BET Psychological Wellbeing Hedonic Empirical Eudaimonic edonic elein flssues with Happiness Three components Life satisfaction Presence of Positive mood aspects Absence of Negative mood aspects Long term reported life satisfaction More a personal characteristic than a result of situationcondition People reluctant to reportentertain low life satisfaction Shortterm mood versus longterm wellbeing Actions may provide temporary pleasure while compromising longterm satisfaction of basic needs 50 mm 7 0 03 4 0 F Ammmmhmmmmmwmm 1946 happiness 1 not at all happy 37 not very happy615 fairly happy 93 very happy life satisfaction 12 extremely dissatisfied 4 as yet dissatisfied 68 father satisfied 815 satisfied 9 fully satisfied 45K 9 happiness USA I life satisfaction Japan life satisfaction Germany 39West a life satisfaction Italy 33K Per esprit GDP Japan Pram 1953 In 199 1956 1966 1976 1986 Hofstetter and Madj ar 2003 Two Frames of Wellbeing Hedonic wellbeing happiness i Subjective wellbeing Aristippus Hobbes Bentham utilitarian Diener 1984 Veenhoven others Hedonic Psychology Kahneman et al 1999 Eudaimonic thriving beingwell actualizing Aristotle Fromm and many others Deci Ryan Csikszentmihalyi others Evolutionary psychology observation of human thriving happiness vitality mental and psychological health 7 Need Satisfier classes and behavior Synergic satisfy multiple needs at once eg education Singular satisfy one need eg insurance Inhibiting satisfy one inhibit others eg excess work Pseudo false sensation of satisfying may impair status symbols Violators and destructors false solution may prevent actual solution while impairing other needs govt bureaucracy for security MaxNe 1792ng Basic Needs Need Having Doing Subsistence Food shelter work Eat rest procreate Protection Insurancehealth social security Cooperate prevent plan take care systems savings rights etc of cure help Affection Friendships family Love caress share take care of partnerships cultivate appreciate Understanding Literature teachers method Investigate study educate edcommunication policies experiment analyze meditate Participation Rights responsibilities duties Af liate cooperate propose share privileges work dissent agree etc Leisure Games spectacles clubs Play daydream brood relax parties peace of mind practice Creation Abilities skills method job Work invent build design etc Identity Symbols language religions Commit integrate confront customs values norms history decide actualize grow Freedom Equal rights Dissent choose commit risk etc Meeting Needs I Largely through actions not things I The ability of these actions to meet needs depends strongly on I Quality of relationships I Time and attention I Abilities I Many of these actions which are by definition intrinsically valuable also generate benefits for others Briefly abhezmo39re physical needs Jerome Segal and Societal Efficiency Jerome Segal 1998 Graceful Simplicity Societal Efficiency Need satisfaction per unit of income The inverse of the income required to meet one s basic needs The modern USA is probably the most societally inefficient civilization the world has ever seen Food Middle class standard from Segal A person eats nutritiously hosts with pride eats diverse foods of good quality celebrates holidays eats produce out of season purchases lunch in the workplace and occasionally takes the family out for dinner Based on current spending 1715 2212 Shelter Lives in a house or apartment with protection from the elements with sufficient light and ventilation to sustain good health Lives in sanitary and spacial conditions not generally viewed as disgraceful Lives in a neighborhood where children can safely be outside alone Lives where there is access to good public schools 39 Current Pdigrn Products deliver function to user These functions may meet basic needs to promote thriving of user or not Product use generates negative impacts throughout LC Goal Given the existence of the person minimize hisher negative impacts on the world by Finding greenest products greening lifestyles Making products greener At best one person s thriving is everyone else s loss World would be better off without me Reframing sustainable development Thriving in ways that enhance the ability of others present and Thriving in ways that promote thriving I Study reduce the negative impacts of our consumption and actions I Create enough positive benefits elsewhere in the world to more than offset the negative impacts Quality of relationships Time and attention Abilities v Thriving in ways that promote thriving I Study reduce the negative impacts of our consumption and actions Lite WeillIs mg Hmad g Cgg I h l is dioxinfree right Show me the data How many grams and how does that compare with our other impacts like climate change And I39ve been wondering about all the jarwashing by our customers And what can we do about these issues Life Cycle Assessment I Internationally Standardized ISO 14040 14044 I Think broadly Life cycle cradletonext life I Think deeply Impacts endpoints I Think quantitatively data I Think comparatively what if we change xyz I Think systematically standards transparency m International R r ISO orsahimfwor n v W Standardization V V i 74 3 SET UNEP I 39 Initiative LCA Defined ISO 14040 Life Cycle Assessment Framework Goalamp Scope De nMon Inventory Analysis I Impact Assessment Interpretation 1 D Direct Applications Product Development amp Improvement Strategic planning Public policy making Marketing Other I e yc e nV ntory Analysis I I Releasestoenvironment I Extractions from environment Releases to environment Outputs x Extractions from environment What is a Unit Process ISO The level at which data are gathered 123 M Electric rcv Natural gas high Heavy fuel all at Tmhsp mt wood Electrlc39rty high gas at Heavy fuel oil at Corrugated board base paper krafdrner at ManthER U Insert ne here Known corpus m technosphere Avoided prududs Name Insert Ilne here 1 ko Corrugated board 100 Known inputs from nature resources Il L Amount kg 0372 tkm 0000115 m3 M r r n rum rnwater 00111 39 Mater river In water 0 0168 Transport lorry Industrial wood Mater war In ground m water 00 839 34 Insert ne here Kno rn Inputs from technosphere materialsfuels Name Unit r 19 m m h kw nmrzrr b0053 Ikg I I r L nnrlri r rnrmwwrr 043039 kg I Emudesxor paper Hn quotma A rm nrn nnm M r km 528 m 0000124 m3 L A J r 4 mr nrluFDIr hogan tkg l 39 H a rhlnn zn nu n H39J fnlznfDFDH oggmg kg l oil at Operation lorry Softwood OxygenquurdatpantRERU 00001a kg h 25 a 52 Dh r U ml Wm rlzlnra an mwn rrnmm Ikg P mr 5 kg 1 Secondarv surphor at re neryKER u b0003 kg Scda powder at pramREP 0 010013 kg 1 Inventory results LCI Substance Compartment Unit Aluminum Air mg mmonia Air mg Ammonium carbonate Air rig Antimony Air lg Antimonyl 24 Air nt Antlmonyl 25 Air nElq rg n4i Air Elg Arsenic Air pg Barium Air pg Bariuml 40 Air uBg Benzaldehyde Air rig enzene Air mg Benzene elhyl Air pg Benzene hexachluru Air ng enzene peniachloro Air rig Benzoa ne Air ng Berylli rn Alr ng oron Air mg Bromine Air pg Butadiene Air pg Bulane Air mg Butane Air Ilg Cadmium Air ug Calciu Air mg Carbo Alr Elg Carbon dioxide biogenic Air g Carbon dioxide fossil Air kg Carbon isullide Alr mg Carbon monoxide biogenic Air mg Carbon monoxide fossil g Impact Assessment re sults Impacrl oaxogory Tolal Carcinogens 23555 Resp organics 3 DEE E Resp inorganios UVIJEIll Climale change 0000432 Radiation 121EE one layer 51 EEEl Ecoloxici 1 1SE75 Acidilicalioni Eulrophicalion El UiZB and use 1 BEEE Minerals 13E6 Fossil fuels El 03524 Life Cycle Impact Assessment I Origins I Global warming potentials GWPs I Ozone depletion potentials ODPs I Origin outside LCA Reasonable international acceptance Indicators equivalency measures not damage calculations Permit summation within impact category 39 The grenus rh chanism Electromagnetic Radiation I 002 N20 CH4 etc Infrared Radiation Climate Change Emissions eigq CFCs HFCs C02 Chemicals trap heat othemise re ected back to atmosphere e I Global wanning potential GWP based on chemical s radiative forcing and lifetime Climate change affects tempemmre precipitation and sea level uman eat If gig mglarlie 2 Species damage Agricultural effects Coastal area damage Forest effects Water resource effects WWWnrelg0Vlci ll lldll rare I mgr Periormance Buildings LifeCycle Inventory Database Project NREL along with the Athena Sustainable Materials Institute is leading an effort to develop a publicly available US life cycle inventory LCI database to track the environmental impact of commonly used materials products and processes The project objective is to provide a central source for critically reviewed LCI data that is developed in accordance with a common research protocol is consistent with international standards and is maintained by a credible agency gt About the La Project ycle Invento Database Financial support Projectm wati r Vided by s at on and participants is p a h u Planning amp Progress This database prowdes life cycle D anment of Process review and recommended Inventory data to support public P data development d gt rt t Energy 5 m D b private an non pro i sec or Enarg EFFICIan Hit 5 efforts to develop product and Renewable 5 e inventory data ife cycle assessments support m the E systems and tools The p 39 ate sector also provided fund39ng 5 29 Z d e NREL39s High Performance Buildings Research is NREL Home Security 3 Privacy Webmaster sponsored by the US Department of Energy s Of ce of Energy Ef ciency and Renewable Energy Building Technologies Program 39J U NREL HI WWWecoinventch eco nvent Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories A joint initiative of the EI39H domain and Swiss Federal Offices gt Version 2 3500 processes gt Extensive environmental ow data gt Comprehensive technosphere data The Global BurdenASf Disease Approximate shares of global burden of disease in DALYs by risk factor category Other selected risks to health Occupational risks 2 Childhood and 77 nal Environmental risks Undernutrition 5 28 Addictive substances 16 Other dietrelated Sexual and risks and physical reproductive health ris S InactIVIty 0 13 23A Based on data from Annex Table 10 WHO 2002 Environmental Risk Factors Global Burden of Disease Environmental Risks 2000 Climate change Lead exposure 5 1 Unsafe water 39 sanitation and hygiene 45 Indoor smoke from solid fuels 32 Urban air pollution 7 Based on data from Annex Table 12 WHO 2002 Pollution related environmental risks Developed country Developing Developing Jj country High country Low mortality mortality Can product policy do something about the other 97 of the global burden of disease Pollution related environmental risks Developed country Developing Developing 1 country High country Low mortality mortality Is product policy already in uencing the other 97 of the global burden of disease Bene cially Burdenshifting A Fuller View of Life Cycles Consumption 9 economic activities 9 Pollution and resource consumption Livelihoods employment income Taxes 9 public investment Changes in livelihoods 9 Health education economic participation of families descendants Changes in taxes 9 Investment in Infrastructure Human development Technology Longterm effect observed in cross sectional and time series within and between countries Effect confirmed controlling for influence of health on employability 1mm educatio health V Increased Incomes of poor Average Income lt gt Health Long 39139 er m Social investment Mean life expectancy and Per Capita GNP 1999 PPP Mean Life Expectancy at Birth years 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 Per Capita GNP 1999 PPP Source World Bank 2002 World Development 20002001 Chapter 12 Tables 1 and 2 Step 1 Life expectancy fGDPPC Data World Bank 2002 126 countries Model form LE life expectancy in years GDPPC GDP per capita 1999 adjusted for purchasing power parity LE a bGNPPCC Male life Female life a 82 87 b 639 1176 c 044 052 078 081 Step 2 Life years saved f AGDP1 AYL 2 Pop LEGDPPC1 LEGDPPC0 AYL 2 Pop a b GDPPCI C a b GDPPCO CJ AYL b Pop 1 GDch GDP0 AGDP Specific to each LCA or product Specific to each country or region Switzerland Norway United States Japan Singapore Austria Belgium Germany Netherlands Sweden Charactization Factors per 1M GDP Mean of MampF Delta pers life yrs 80 95 95 1 02 1 O5 127 1 33 1 34 1 37 140 Switzerland Norway United States Japan Singapore Austria Belgium Germany Netherlands Sweden Burkina Faso Madagascar Mozambique Eritrea Mali Chad Angola Tanzania Niger Malawi Burundi Sierra Leone Ethiopia 95 1 02 1 05 1 27 1 33 1 34 1 37 1 40 66575 69033 73607 75387 75486 83681 86113 90401 93161 103863 168427 178908 194458 quotica Example M Electricity in Netherlands 153 different sectors 33 sectors Global distribution of stimulated economic activity Non N0 Europe OECD OECD I Europe OECD Netherland Global distribution of health impacts of life cycle pollution 25 l Ozone layer 20 7 El Climate change 7 El Respiratory inorganics l Respiratory organics Disability39 1395 7 El Carcinogens adjusted life years 10 7 05 7 NL OECD Rest of world Location Global distribution of health impacts of development Disability 1500 Adjusted LifeYears SocioEcon Health PM Health Netherlands 7 V 7 739 39 7 7 OECD Rest ofWorld Global distribution of health impacts of development DALYs 10000 1000 Pollution health losses l Socioecon health gains 100 line NL OECD Rest of world A Health Impacts Averages from MacroMod 9 A Socio onomic Pollution Averages from MacroMod 9 Health Impacts Pollution SO 39 onomic hie measure report casespecific impacts hie achieve high benefits not major damage Life Cycle Task Force I 3 Integration of social aspects into LCA Objectives How to include social impacts in the methodology of Life Cycle Assessment LCA Members Approximatively 40 members Chair Bernard Mazijn Belgium Multidisciplinary Team Businesses academics consultants coming mostly from Europe but also from America Asia and Africa Outline I Framing Sustainable Development I Brundland definition I Consumption Needs Wellbeing I Suggested alternative that people and organizations can start to apply now I How Life Cycle Methods can contribute I The essence of Life Cycle Assessment I Impacts of development in supply chains I Beneficience being sustainable now earthsterorg I An Open Source Publishing and Analysis Platform For Life Cycle Information about Products I Producers Tell your story with data I Improve your products with supplier selection I Buyers Access green markets I Drive transformation I No cost I Voluntary I Open Source I Use existing standards work with existing systems I Report once to serve many audiences I Makes business sense for user E IE gm mew go awkmarks Innis helD bv h 39 JSND mang Q Gemng Stamad s Latest Headlines earthsterorg Vionsomum 39 WGIEJDIFECEOW 7 DocsaTd my 7SIFMembeFDwEtoW quotT empla t as example co 7 H011 lbitE39a rrrTs39tEN Examnits Co u Example co Certi cations Newearlh website httpexamplecum Member Yes Ema nfo 2xamplecnm 1400a Phone 1 300 EXAMPLE Certi ed ves o FSC Certi ed Yes Address 3463 Westminister West Rd Suite Putney VT 05301 Want to show Available Products LCA data for Bread your Slightly Salted Organic Butter sunn Milk Fat F WdUCtS Dhm 1 onw takes a new pwduct Few summe stens to add Informath ab ut you Add Product pruducts Name anwromsnta Impacts to your he u Classi cauun Dune Free LCA Confidential wl Benchmark I Click to download a FREE LCA Calculator I Runs on your computer I Input last year s data I Amounts purchased Amount released Amount sold I Click for a table of supply chain pollution I Click to compare your product vs sector average Elle Edit ookmarks Innis have said Getting Started LatestHeadilnes ew in eiD Homemade Bread Buy Now a pany e ancient craft of making starters or ievains guides us each day Keeping Our Bread we bake and deliver seven days a week insuring that every loaf you buy was baked only hours earliert In an effort to preserve the crust we package all of our breads only in paper bags cause our process of natural leavening encourages bene cial acids which act as a natural preservative our bread will keep for up to two days in its bag Our breads also freeze well After thawing placing your loal in a 350 degree oven for 1520 minutes will revive some of the crispiness of the crust All of our breads are naturally leavened and made from flour derived from Certi ed organic grains Each loafis then formed by hand and baked in a EDD degree hearth oven This process results in an interesting intentional irregularity to the interior hole structure as well as the dark Crisp crust fur which Eur breads are known A essential to the avor and style of our loaves Done Category 33 Bread cake and related pro r LCA Data Environmental impacts of buying brand A or B rumquot Huh impacts Cradle to Gate Air Emissions kg Name Carbon dlCideE39 Carbon monoxide Methane particulates lt 10 um Nitrogen dioxide Sulfur dlDXIdE voc volatile organlt Compnunds Amman a Cradle to Gate Water pollution kg Name phosphorus Nitrate compounds Ammonia Manganese Compounds Methanol Sodium nitnte tBtltyl memyl ether Amount 2168133 kg 4576 kg 1 929 kg Amount 502 kg 0134 kg 0013 kg 00ch kg 0001 kg 0 kg 0 kg Link to Supplier Data I Click to find out if some of your suppliers have published betterthanaverage LCls or made major gains reductions in emissions impact I Click to take credit use their LCl data in place of generic and recalculate your LCl I Call other suppliers C II m I a your customimegm l EQ a d w gwppm ig st g w det t e a m up 39 D E SW g The Earte Eonsortium I Opportunity to influence the technical and market development of the Earthster system I Credit and publicity for being a funder and member of the consortium including display of your organization39s logo in the Earthster website I Opportunity to help shape the governance and systems for validation of data I Reduce our negative impacts as far as possible I Increase our positive impacts to be at least greater than our negative impacts Bene cient Bene cial efficient A market for innovation amp transformation I Use systems Such as Earthster to I Quantify last year39s footprint impacts I Quantify potential benefits of changes I Use the web to I Offer the changes for sale You sponsor this much transformation elsewhere offsetting your remaining burden