Ecosphere Envir Sci II
Ecosphere Envir Sci II EVPP 111
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Darius Gutmann on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EVPP 111 at George Mason University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see /class/214987/evpp-111-george-mason-university in Environmental Health, Science, And Policy at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Exam 2 Study Guide EVPP 111 Lecture Dr Largen Spring 2004 Biomes What is the definition ofthe term biome How does quotbiomequot differ from quotecosystemquot What role does climate play in the distribution of biomes lfwe know the biome of an area what types ofthings about that area can we predict What are the two most important climatic factors in determining the distribution of biomes The interaction ofwhat factors determines the distribution of biomes What are the major biomes ofthe world For each major biome what are its characteristics in terms oftemperature precipitation types ofvegetation types of organisms locations Biogeochemical Cycles How is the movement ofenergy through an ecosystem described How is the movement of matter through an ecosystem described What is the de nition ofa biogeochemical cycle How is it said thatthe many biogeochemical cycles are uni ed What are the 4 quotspheresquot through which matter cycles What are the two main determinants in determining the average times of storage or cycling of matterthrough the reservoirs What are the 3 main categories ofbiogeochemical cycles What are three examples of gaseous cycles What are 2 examples of sedimentary cycles What is the hydrologic cycle what are its characteristics what is its function what are the main processes ofthe cycle and the characteristics ofthose processes how does water move through the cycle how do human activities impact the water cycle What is the carbon cycle what are its characteristics what is its function what are the main processes ofthe cycle and the characteristics ofthose processes how does carbon move through the cycle how do human activities impact the carbon cycle What is the nitrogen cycle what are its characteristics what is its function what are the main processes ofthe cycle and the characteristics ofthose processes how does nitrogen move through the cycle how do human activities impact the nitrogen cycle What is the phosphorous cycle what are its characteristics what is its function what are the main processes ofthe cycle and the characteristics of those processes how does phosphorous move through the cycle how do human activities impact the phosphorous cycle Aguatic Biomes o What are the two major categories of aquatic biomes o What is the difference in the salt concentration of freshwater versus marine biomes o What are the physical and chemical parameters used in defining layers of vertical stratification in aquatic ecosystems Distinguish between the photic and aphotic zones of aquatic biomes What is thethermocline What are the two categories of freshwater biomes What in uences the characteristics of freshwater biomes What are the 2 categories of freshwater biomes What are examples ofstanding and moving bodies ofwater How are lakes formed What are the four zones of a freshwater lake and what are the characteristics ofeach o What factors determine the productivity ofa lake 0 What is biochemical oxygen demand BOD o What are the three categories into which lakes are often classi ed based on their production oforganic matter and what are the characteristics of each 0 What are wetlands what are their characteristics what are some examples of types of wetlands what are the topographic situations in which wetlands develop 0 What are the three zones of a river from its headwaters to where it meets the ocean what are the characteristics of each zone 0 What are the general characteristics of the headwaters ofa stream or river 0 How does the oxygen and nutrient content ofa stream or river change as it moves from its source to its mouth 0 What largely determines the nutrient content ofa stream or river 0 What is an estuary what are the characteristics productivity locations etc o What is a marine biome what is its salt concentration where are they located why are they important 0 What are the 5 zones ofa marine biome what are the characteristics of each where are they located What are the zones within the intertidal zone that are based on the percentage oftime spent submerged o In aquatic ecosystem what limits primary production and how does it differ in freshwater versus marine ecosystems 0 Why are tropical and subtropical oceans less productive than we would expect based on the availability of solar radiation in those areas Energy Patterns of Consumption o What quotfuelquot represented early civilization39s rst use ofenergy in a form other than food 0 What were some of the issues associated with the increased use ofwood as an energy source Which source of energy replaced wood when wood supplies declined in Europe and North America What are fossil fuels How in general are fossil fuels formed Which fossil fuel was the rst to be extensively used starting around the beginning ofthe industrial revolution What wasthe Industrial Revolution When did it begin Where did it begin How did per capita energy consumption change with the advent ofthe Industrial Revolution What is the link between economic growth and the availability of inexpensive energy What role did the automobile play in economic growth and energy consumption What is the relationship between gross domestic product and energy consumption How does the amount of energy used in industrialized countries compare to that in less developed countries How does the way energy is used in industrialized nations compare to the way its used in less developed nations How does the industrial use ofenergy in industrialized nations compare to that in less developed nations How does the transportation use of energy in industrialized nations compare to that in less developed nations How does the residential and commercial use ofenergy in industrialized nations compare to that in less developed nations How did world energy consumption change between 1985 and 1999 What the world39s three major sources ofenergy Energy Fossil Fuels Coal What is meant by the term quotnonrenewable resourcesquot What are some examples of nonrenewable resources What is meant by the term quotrenewable resourcesquot What are some examples ofrenewable resources What is the difference between a quotresourcequot and a quotreservequot What is the difference between a quotknownquot reserve and an quotunknownquot reserve What are the 3 types of fossil fuels How when and where was coal formed What are the characteristics of coal exposed to higher heat and pressure during formation What are the characteristics of coal exposed to lower heat and pressure during formation What are the three most common grades of coal What are the characteristics uses and deposit location of lignite What are the characteristics uses and deposit location of bituminous coal
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