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Intro to Fund Atmospheric Sci

by: Verna Brekke

Intro to Fund Atmospheric Sci CLIM 111

Marketplace > George Mason University > Climate Dynamics > CLIM 111 > Intro to Fund Atmospheric Sci
Verna Brekke
GPA 3.76

Zafer Boybeyi

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Zafer Boybeyi
Class Notes
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Verna Brekke on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLIM 111 at George Mason University taught by Zafer Boybeyi in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see /class/215045/clim-111-george-mason-university in Climate Dynamics at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 09/28/15
CLIMllUPHYSlll Introduction to Atmospheric Science Review for Exam 1 Chapter 1 Introduction to the Atmosphere What is the difference between weather and climate What are the major chemical components of the atmosphere What is ozone and what is its importance for life on Earth Atmospheric Layers and their major characteristics approximate altitudes Troposphere Stratosphere Mesosphere Thermosphere Temperature pro le of the atmosphere What causes carbon dioxide abundances to change in the atmosphere What is the environmental lapse rate What causes it How does photosynthesis in uence the atmosphere Atmospheric hazards types Particulates in the atmosphere Pressure vs altitude 4192013 Chapter 2 Heating Earth s Surface amp Atmosphere Earthsun relationships Causes of unequal temperature distribution on Earth What is the difference between energy heat and temperature What are the major mechanisms of heat transfer What happens to incoming solar radiation Re ection Scattering Absorption Heating the atmosphere Heat Budget of the Earth Shortwave radiation vs long wave radiation Natural vs man made greenhouse gases Greenhouse gases some examples Biogenic gases some examples 4192013 Chapter 3 Temperature Temperature observations Why does temperature vary What is the impact of cloud cover and albedo on temperature Ocean currents and their impact on weather amp climate World distribution of temperature Diurnal cycle of temperature Atmospheric layers Unstable Stable Neutral Temperature scales C F K Application of temperature data to weather monitoring 4192013 Chapter 4 Moisture and Atmospheric Stability What is the hydrological cycle Water distribution on the Earth Transpiration evaporation Properties of water that make it special Hydrogen bonding Changes of state of water and impacts on atmosphere Latent heat Condensation Melting Freezing Sublimation Deposition Types of humidity Absolute humidity Relative humidity Mixing ratio Humidity dependence upon temperature mass of water vapor Saturation Saturation vapor pressure dependence upon temperature 4192013 Chapter 4 Moisture and Stabilitv continued Dew point Adiabatic lapse rate Lifting condensation level Dry vs wet lapse rate Atmospheric stability stable vs unstable air Conditional instability Absolute stability Subsidence Orographic lifting Rain shadow desert sketch and describe formation Frontal wedge Convergence 4192013 Chapter 5 Condensation and Precipitation How do clouds in uence the atmosphere Condensation nuclei What are clouds storms Major types of clouds Major characteristics of high medium lOW altitude clouds Fog major types and how it forms Radiation fog Advection fog Upslope fog Steam fog Frontal fog Dew White frost Steps in the formation of precipitation Sizes of particles in condensation and precipitation Collisioncoalescence process 4192013 CLIMlllPHYSlll Introduction to Atmospheric Science Review for Exam 2 Chapters 711 Inclusive Chapter 7 Circulation of the Atmosphere Scales of Atmospheric Motion Local Winds Observed Distribution of Pressure and Winds Mesoscale microscale macroscale spatial size timescale Local winds mountain winds Global circulation three cell system Hadley Cell tropical circulation Monsoons Asian N American Westerlies Jet Streams Westerlies Waves and Earth s Heat Budget Global Winds and Ocean Currents El Nino La Nina Global Distribution of Precipitation 4192013 Chapter 8 Air Masses 4192013 What is an air mass What are the characteristics of an air mass Major source regions of air masses Classifying air masses Air mass modi cation N American air masses Chapter 9 Weather Patterns 4192013 Weather patterns PolarFront Theory Norwegian cyclone model Types of fronts Warm Cold Stationary Occluded Drylines Life Cycle of a MidLatitude Cyclone Clashing air masses ldealized weather of a MidLatitude Cyclone Cyclone Formation cyclonic and anticyclonic Divergence and convergence Traveling Cyclones patterns of movement Anticyclonic Weather and Blocking Highs Conveyor belt model Case Study of a MidLatitude Cyclone Chapter 10 Storms 4192013 Scales of atmospheric motion space vs time Midlatitude cyclones tornadoes hurricanes Thunderstorms three stages Air mass thunderstorms distribution of lightning Types of precipitation in a thunderstorm Severe thunderstorms roll clouds mesocyclones wall clouds Supercell characteristics esp mammatus clouds Inversions layers and thunderstorms Squall lines Mesoscale convective complex Microbursts Thunder and lightning Electric charging and lightning Global electric circuit Sprites Elves and Blue jets Tornadoes Formation and characteristics Tornado alley Fujita scale of intensity Doppler radar


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