Popular in American History since 1865
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Jake Davis on Monday September 29, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 2112 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 103 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/14
WW1 and The Red Scare 0 2nd prompt is coming up sometime this week 0 World War I O 1913 there were many social problems going on and the progressives were still going at it The president of Standford University talked about the movement and said that give us enough time and the progressives will solve all war even points to European instability Then the largest war up to then breaks out the next year 28 million will die The reas It has the Germans on one side with the Austrian Hungarian Empire and Turkish empire On the other side the British French Russian and the US What makes Wll so horrible lndustrialism it make military hardware have the capability of mass killings They smash together in Belgium and France and ght only there they are in trenches for the next 3 years it was a rough ght The enemies had machine guns to kill people every time they left the trench there was barbed wire between the trenches there was poison gas that lled trenches and it was this type of ghting for the next 3 years Only way out is injury illness or death The tank was another industrial weapon You stick your head out a sniper takes you out This is big reason progressivism dies people couldn t think that it was possible to remake westem civilization when it just results in death and destruction Existentialism as a philosophy was bom it stated that there could be no meaning to life it was just to die like that Just after the war is over in the 20s you don t hear about reform anymore except prohibition The war created conditions where the con icts that happened before get more intense There was an intensi cation of nativism 0 There was an antiwar movement just like most other wars There were many people who didn t want to be involved in World War 1 One group were the progressives where the progressives split some were in favor like President Wilson he tried to be involved in the Treaty of Versia to make it a progressive treaty But many opposed the war mostly women they said there were too many problems at home and that America should have came rst they said the biggest problem was the issue of voting they said how could they go out and spread democracy when half the population couldn t vote Alice Paul went on a hunger strike there s a photo in the PowerPoint The 2nd antiwar group were the antiimperialists like the same ones that opposed the SpanishAmerican war The 3rd group is the radical labor union they were intense like hugely endorsed Marxist socialism but they weren t super popular they claimed that it was just a sibling ght between capitalists to make the laborers lose their lives Most famous of them was Eugene V Debs he was the head of the socialist party and goes on the edge to give antiwar speeches But most Americans support the war it was complex because of immigration and many of them are from the European countries that were ghting in the war German immigrants were rooting for the side we were ghting against It made people question if our own citizens were patriotic for ght for our country Loyalty becomes an issue This gave a rise to AntiGerman Sentiment like being held at gunpoint to kiss the ag and mob rule rose Nativism was becoming more intense Private groups form and they were selfdeclared guardians of the public good such as the APL they might physically mug you for your draft card and if you couldn t show it they would beat you up Not just private groups the govemment also follows what the public wanted and we start to see the government take action towards nativism the post office stated that they would no longer mail anything that would deprive the war effort it created a wonder over what the bright line for what criticism was it was pretty extreme they were censoring newspapers It created an unintended sideeffect since it silenced so many voices I There was a CPI committee on public information created it was to whip up support for the war they sent speakers around giving 4 minute speeches on why you should go out and buy a war bond saying they could make money off interest payments They even bought posters the most popular was Uncle Sam pointing at you and saying I want you for the US Army The two biggest examples of the govemment and its contribution was the espionage act of 1917 it said you could go to jail for aiding the enemy or obstructing recruitment this went to the extreme as well and claimed that merely grumbling was aiding the enemy I There was also the sedition act of 1918 it imposed harsh penalties on anyone making disloyal or abusive language towards the government 1200 people get arrested for this Eugene Debs went to jail as well for 3 years until Harding pardoned him he ran for president in a jail cell and got a million votes It created radical politics it aimed specifically at the labor unions because of their views I Usally the supreme court was seen as a wise old man to bring us back to our senses to prevent mob rule however in this period they didn t strike down any of these radical laws But they do eventually get overtumed I It peaks at 1919 with the red scare in the summer of this a man sends letter bombs to members in DC that were strong on antiwar movements a general A Mitchell Palmer mentor to J Edgar Hoover was nearly killed and it motivated to get rid of the radical politics going on in the US They formed a red division which was pretty much the FBI They were called Palmer raids to get rid of these radical groups but many arrested were off the hook since they were just innocent Some were saying that the raids were intense and the communists weren t that intense he predicted May 1 will have a communist revolution but Palmer was wrong I Overall progressivism labor unions disappear because of the War and Red Scare The 20s was a decade of partying instead to get rid of the unstable decades before