Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Intro to Cultural Anthropology ANTH 114
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brown Boehm on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 114 at George Mason University taught by Cortney Rinker in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/215135/anth-114-george-mason-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
9711 Last Week Recap o A geologist who argued the earth is 500000 years oldLyell o Developed Social Darwinism Spencer 0 What is Morgan s model of unilineal evolution based on religion 0 Scholar who does not conduct fieldworkarmchair anthropologist o Boaz developed this type of model of evolution multilineal Cultural Relativism ncommensurability 0 Not every feature value quality etc is going to be easily understood by someone in another culture 0 Laura Bohanna llShakespeare in the Bushquot 0 There isn t a universal understanding to hamlet 0 Participants had different interpretations of the work 0 Star Trek Darmok 0 Comparing in metaphors and shows that there is no universal understanding between the two characters because they are from two different places Franz Boas 0 Father of American of anthropology o Boas argued that cultures are just different 0 Cultural relativism serves as a means of counteracting ethnocentric tendencies 0 Pg 10 o A method 0 Cultures didn t evolve along the same path or at the same pace 0 Multilineal Evolution 0 Need to understand cultures each culture in its own terms 0 Margaret Mead 0 Student of Boas 0 Wanted t o prove Adolescence is not universal o Studied in Samoa 0 Avatar 0 How does the film avatar relate to our discussion of cultural relativism I He starts to understand and experience through that culture I He learns that the tree is more than just land I Connection of energy flows 0 Tree the mineral deposit Claims of Cultural Relativism 0 Different cultures have different moral codes 0 What may be right in one culture may be wrong in another culture and vice versa 0 Nai39ve to think that everyone shares our ideas of morality 0 Challenges our belief in objectivity and universality of moral truth 0 No universal truth in ethic 0 Various cultural codes 0 The moral code of society determines what is right within that society alone 0 Arrogant to judge conduct of other people 0 Encourages an attitude of tolerance Challenges to Cultural Relativism 0 Not able to critically examine or condemn social practices ie society waging war on its neighbors to acquire gain slaves 0 Could declare actions as right or wrong just be consulting the standards of our society 0 Idea of moral progress called into question Cultural Relativism 0 Important in inquire why people do or do not do things 0 Some moral rules all societies have in common ie murder o In order to keep existing 0 Right and wrong do exist but in different forms 0 Explanation of why they are wrong or right 0 What we can learn from cultural relativism 0 Danger of assuming our preferences are based on an absolute standard 0 Keep an open mind Eskimos 0 Live in settlements in northern fringes of North America and Greenland 0 Early 20 h century explorers discovered they have customs different than our own eg ideas of marriage 0 llLess regard or human lifequot 0 Infanticides o Knud Rasmussen an explorer one women bore 20 children and killed 10 of them 0 Female babies liable to be killed permitted by parents no signal 0 Disturbing revelations to the general public 0 Some arguments 0 Eskimos accept infanticide in certain situations whereas Americans believe infanticide is immoral