Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Intro to Cultural Anthropology ANTH 114
Popular in Course
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brown Boehm on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 114 at George Mason University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see /class/215137/anth-114-george-mason-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Mason University.
Reviews for Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/28/15
La VTwst ETam teview m de ANTHH Trencher Howdy Here is the review guide for the rst exam The purpose of the study guide is to help you focus on the kinds of questions and material that are likely to be covered on the real exam which is now scheduled for TUESDAY February 24 2009 The same questions will not appear on the exam itself unless we make a mistake Please do not use review guide as a substitute for more general study This will not work to your best advantage The recommended way to usc this study guide is to take a look at it for general areas 39do your studying then come back and answer the questions and check your answers It is especially useful to go back to find out why an answer your chose was not correct and my the correct answer is the one to choose Hopefully you will do this early enough to get in touch if you have questions Also if you think an answer that you chose is a better answer than the one on the answer key let me know I may agree with you and that will help everyone 39 These questions are drawn from areas likely to be covered but 1 is not guaranteed to be all inclusive ie we may have covered areas in class that are not a focus here and 2 if we do not cover general areas or chapters from which questions are drawn prior to the actual exam they will not be included Areas is meant to be read in a general way What s houid you study Chapters 1 and 2 All lecture material 1 Archaeologists mostly study aquot rocks I behalllwrasw tlw quot c dinosaurs d how sounds combine to make up languages 39 2 Which of the following is NOT one of the four main types of anthromg WW W WW 39amf m gai Q ml i b cultural anthropology c anthropological linguistics d archaeology 3 Homo Sapiens sapiens a arewggg considered39blyy anthropologists to be animals brimquotin gt 39iy sdqiaaniw c defeated Homo Sapiens neandertalensis in battle d are the rst real humans on earth 4 The ability of Homo Erectus to control re a allowed them to give a big dinner party b enabled them to extend their geographic range ltm ideite i iegst h utatt ig d made it possible to cook Homo Habilis before serving 539 Peppered moths living near Manchester England were found both in black and gray varieties with the gray form more common prior to the 19th century By the end of the 19th century the gray form had almost completely disappeared and the black form had become predominant This case is a good example of evolutionary change through the process of quot a adaptive reproduction b fertility r39a tig s wm 25 5139atwragljislel cti9 1 tness 6 According to anthigpglogivsts zhthe concept of race W 39 39 9quot quota W if M ar gm bsen f0 ildgiowbegms equa forscz 9t3 ca1mn9anlngfql iclas si catimpfiw f b has great scienti c utility but no political implications c is agreed on by both biological and cultural anthropologists to be Very useful in analyzing human behavior d is outdated there are no patterned biological variations in the human species 7 The nonhuman animals most likely to be studied by anthropologists are a rodents b dinosaurs mammals 1 domestic pets 8 Some members of a population assume genetic dominance and are more likely to pass on their genes than other members of the population Scientists call this a organicdevelopment b social gmlutiglw selgctidn 1 good luck 9 Which of the following is FALSE in the process in the development of the current distribution of land mass on earth a a climatic conditions have changed over time L p hbtww atilwe 3iEOWquotretznlogzci i26 quot3339 continent39si hav engv inja xed I pamtlog hmygh rpe c there was one huge land mass that eventually broke apart 1 the factors contributing to continental movement are still signi cant and land masses continue to move 10 Humans have been the dominant species on earth for approximately 15 million years a true 39 bgN f lsi r 1 1 From the point of view of evolution a humans and apes are part of the same species biliumam fgbn e p39 c humans and apes have a Common ancestor from whom they split millions of years ago d apes are simply another form of human 12 Anthropologists are generally responsible for discovering that a humans are closely related to apes b race and culture are independent of each other e not taking cultural differences into account can lead to misunderstanding 39dfl 39lli th gf R 13 Specialists interested in the physical remains are human ancestors are called a archaeologists bwgult ural anthropologists l bi61 gi alw n ith b i sf d boneheads 14 Charles Darwin proposed that natural selection was the mechanism behind evolution For Darwin natural selection a worked by transmission of learned characteristics from parents to offsprigigmw w kids 8 g sim gcciirsgjzerg zzqzam 0 took place in some parts of the world but not others d took place in sudden rapid spurts 1 5 Anthropologists recognize that some cultures are inherently superior to others a2 true 25 tag 16 An anthropologist who uses cultural data to critique theiplans for a development project in Northern Ohio is a arbiological anthropologist b wearing a heavy jacket Mglottochronologist d doi ig ap ed39 anmopolg af 17 Compared to Homo Sapiens sapiens Neandertals Homo Sapiens Ineandertalensis a had short legs and a shuf ing worked Bowie not eggpterglylb ngq x 39Ct ibad big fae Ssa9dJarge jaws d were unable to communicate with each other 18 Besides humans the primate that seems torbe most capable of making and using tools is a This is a trick question because there are no other primates besideihumansjhatumake tools g imwz s c lizards d monkeys 19 Which of the following correctly best describes how Anthropology compares with other elds that study human beingggw M W WM Amw Lat 5Anthquot590168ampismltif divasetinathe toxi ic it ndert39ake to m pm stigiiy I b Anthropology studies each aspect of the human condition in isolation from other aspects Anthropology is highly specialized in its focus 39 Anthropologists study each aspect of the human condition only in its own particular history and context 00 20 A basic idea in Anthropology is that human behavior is largely shapsdm ym w faaltm b Ideal culture 0 Cultural relativism d Cultural integration 22 Australopithecines a had a much wider geographic range than humans 13 wemotmi iq c built huts and used complex tools d were not fully bipedal 23 24 The larger group of animals from which humans eventually emerged shared an evolutionary history which included the development of a set of interrelated traits For example the eyes of all these animals moved to the which gave them vision a stereoscopic b olfactory cjidss 9ftth b 29 51 3313quot 9 336 head 5 25 26 These animals developed an increased k which coordinated movements of the eyes and a sense of smell b claws quotWW r quot39f v gt 223m gapeW dwlagpds39 27 28 The arrangement of bear skulls and burial of the dead suggests that had some form of a Homo Sapiens sapiens b earlywriting catwpglitical leaders H fnoi 39 pimg mn Vd39 mamas 29 30 Spear throwing and is taken as evidence by physical anthropologists that i had an increased symbolic capacity over earlier forms of humans a W00d carving 39 b Homo Sapiens modernus WW Nw 2 c Cave painting 3 a 5 3 quotvquot W WWQ damm apwsssapzease e Crop cincles 31 One of the reasons bipedalism is seen as important by anthropologists is because 391 r e p km f b it contributed to the economy through shoe manufacture c it created a superior race d it allowed humans to run faster 32 When horses are mated with donkeys they produce mules Mules are notfertile and cannot produce their own offspring This demonstrates that horses and donkeys are members of different aggloms bgslsgcieE 0 families 1 stables 33 The process of human evolution a was completed approximately 2 mya b was completed approximately 90000 BP cigisga fagg gis ed d is the product of social engineering 34 Which of the following statements is true about performance on IQ tests a IQ tests measure innate mental capacity 15 all blacks and Native Americans perform less well on these tests than the average white person providing evidence that there are biologically based differences 0 most standard IQ tests are carefully constructed so that socioeconomic class does not affect performance d Elgg39b stgpagedictgn of IQmscqxgsif gsgbioe nbzgigja s 35 DNA classi cation places humans as more closely related to apes than apgsqa rgito monkeys h true b false 3 l 4quot ANT H l Trencher Final Exam mm evade Greetings Anthropology 114 Students Below is the review guide for the nal exam Please remember that the review guide is meant to provide examples of the kinds of questions and subject matter youwill nd on your nal exam but don t limit your studying to only the questions found below Questions on the nal will come from materials since Exam 2 which include o All material covered in lectures Material that we discussed that is not in your text includes economic theory and the society of the Trobriand islanders for example 0 The following chapters from the text book 0 Chapter 9 Exchange and Economic Systems 5 Chapter 10 amp ll Kinship and Descent reading just one ofquot these will suf ce 0 Chapter 12 Religion and Worldview o EReserves Marriages and Families on EReserves password is human Please remember to use your class notes as a guide for the chapters Subject matters within the chapters that have not been covered in class will NOT be used as a basis for questions on the exam I 0 The Forest People 0 Material about the Forest People has been part of many of the lectures during the semester As noted in class the entire book should be read and questions can and will be drawn from material throughout the book It is not necessary to know names of people 39 There are samples of questions taken from the Forest People in the review guide but as stated during the semester there will be AT LEAST 10 questions taken from this work on the exam A Good luck everyone Josh 39 Economic anthropologists who study small scale horticultural societies and argue that they can best be understood in terms of relationships of redistribution and reci ocity rather than through market derived principles are probably Neoclassical economists NeeMarxist economists Substantivist economists Formal economists An important mction of balanced reciprocity in societies in which it is a dom39 t mode of exchange is to n create and cement social and economic alliances b build up the power of the state c expand the technological base of a society d build up the economic resources of some families at the expense of other families In capitalist economies the predominant mode of exchange is a redistribution Market c Return for credit if you have your receipt 1 Negative reciprocity 4 All of the following are typically functions of marriage EXCEPT a linking of families b exchange of goods and services CS encburaging romantic love 1 ensuring responsibility for raising children 5 Anthropologists spend so much time studying kinship because they want to nd out who their relatives are WKinship is the only institution of any importance among tribal people Kinship networks have been the basis of social political and economic life 1 in many societies 3Ldquot They want to understand the biological connections that hold people 1 together 6 Stand dized relationships such as avoidance and joking are likely to represent relationships in which social disruptions are likely to occur b economic class c social class d relationships in which people are not sure what to say to each other it 7 Which of the following is NOT one of the ways in which the Mbuti resolve co ict ridicule b laughter loud voices formal Village meetings 8 In a patrilineal society a women always have very few rights rb children must avoid their mother s relatives 2 men always marry their parallel cousins 9 People trace their signi cant kinship relationships through the male line 9 In societies where kinship networks are the basis of economic and social life which of the following is a typical responsibility of kinship groups unishment of wrong doers b policing of the community weconduct of trials 4f formulation of laws 10 In a tn39lineal society the political leader of the village is likely to have inherited his position Is likely to be the oldest man in the Village c Is likely to be a member of one of the older generations of males in the village d Grants speci c favors to ensure his election 11 Which of the following is NOT part of the anthropological de nition of marriage priority of sexual access Must be monogamous c Involves a transfer or ow of rights Often represents a contract between corporate groups I 12 Unilineal descent groups ie matrilineal patrilineal may do all of the following EXCEPT a manage communal property b regulate marriage organize for warfare form kin groups based on individual choices 13 Which form of exchange requires a central authority to organize it a market exchange redistribution negative reciprocity generalized reciprocity 139 o I l I 14 Which statement about the incest taboo is true l quot u C someties have them because people recognize that inbreeding lS potentially harmful to offspring All human societies extend the incest taboo to include rst cousins All known human societies prohibit mating between parents and children The incest taboo must be backed up by written laws I 15 E yserves to create ties between families of different socioeconomic classes Create ties between different occupational groups Reinforce ties between members of the same group Extend ties to different groups 16 In anthropology marriage between one woman and more than one man is called a polygyny b Group marriage 0 A great idea Polyandry 17 Among matrilineal peoples a man is most likely to inherit rights of access to resources through his father b aughter other 0 brother 18 Which of the following is NOT a necessary part of a de nition of economics a production b Distribution c Redistribution Forced employment 19 An important factor that might restrict the number of wives a man can have in societies that permit more than one wife is His personality His ability to accumulate suf cient resources to provide bridewealth for his additional wives His sexual technique The willingness of women to tolerate cowives Mm 39dea that individuals act to maximize pro ts I 89 is a basic assumption of neoclassical economics v Is easy to demonstrate for all societies 1 Is typical of most non Western societies 1 Is thought by anthropologists to be true in most cultures 21quotW hich fthe following is FALSE about life in Mbuti society Women generally go to live with their husband s family Loud voices are respected The forest is a kind of mother T Women are afraid of the molimo 39l 22 Every year Tom and Nancy exchange gifts that are of about equal value This is an ple of Balanced reciprocity Negative reciprocity l Generalized reciprocity A bad habit 23 Which of the following modes of exchange is generally dominant in industrial societies a Generalized exchange b Supply and demand 9 Market exchange 1 Fair exchange 24 Women s status tends to be higher in Societies with complex political and social hierarchies like the United States Societies in which Western ideas have been important Societies in which women are seen to substantially contribute to subsistence activities 1 Advanced societies 25 Mark and Mary are siblings Their children John and Joe are a Parallel cousins First cousins once removed Cross cousins dd First cousins who ought to be removed 26 A primary function of ceremonies like the nkumbi and elima is to incorporate children into adult roles and responsibilities 1 control the sexual urges of adolescents teach adolescents the technical skills they will need in adulthood d isolate adolescents from society at a time when their behavior would be most disruptive anEmm ANTHM Thmawr r CABOCADDACBDBCDDCDBADACCCA QL2345amp1amp90L23456 11234567009 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1112222222
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'