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Introductory AstrSolar System

by: Khalil Sawayn

Introductory AstrSolar System ASTR 111

Marketplace > George Mason University > Astronomy > ASTR 111 > Introductory AstrSolar System
Khalil Sawayn
GPA 3.83


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Class Notes
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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Khalil Sawayn on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ASTR 111 at George Mason University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see /class/215143/astr-111-george-mason-university in Astronomy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 09/28/15
ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 14 Dec 4 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy Final Review Final exam 730 PM to 1015 PM on Dec 182006 100 multiplechoice questions 17 chapters from Chap 1 to Chap 17 For each chapter all sections are covered except those explicitly excluded For each chapter all boxes are excluded except those explicitly included Chap 1 Astronomy and the Universe 8 sections excluding 12 13 14 18 11 Scientific methods hypothesis model theory and laws of physics 15 Angular measure angular diameter angular size angular distance 16 Powersoften notation 17 Units of astronomical distances AU light year parsec Chap 2 Known the Heavens 8 sections excluding 26 28 covering box 21 and box 22 21 Ancient civilization positional astronomy 22 Constellations 23 Diurnal motion of stars Earth rotation Annual motion of stars Earth orbital motion Polaris 24 Celestial sphere celestial equator celestial poles zenith Box 21 celestial coordinates right ascension declination 25 Seasons tilt of Earth s axis of rotation ecliptic plane two reasons of why summer is hotter or winter is colder equinoxes vernal and autumn solstices summer and winter Sun s daily path 27 Timekeeping meridian noon apparent solar day mean sun mean solar day time zone universal time Box 22 sidereal time sidereal day Chap 3 Eclipses and the Motion of the Moon 6 sections excluding 36 31 Phases of the Moon new waxing crescent first quarter waxing gibbous full waning gibbous third quarter waning crescent and new the cause of the phases 32 Synchronous rotation of Moon synodic month 295 days sidereal month 273 days 33 Solar and lunar eclipses causes and configurations 34 Lunar eclipses umbra penumbra totality 35 Solar eclipses eclipse path totality Chap 4 Gravitation and the Waltz of the Planets 8 sections excluding 43 41 Ancient geocentric models direct motion retrograde motion of planets Ptolemaic systems cycles on cycles deferent epicycle 42 Heliocentric model of Copernicus explanation of retrograde motion planetary configuration Inferior planets elongation evening stars morning stars superior planets conjunction opposition synodic period sidereal period of planets 44 Kepler s three laws of planetary motion first law of shape of orbit second law of orbital speed perihelion aphelion third law of orbital period and size P2a3 45 Galileo s usage of telescope phases of Venus 46 Newton s three laws of motion first law of inertial second law of force Fma third law of action and reaction 47 Newton s law on universal gravitation orbital motion caused by gravitational force conic sections 48 Tidal force high tide low tide spring tide neap tide Chap 5 The Nature of Light 9 sections all covered box 51 and box 55 51 Speed of light 52 Wave property of light Electromagnetic radiation different types of electromagnetic radiation wavelength frequency color 53 Blackbody Blackbody radiation Box 51 three temperature scales 54 V en s law on wavelength of maximum emission Stefan Boltzmann s law on total energy of blackbody radiation 55 Dual properties of light particle and wave 56 Spectral lines Kirchhoff s laws on spectrum continuous spectrum emission line spectrum and absorption line spectrum 57 Structure of atom Box 55 periodic table 58 Bohr s model of atom orbit and energy level emission absorption 59 Doppler effect red shift and blue shift Chap 6 Optics and Telescopes 7 sections excluding 64 66 61 Refraction Refraction telescope focal point lightgathering power magnifying power 62 Reflection telescope objective mirror 63 Angular resolution diffraction limit seeing 65 Spectrograph grating 67 Telescope in orbit Optical window radio window advantages in orbit Chap 7 Comparative Planetology I Our Solar System 8 sections excluding 73 78 71 Solar system Terrestrial planets versus Jovian planets in size mass density and composition 72 Seven large satellites 74 Chemical composition Light elements heavy elements lces in the solar system 75 Asteroids comets 76 lmpact craters meteoroids geologic activity internal heat 77 Magnetic field of planets core of conducting fluid dynamo Chap 8 Comparative Planetology II the Origin of Our Solar System 6 sections excluding 86 81 Requirements of solar system model 82 Abundance of Chemical elements Origins of H and He and heavy elements interstellar medium 83 Solar system age radioactive agedating 84 Solar nebula hypothesis protosun 85 Protoplanetary disk condensation temperature ice particles planetesimals protoplanets Chap 9 The Living Earth all 7 sections 91 Active Earth Three sources of energy Greenhouse effect Greenhouse gas 92 Earth s interior structure crust mantle and core outer and inner cores seismic waves 93 Plate tectonics Pangaea Asthenosphere lithosphere Seafloor spreading subduction Earthquake 94 Earth s magnetosphere solar wind 95 Earth s atmosphere Composition Nitrogen and Oxygen Effects of living organism Photosynthesis and oxygen 96 Temperature profiles troposphere and convection stratosphere and ozone 97 Earth s biosphere Global warming Ozone hole Chap 10 Our Barren Moon 5 sections excluding 104 101 Surface Craters Terrae Maria 102 Manned exploration 103 Interior No plate tectonics 105 Formation Collisionejection theory Tidal force Chap 11 Mercury 4 sections 111 Difficulty in observing Mercury 112 Rotation 32 spinorbit coupling 113 Surface No plate tectonics No atmosphere 114 Interior Large core Chap 12 Venus 6 sections 121 Morning Star Evening Star Elongation 122 Retrograde rotation of Venus 123 Thick atmosphere High temperature Sulfuric acid clouds 124 Hotspot volcanism Clouds 125 Climate evolution Venus versus Earth Recycle of greenhouse gases Runaway greenhouse effect 126 Surface Volcanism and Interior no plate tectonics Chap 13 Mars 8 sections excluding 136 137 and 138 131 Best observation of Mars opposition 132 Illusion of seasonal color changes Canal illusion 133 Surface Craters Volcanoes Olympus Mons Dichotomy southern highlands versus northern lowlands 134 Water on Mars Polar ice caps Frozen water 135 Climate evolution Atmosphere Runaway icehouse effect Frozen water Locked carbon dioxide Chap 14 Jupiter and Saturn 12 sections excluding 145 14814111412 141 Orbital motion opposition Cloudtop Dark belts Light Zones Great Red Spot 142 Differential rotation of Jupiter and Saturn 143 Atmosphere Composition hydrogen and helium Saturn s helium deficiency Great Red Spot 144 Energy of atmospheric motion Internal energy source Temperature gradient 146 Oblateness Core lnternal structure of Jupiter and Saturn 147 Magnetic field Liquid metallic hydrogen 149 Saturn s rings Rings and gaps 1410 Ring s composition Ring particles Roche Limit Chap 15 Satellites of Jupiter and Saturn 10 sections excluding 155 157 1510 151 Jupiter s Galilean satellites lo Europe Ganymede Callisto Synchronous rotations 152 Relative density and composition of the four Galilean satellites 153 Origin of the Galilean satellites Jovian nebula 154 lo Volcanoes Tidal heating 156 Europe World of water ice Geological activity Tidal heating 158 Titan Atmosphere and appearance of Titan 159 Jupiter s small moons Capture of asteroids Chap 16 Uranus Neptune and Pluto 9 sections excluding 165 166 167 168 161 Chance discovery of Uranus Predicted discovery of Neptune 162 Uranus s atmosphere High concentration of Methane color Unusual rotation axis Exaggerated seasonalchange 163 Neptune s atmosphere Dynamic atmosphere Great Dark Spot Internal heat Gravitational contracting 164 Internal structure of Uranus and Neptune rocky core liquid waterammonia liquid hydrogenhelium atmosphere 169 Pluto Charon Kuiper Belt Pluto not a planet any more


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