Trans Syst Security and Safety
Trans Syst Security and Safety CEIE 686
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CEIE 686499 Transportation System Security and Safety Highway Systems Dept of Civil Environmental amp Infrastructure Engineering CEIE George Mason University September 16 2008 The success and safety of the transportation system combined with the perceived number of parallel routes can lead to the conclusion that the transportation system is so robust that it is not susceptible to significant disruption by terrorist attack In the opinion of the BRP members this conclusion is incorrect The actions of terrorists can impose critical damage to some bridges and with explosive forces exert loads that exceed those for which components are currently being designed Worse yet in some cases the loads can be in ithedopposite direction of the conventional design oa s Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FHWA and AASHTO September 2003 Critical Bridges and Tunnels 600000 bridges in the United States 1000 where substantial casualties economic disruption and other societal ramifications would result from isolated attacks 337 highway tunnels and 211 transit tunnels many are located beneath bodies of water limited alternative routes Replacement of major span could cost 1 758 5year disruption multiplies impact many times Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Bridge and Tunnel Security Issues Policy Investment Priorities Institutional Continuity Planning Design amp Engineering Design Review for Secure Structures RampD Needed to Support Design for Security Design Criteria Design Specifications Management and Operations Best Practices Practice Review Institutional Relationships Preparedness Personnel and Vehicle Security CommunicationOutreach Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Threats Conventional explosives eg shape charges Explosively formed penetrating devices EFP kinetic energy penetrators Handheld cutting devices Truck sizebarge size conventional explosives Chemicalbiological agents released in tunnels Incendiary conventional explosives HAZMAT release in tunnels Intentional ramming via ship or barge Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 LOP 1 Pier Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AASHTO September 2003 Table 3 Magnitude ofThreats Threat Type Largest Pmsible Highest Pmbabilitf Cenventienal explosives Trutk39 10300 lbs Car hemb39quot EDD lbs Barge 40000 lbs Collisien ED SEI UE39EUI E lie the size Truth IGUDDU lbs Truth HIB of a vehicle that could collide with GVW Water 1fessel see MSHTCI spec a structure WaterVessel depends en waterway LRFD on s39essel impact Fire Largest existing fuel er Baseline truth 332 propane tank Fuel barge Largest del vessel or tanker Clgn icali39biglpgj nl HAZMAT These threats exist however the panel is net qualified to quantify them Therefereother experts should assess these threats in this way Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AASHTO September 2003 Damage from Attack Threats to the integrity of the structure resulting in replacement or major repairs Damage that inhibits the structure s functionality for an extended period of time such as closure for 30 days or more Contamination of a tunnel resulting in extended closure or loss of functionality Catastrophic failure resulting from an attack based on the threats described above Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 TwoTier Approach to Security Prioritization Datadriven approach such as that used by TxDOT National Bridge Inventory NBI provides much of the data additional data from owners and operators Risk Assessment R O V Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Prioritization Criteria Potential for mass casualty based on Average Daily Traffic ADT and associated peak occupancies Criticality to emergency evacuation and response Military or defense mobilization Alternative routes with adequate available capacity Potential for extensive media exposure and public reaction symbolic value Mixeduse bridges and tunnels where highway and rail are colocated Potential for collateral damage land marine rail including collateral property and utilities Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Prioritization Criteria llaximum single span length and replacement Ime Commercial vehicle vs passenger vehicle mix and volume as a surrogate for economic impact Bridge or tunnel dimensions as a surrogate for replacement timecost Significance of revenue streams eg tolls fares associated with the facility Bridges and tunnels at international border crossmgs Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Risk Assessment R O V Risk Occurrence Probability target attractiveness level of security access to the site publicity if attacked numberof priorthreats Vulnerability Expected economic losses l Importance Subjective scalar 030 II V Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AASHTO September 2003 Policy and Planning Potential choices for dealing with risks associated with bridges and tunnels in general terms include the following Acceptance no action Mitigation retrofit operational changes add redundant facilities Transfer insurance selfinsurance or other financial instruments Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Sixstep Process for Risk Assessment and Mitigation 1 Use R OVI model to assess relative risks of structures 2 Determine the acceptability of consequences 3 If the consequences are unacceptable a Mitigate the Threat lessen the attractiveness deny access b Mitigate the Consequence reduce damages 4 Estimate the cost of mitigating the threat or consequence 5 Recalculate R based on recommended mitigation 6 Compare the costs and benefits risk reduction of varying mitigation combinations and strategies Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AASHTO September 2003 Mitigating Threats Establish a secure perimeter using physical barriers Inspection surveillance detection and enforcement closed circuit television CCTV Visible security presence Minimize time on target Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Mitigating Consequences Three basic approaches to blast resistant design increasing standoff distances structural hardening of members higher acceptable levels of risk Often utilizing a percentage of each strategy is optimal Add Design Redundancy HardenStrengthen the Elements of the Structure Develop an Accelerated Response and Recovery Plan Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FHWA and AASHTO September 2003 Research and Development Assess performance of critical elements under credible loads including load reversals Validate and calibrate models with experiments to better understand structural behavior from blast loads Validate and calibrate models with experiments to better understand structural behavior from thermal loads Determine the residual functionality of bridge and tunnel systems and their tolerance for extreme damage Develop mitigation measures and hardening technologies Develop RampD programs for students and bridge professionals to address security concerns Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Appendix A Countermeasure Options Planning and coordination emergency operations plancrISIs management plan Concept of operations Sequence of events that should occur for an effective response Establishment of a mobile command center Evacuation and shutdown procedures Removal plan for damaged equipment and structural elements Regular updates Regular drills tabletop exercises nonotice responses Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FHWA and AASHTO September 2003 Appendix A Countermeasure Options Information control Review and sanitize websites for information that may be beneficial to terrorists balanced with the need for information shanng Establish a common classification system for sensitive information Site layout measures Improved lighting with emergency backup Creative landscaping to increase standoff distance Elimination of access to critical areas Review of locations of trashcans or other storage areas that could conceal explosive devices Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 Appendix A Countermeasure Options Access controldeterrent measures Police patrol and surveillance Exterior and interior intrusion detection systems Point sensors critical connections Higher level of identification procedures for personnel and external contractors Deniedlimited access to critical structural elements Rapid removal of abandoned vehicles Retrofit Options Reinforcing welds and bolted connections Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer CFRP hoop wraps on concrete columns Increasing the size of abutment seats Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AASHTO September 2003 Threat Level Based Measures Source Recommendations for Bridge and Tunnel Security FH WA and AA SH TO September 2003 CEIE 686499 Transportation System Security and Safety Metro Area Security Initiatives Dept of Civil Environmental amp Infrastructure Engineering CEIE George Mason University Fall 2008 Contents New York Fairfax VA Los Angeles Richmond VA San Francisco Charlotte MTA 0 Durham BART Gastonia NC Washington DC Buffalo Alexandria VA Boise Arlington VA New York s Improvements on Transportation Security September 9 2008 CEIE 499 Nair Deheza New York s Metropolitan Transportation Authority Antiterrorism campaigns MTA Unveils Anti Terror Advertisements Round of Print Television Poster TV ADD http mtainfomtaadsmtabackpackmpg httpwwwmtanyr ny a min liqampeii 0809lOHQ32 quotThe Eyes of New Yorkquot Ad Campaign The Eyes of New Yor There are 16 million eyes in the city We39re counting on all of themquot quotYou use your eyes He39ll use his nosequot http wwwmt71nytnyuimtznewsnewsroomeyei etuiityhtm New York City Of ce of Emergency Management NY OElVI OEM 7 plans 7 prepares for emergencies 7 educates 7 coordinates DRILLS amp EXERCISES 7 Penn Station Drill 7 Trifecta eld exercise DRquotme hmn22 nyc gWhtxnlmammmUabam dlslpennistauan shtml http hom32 nyc govhtmloemhtmlaboutdnllsimfecta shtml NYCMTA Introduces New Hazmat Response Vehicle Hazardous Materials Response Truck Key mobile resource and support center for the Department of Security s Hazardous Materials team Carry specialized HazMat equipment and up to 10 highly trained NYC Transit Hazardous httpwwwmtainfomtanewsreleasesimageshazmatitmckZJpg Materials team members Improving Ferry Security With Higher Technology Explosives Detection 0 Transportation Security Administration TSA amp New York City Department of Transportation NYC DOT are testing advanced explosive detection technology 0 Wave technology is employed to screen passengers for personborne explosives before they board the ferry 0 Because the technology does not use whole body imaging privacy issues are not be a concern http www tsa govpressreleases2007pressireleas3704032007 shtm New York Police Department aids in NYC transportation security htzp wwwnydvanEwsraWing200WZZ galisubwayrlipg The NYPD s goals are to secure potential terrorism targets implementing the Transit Canine Unit Teams of police officers patrol the busiest sections of New York City subways daily The team is comprised of a sergeant five officers and a bombsniffing dog that will circulate each day on subway platforms and trains 39 Mm NYC Community Emergency Response Teams CERTs New Yumk City CDMMNHITY EMEEl 393anl39 llquotIF RESPONSE TEAM 0 Groups of neighborhood and communitybased volunteers 0 Undergo training program in Disaster preparedness Basic response skills http wwwnyc govhtml oemhtml get jrepared cert shtml Trans Alert 0 Trans Alerts are short emails sent by the New York State Department of Transportation N YSDOT via New York State Emergency Management Office s NYALERT system 0 System is designed to provide the public with information about the transportation networ The four severity levels Extreme Major Moderate Minor Assignment 1 Report on What the City of Los Angeles is doing to improve the security of its transportation system CEIE 686 Transportation System Security and Safety Prepared by David Doniger September 9 2008 Brief Overview Statistics amp Demographics 0 2nd most populous city in US 402 million 0 City spans 470 square miles Principal city in metro region 0 Ports of Los Angeles amp Long Beach combined are 1 in US shipped amp received volume httptraf cinfolacityorg httpWWWlacityorgcaoAppendiX7Apdf Emergency Preparedness Emergency Management Department reestablished in June 2000 Control and manage emergency preparations Control and manage response activities Control and manage recovery activities Ensure that the needs of all citizens are met Coordinates interdepartmental preparedness planning training amp recovery Liaison with municipalities state federal amp private UpDateLA Online Community Advisory httpWWWlacityorgemdepdepd2 1 141144 Emergency Preparedness cont d Community Preparedness and Training Operations Emergency Operations Center EOC State of CA Standardized Emergency Management System SEMS Planning Emergency Operations Master Plan with Procedures amp Annexes Administrative Budget amp Finance Hi Hazards amp Threats from Emergency Mana ement Plan gh Risk Hazards Earthquakes Terrorism Brush res Floods Health Issues Civil Unrest HazMat Incidents Mo erate Risk Hazards Drought Special Events Severe Weather DamReservoir Failure Critical Infrastructure Interruption Low Risk Hazards Tsunami Landslide Mudslide High Rise Fires Radiological IncidentAccident Critical Infrastructure Interruptions Annex Transportation DOT is to coordinate with or maintains liaison with transportation service providers suppliers and regulators gtDOT gtPrivate oil gas and steam pipeline gtDepartment of Water amp Power gtDepartment of Public Works gtRai1f03d gtCaltfan5 gtPolice Department gtMetropolitan Transportation Authority gtFire Department gtPfiVat AmbUIanCe gtCalifornia Highway Patrol h ivynA A Tiny Anl Types of Transportation Interruptions Traf c Signal 4500 intersections could go dark DOT s Automated Traf c Surveillance and Control ATSAC System controls timing of 3000 traf c signals and all of DOT s network of closed circuit cameras Transit Services DASH amp Commuter Express Taxicab Services Medical Transportation Services Pipelinesoil natural gas amp steam Rail Road Crossings Analysis Command and control in emergency response best organized at LOCAL level and supplemented by STATE then FEDERAL Interoperability of communication systems no data located on this initiative Emergency Response Exercises table top and simulations are conducted frequently spoke with Allen Pijuan with LACity EMD Conclusions LA has many constituencies to consider with transportation security Emergency response appears to be good on paper Not enough data on how LA s plans work in practice Very little literature on the Security of the Ports and intermodal transport of freight Transportation Security in the City of San Francisco By Paul Jenkins About San Francisc Oregon P 5 can a o Peninsula surrounded by the Pacific Ocean Golden Gate Strait and the San Francisco Bay Population over 760000 0 One of the highest densities of the United States with over 16000sq mi Shares the bay area region with eight other counties httpmapsgooglecomlmaps I Transportation in San Francisco Three major freeways Two Bridges Bay Bridge and Golden Gate Bridge Port of San Francisco consists over 90 piers MUNI system is the city s public transportation which includes cable car streetcar and bus systems BART Bay Area Rapid Transit Hazards and Threats Earthquakes are the most probable hazards There are many minor earthquakes that happen weekly in the state 0 Earthquakes may lead to extreme fires Well known city with an intemationally known landmark Golden Gate Bridge 907 Earthquakes on these maps Sal 52p 6 175533 UT 2003 l t t r r zl http Hearthquake usgs g0veqeenterreeenteqsusMaps 1989 Earthquake 69 Earthquake killed over 60 people This catastrophe was also made infamous for happening during a world series game A s vs Giants Interstate 880 was the doubledecker highway collapsed over 40 people killed Oakland Bridge had minor damage Several other roadways were damaged and closed off temporarily ifreeway Jpg http pubs usgs govgipZUUSl5mages g361pg DaytoDay Security Operations 0 Transportation Security Administration monitors the airport 0 US Customs and Border Agency monitors the Port of SFO on a daily basis a Emergency Plans City and County of San Francisco Emergency Response Plan Based on both federal NIMS NRP and state SEMS emergency plans The CCSF s Department of Emergency Management is responsible for the plan Depending on the incident the emergency plan states that the city may be in contact With the operational area the state or federal agencies CCSF Will communicate With the other adjacent counties Within the Operation Region in accordance With BayRICS or the Regional Interoperable Communications System Metropolitan Transportation Commission Flaming Financing and Coordinating Transportation for The NineCounty San Francisco Bay Area Joseph P Bort Metro Center 101 Eighth Street Oakland CA 94607 Presented and Prepared By Christopher Ellis September 9 2008 Counties Managed by The Metropolitan Transportation Commission 0 Alameda County Contra Costa County 0 Marin County Napa County 0 San Francisco CityCounty San Mateo County Santa Clara County 0 Solano County 0 Sonoma County http www mt ca govaboutimtcabout htm About The Region Covered By The Metropolitan Transportation Commission 0 9 counties 0 101 municipalities 20000 miles of local streets and roads 0 1400 miles of freeways 6 public ports 0 8 bridges 3 airports 500 million passengers a year 0 7 million people reside 7000 square miles 0 Transit agencies operating budget of 16 billion http wwwmtc ca govaboutimtcabouthtm Responsibilities of The Metropolitan Transportation Commission Plan the Bay Area Transportation Finance the Bay Area Transportation Coordinate the Bay Area Transportation Protect Bridges from Earthquakes Service Authority for Freeways Service Authority for Expressways a Oversees the Region wide network of freeway call boxes Oversees the Region wide network of roving tow trucks http Www mtc ca govaboutimtcabouthtm Partnership With Other Agencies Public transit operators County congestion management agencies City and county public works departments US Department of Transportation Environmental prote t39 39 Caltrans Ports mp www mm as guvabaulimtcahwuthtm Assisting Other Agencies 0 Hands on projects to promote ef cient operation and monitoring of the system 0 Technology to help coordinate traf c signal timing across city 0 Technology to help coordinate traf c signal timing across jurisdictional boundaries 0 To speed emergency vehicles access to res 0 To speed emergency vehicles access to traf c accidents 0 To increase traf c ows into and out of major events http WWW mtc ca gov aboutimtc ab outhtm V m Bay Area Rapid Trans Bay Area Rapid Transit BART Presented by Matthew Torres CEIE 686 September 10 2008 System Overview r Pmshn L Bay Poi htipIwwwbangav ggggw Mamm Plaisanh ll Wllnulcmk mm mwmmu m 51h Svonkhmd mm mm Cilacenlcmzm s m A ll 39 mm mm Dumw Pleasaulon san Franclsgo Inyemahonal AllporlSFO San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District Retrieved Sept 6 2008 BART FY 2006 Annual Report Bay Area Rapid Transit District Managed by Board of Directors elected from the nine BART Districts Over 330000 weekday Iiders BART System is valued as a public investment at 15 Billion Dollars 104 miles 0ftrack that service 43 stations in multiple counties Safety and Security Overview Terrorist Incidents occur 42 of the time on transit systems BART Police Public awareness campaigns Earthquake Safety Program Emergency response drills San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District Retrieved Sept 6 2008 Earthquake Safety Program Initiated a er the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake 33 EARTHQUAKE SAFETY PROGRAM r u 1 BUILDING A srnouazn svs m lt 9 m m Wide Vulnerability Study and recommendation ofmost cost effective solutions Priority of the program Was given to the Transbay Tube Construction Work to begin in 2008 and nish in 2013 In total 16 stations 22 miles of track d the Transbay Tube Will be retro t costing 13 Billion Working to reduce recovery from major earthquake from a potential 25 years to 2 Weeks BART 52mm Vulnerability Study KenneLhA Duron District Secretary PO Box 12688 Oakland CA San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District Retrieved Sept 6 2008 0 Established 1969 296 personnel 215 sworn of cers 9 explosive detecting K9 teams 0 Focus on community oriented policing 0 Provide a visual presence and deterrent at BART facilities Emergency call boxes go directly to call center 24 hours a day 0 Security cameras monitor for suspicious activity and vandalism for prevention and prosecution San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District Retrieved Sept 6 2008 Emergency Response Drills Annual Drills are run for a variety of scenarios In 2003 BART ran its first drill involving a weapon of mass destruction Members of local state and federal agencies participate Emergency Response simulated In a BART Dnll Whittrneyer Alicia The Daily Californian March 31 2003 08 San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit Distnct Retrieved September 6 20 BART 2007 Security Presentation Hartwaig Daniel Manager ofSecunty Programs BART Future Security Needs BART has over 250 million Dollars in Security needs not including the already millions already spent since 911 BART Of cials have pushed for transit systems gening a larger portion of federal security funding Need the continued participation of everyone to stay involved in the management 0 e security and safety needs San Francisco anArea Rapid Transit District Remsz Sept 5 2mm Phnm CamesyafDenms Maladn fmmWIlmpdu Washington DC Zahid Sha 09092008 Background Nations Capital nanwwwinnnneninooningnojg 39 Symbolic Landmarks Washington Monument Lincoln Memorial National Buildings Pentagon Capital Building White House Center of Tourism Past Incidents of Attack 911 District Response Plan ESP 1 District Response Plan ESF 1 Prima A enc District Department of Transportation Support Agencies Jurisdictions amp Organizations DC Housing Authority DC Housing Authority DC National Guard DC Public Schools DC Water and Sewer Authority Department of Employment Services Department of Health Department of Human Services Department of Mental Health Department of Parks and Recreation Department of Public Works Emergency Management Agency Fire and Emergency Medical Metropolitan Police Department Services Department Office of Personnel Office of the Chief Technology Officer Office on Aging Serve DC Federal Highway Administration Division Office Maryland Department of Maryland Transit Authority Transportation Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments PEPCO Virginia Department of Transportation Virginia Rail Express Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority District Respons Plan ESF 1 Purpose ht dkimages c views92455112314JPG Provide Traffic Management Coordinate Transportation Logistics Perform Normal Emergency Transportation Activities Report the Status of Transportation Infrastructure Restore the Status of Transportation Infrastructure District Response Plan ESF 1 Upon An Emergency Activate the emergency oncall roster Deploy transportation response teams Support agencies will execute their emergency response plans Immediately begin assessing the impact nding reports and initiate alternative traf csignaling District Response Plan ESF 1 Post Emergency Continue to monitor analyze and report on transportation network Coordinate on issues regarding evacuation accessibility for relief services and supplies Continue to coordinate with regional counterparts regarding traf csignal timing Works Cited City of Alexandria Virginia Transportation Security Plan Presented By Randall S 00th Ovenliew SR Large mm mm 7 mm mm or throw gnawed 7 input no humane m zmymmm ofSaplambu 11 2m mum pomnualfm my ambopme mm unify w m Marifmmgmml mummm anm all pha sofpmpamd a H GenHECumnIIy mm Canninlmnmn andclmmfthz ca Emergemy epnndmss Cam The history of 911 the Sniper Incident and Hurricane Katrina has changed the face of public safety in The City ofAlexandria Virginia 0Together the office of Homeland Security and The City of Alexandria39s Operational Preparedness HSOP coordinates information regarding potential threats against the City and its citizens from an all transportation hazards perspective This includes planning and preparation for incidents of interna oniu39 m natural or manmade City of Alexandria cmrehenme Trampomtian Mme Plan TRANSPORTATION UAD MAP cny Mlleundliu harlspomlvan Quadrant snnmwzsl COMMAND AND CONTROL I The City of Alexandria in cooperation with Arlington County39s Office of Emergency Management OEM and Homeland Security National Capital Regio provides Incident Comman service an disseminates information to the public as well as serve as a trusted voIce I The OEM immediately establishes a Joint Information Center IC to ensure that the multitude of agencies involved in the response will be able to coordinate all public messaging and control of the first responders I This type of command coordination will be Impe attire so as to avoid providing conflicting information to first COMMAND AND CONTROL The Joint Information Center JIC will mescene operation a Anziyze ifther M H i 4 inmzi mm are and 5 Conrdmztezii Grossmzssevzcuztion mmmzi emergency and decontamination As more regional and federal resources become vailable they will be integrated into the existing inci 39 response effort and structure to maIntain a unified in m wmo u n m iciues This command structure must be respected by first res ponder5 Texale g the government Command Control and Communications Veluc e GOMMHND GON39I39RO L 39MN EAT V Silull l janusnvndswurm hi nxmulm INTEROPERABILITY IIIv IArlington County Incorporates additional local state and federal resources into their emergency response teams IArlington County has a mutual aid system which enables them to have a regional response to any significant incident The ACFD has automatic aid agreements in which resources are shared on a dai y basis without regard tojurisdictional boundaries that involves relationships an interoperability with neighboringjurisdictions including the City of Alexandria Fairfax City Fairfax County Fort Belvoir Fort Myer and Reagan National Airport This mutual aid system has been in place for more than 30 and has resulted in strong relationships that have been built mutualtrust an share 39 Snulu mewWWW argnplaadsmwsrdncnmzmsBllZZEIEI EIQIZIEIAUIZ par Tha Arlinarnn nlmhl39 Inira rnmmlmiraf inn uld am are 5 COMMUNICATIONS m lt dEnU ca un card nfnrm 31mm fmm the card anamas Emergency rEspDnsE cummanderstu 1 secure y estabth the dEnmy uf EmergEncy rEspDndErS at the scene uf an mmdant z Dn rm ma quah catmns and ExpEmsE nf rst rEspDndErS aHuwmgmdent cummanderstu dwspatch mam qmaw and appmp atEW and mamaarax DuntErparts agEnmEs as WEN as nthar mummpahhes serch Wurkers as part cf the Hrs Respnnder pannarsmp nmawe 39 REHEARSAL OPERATIONS Homeland Securi National Capital Region ICR IVirginia Emergency response Training Exercise IHuman and Pet Shelter Drill 7 Operation Frosty Paws ILane Reversal Drill IEVac and Sheltering Drill ICapital Storm TTX 7 Military Preparedness Exercise CONTINUITY PLANNING SR NCR Continuity Planning Obj actives are to A W am me has m be adzqumlypnpued fax ememymms a N M h m Enad 1afpblwrcmrmmerNGOmmeem Anendnnng mm mm m NCRbypxevemng may umrmmnmmmm a 39Sh 39awuxenzss afnlzwm mmsand mm annmg andexcexcxses 9 manual Cnpatiw m upon magnum Theummate gual Wm beta build mgunai mpabilmesm menu 133de re umuun ur Snulu mewWWW axgnplaadsnzwsrdncnmzmsBllZZUU UQIZIUAUIZ par Arlington County Emergency Preparedness By Elena Rubaleava Arlington County Arlington County houses The Pentagon Arlington Cemetery 1 Reagan National Airport HmySystemSurmundmgPentagon 3 Shopping Malls Orange amp Blue Metro Lines 13951495 166 amp Several Bridges PentagonDestruetion Need for Security After the 911 attacks Arlington County Closed for 3 days most locations closed longer Mass exodus of Residents Halt of all major road systems In ux of military control of County facilities Public Uncertainty and Fear Pentagon Traffic Sept 11 2001 After 9 ll AfterAction 9 11 Report M Issued by Arlington County Detailed Involvement of 7 7 g County Officials and l f T TY g39g39pzt co g F Departments in 911 V f fgmm mc Noted Areas for gt improvement and quot preparedness for all Departments Department of Emergency Management and EOC Created Improvements to Security Received 60 Million in Homeland Security Fund for future attack and natural disaster Emergency Response Center Finished in 2008 Arlington on Alert created FRAC ID Card issued 2007 Emergency Evacuation Test was conducted and successful Improvements to Transportation Listed in Master Plan Emergency traf c signal preemption CCTV monitoring of intersections Variable message signs and high output communication systems including Arlington Alert emails and radioiare important components of an emergencyresponse infrastructure that is being put into place Master Transportation Plan Transportation Demand and Systenls Managenlent Element July 2008 it ARlleTuN City of Fairfax Transportation Security CEIE 499003 Matthew Fierro 992008 66 Office of Emergency Management City Strategic Disaster X 391 Plan 39 Emergency Management 7 Make a plan 7 Make a kit 7 Subscribe to stay informed 992008 McConnell Public Safety Transportation Operations Center 130 Acres in Spring eld VA Public Safety and Transportation Operation Center VDOT Facilities Virginia State Police Division 7 HQ Dept of Public Safety Communications Office of Emergency Management Emergency Operations Center 992008 68 Northern Virginia Hazard Mitigation Plan On OCtObeI It REGIONAL HAZARD MITIGATION PLAN 10 2006 i 0 Includes PREPARED BY Hazard Identi cation Hazard Analysis Vulnerability Assessment F I I IAL MAP 4H 2006 Capability Assessment PLANNNG ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY PBS Mitigation Strategies Mitigation Action Plan 992008 The Regional Emergency Coordination Plan Completed September 11 2002 Recognizes local governments respond first Identi es 15 Regional Emergency Support Functions RESF Includes COG Transportation Planning Board US Dept of Transportation all DC MD and VA Transportation authorities and several more 992008 7 70 RESF 1 Transportation Regional evacuation coordination plan Move people out and get resources into the affected areas COG responsible for coordinating the transportation planning aspects of emergency preparedness and response Jurisdictions responsible for operations and execution of the plan 992008 71 992008 Sources 72 RICHMONDVIRGINIA I THE CAPITAL OF VIRGINA 3RD LARGEST METROPOLITAN AREA IN VIRGINIA WHERE THE INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM CONVERGE Date 090108 RICHMOND METROPOLITAN AREA TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM AVI ATI ON TRANSPORTATION RI CHMOND INTERNATI ON AIRP ORT RI C MARITIME TRANSPORTATION PORT OF RICHMOND RAIL TRANSPORTATION CSX RAIL SERVICE AND NORFOLK SOUTHERN HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION INTERSTATE NORTHSOUTH 195 EASTWEST 164 ROUTE 1 ROUTE 60 ROUTE 301 AND ROUTE 360 TRUCKING TRANSPORTATI ON MOTOR FREIGHT BUS TRANSPORTATION GRAYHOUND BUS LINES PUBLIC MASS TRANSIT GREATER RICHMOND TRANSIT COMPANY GRTC mpenwikipediamgwikmichmondyixginia RICIHVIOND METROPOLITAIN AUTHORITY BUILDS AND OPERATES PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES TOLLS EZ PASS AND ALERT S RICIHVIOND AREA METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION RAMPO RICHMOND REGIONAL PLANNING DISTRICT COMMISSION RRPDC VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF RAIL amp PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PLAN TIP IMMEDIATE PRIORITIES PROJECTS THE 2031 LONGRANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN 2031 LRTP A FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPING NETWORK OF TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES AND SERVICES TO MEET REGIONAL TRAVEL NEEDS SAFETY ELEMENTS OF THE PLAN AREBASED ON REQUIRMENTS O SECURITY ELEMENTS OF THE PLAN ARE BASED ON VIRGINIA S SECURE COMMONWEALTHINITIATIVE STRATEGICPLAN Chulur ald Pp SECURE COMMONWALTH INITIATIVE STRATEGIC PLAN THE SECURE COIVIMONWEALTH INITIATIVE WAS ESTABLISHED IN 2002 WITH EXECUTIVE ORDER 07 The Secure Commonwealth Initiative is charged with ensuring a safe secure and prepared Virginia by developing and overseeing a coordinated prevention preparedness Response and recovery strategy for natural and manmade disasters and emergencies Including terrorist attacks that encompasses Federal State local and private entities and the citizens of the Commonwealth GUIDING PRINCIPLES DETERRENCE REDUCE OR ELIMINATE SECURITY THREATS PREVENTION AVOID OR INTERVENE TO STOP INCIDENTS RESPONSE SHORT TERM ACTIONS EXCUTION OF EMERGENCY OPERATION PLANS RECOVERY DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION AND EXECUTION OF SERVICE IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF OPERATIONS AND SERVICES Commonwealth of Virginia Secure Commonwealth Initiative Strategic Plan Version 1 httpwww nr p virginiac r m 39 quot quot 39 39 39 39 39 39 mu c39 0 7 pland0c SECURE COMMONWALTH INITIATIVE STRATEGIC PLAN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLANING COLLABORATION OF STATE AND LOCAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT OFFICIALS FIRE DEPT LAW ENFORCEMENT EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES AND PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES THE VA DEPT OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT MAINTAINS THE COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLAN COVEOP LOCAL DISASTER MITIGATION PREPAREDNESS RESPONSE AND RECOVERY IS THE LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE ELECTED OFFICIALS COUNTIES AND INDEPENDEMENT CITIES ARE PRIMARILY RESPONSIBLR FOR EMERGENCY OPERATIONS IF LOCAL RESOURCES BECOME OVERWHELMED COMMONWEALTH S STATEWIDE MUTUAL AID PROGRAM THROUGH THE VIRGINIA EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER wEOC IF VEOC RESOURCES BECOME OVERWHELMED GOVERNOR REQUEST PRESIDENTIAL DISASTER OR EMERGENCY DECLARATION httpWWW richmondsmayorcom EMERGENCY RESPONSE EXERCISES Virginia to practice Interstate 64 lane reversal on May 11 The Virginia Department of Transportation VDOT Virginia Department of Emergency Management VDEM Virginia State Police and the Virginia National Guard will partner to conduct an emergency preparedness exercise on May 11 from 5 am to 7 am to test state agencies ability to reverse Interstate 64 traf c between Hampton Roads and Richmond The reversal of 164 is an element of the commonwealth s overall hurricane response plan A reversal can be ordered by the governor to speed the evacuation of the Hampton Roads region in the event of a hurricane or other disaster Virginia Emergency Response Team Exercise 2007 Response personnel from state and local government and volunteer groups are reviewing and practicing the skills needed during an actual emergency in a threeday statewide exercise April 2426 Though the Virginia General Assembly mandates VERTEX to occur annually httpwwwvaemergencycomemupdate07iemupdateO42507 htm EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT UPDATEthe Virginia Department of Emergency Management Richmond cam Tuesday May 06 2008 httpwww richmondcomnewsfeatures24l25 CONTINUITY OF GOVERNMENT PLAN nmmnmmxm or Vu gima Emergent Opei39mium Plan mme of Government amp 39nllhlluif of Operations SupporrAnneX 1 ulllme LI CORIEIONW EALTH 0F VIRGINIA Emergency Operations Plan Continuity of Government amp Continuity of Operations Volume 11 Support Annex 1 Virginia Department of Emergency Management September 2007 n http39www nrI mrgmm o I THE CONTINUITY OF GOVERNMENTCOG AND CONTINUITY OF OPERATIONS PLAN COOP ADDRESS THE COORDINATION PROCESS THAT WILL ENSURE SURVIVABILITY OF STATE LEVEL CONSTITUTIONAL AND DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT DURING ACTS OF TERRORISM ANDOR NATURAL DISASTERS PhiV rV 39 MM 0 7npland0c o Security and Emergency Response in Charlotte NC Jenny Meszaros September 9th 2008 CharlotteMecklenburg County Emergency Management Emergency Management and Homeland Security Department in CharlotteMecklenburg County includes Poice Duke Energy Utilities Fire Department Airport law enforcement NALERT Team FEMA Health Department Red Cross Project Impact Federal Department of Homeland Security ALERT Team Advanced Local Emergency Response Team 90 member multiagency terrorism response team Focused on chemical biological WMD attack Training exercises are held regularly but details are not released Relies heavily on collaboration between Communications CharlotteMecklenburg County Integrated Response Plan for All Hazards Organized though the Emergency Management Of ce Local levels work well and are integrated with state and national organizations CharlotteDouglas International Airport is main concern since 911 Local law enforcement is still rst responders but additional backup is readily available if needed Source httpWWWCharmeckncusDepartmentsE mergencyManagementH0mehtm DurhamChapel HillCarrboro CEIE 499 Transportation System Security and Safety Presented by Katty Overcash September 9 2008 Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro Metropolitan Planning Organization MPO First designated by the 1980 Census 1 39 Responsible for transportation planning for the western part of the Research Triangle area in North Carolina Member jurisdictions include City of Durham Town of Chapel Hill Town of Carrboro Town of Hillsborough County of Durham County of Orange County of Chatham 0 The Lead Planning Agency is City of Durham httpwwwdchcmpoorgindexphpoption com contentamptaskviewampid23ampltemid32 Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro DCHC MayorCity Manager s Office City of Durham William V Bell Mayor Thomas J Bonfield City Manager 101 City Hall Plaza Durham NC 27701 Felix Nwoko DCHC MPO Transp Planning Manager 101 City Hall Plaza Durham NC 27701 Town of Chapel Hill Kevin Foy Mayor Roger Stancil Town Manager 405 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd Chapel Hill NC 27514 Town of Carrboro Mark Chilton Mayor Stewart Steve Town Manager 301 W Main St Carrboro NC 27510 Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro Law Enforcement Agency 0 The Transportation Advisory Committee TAC It is composed of City of Durham the Town of Chapel Hill the Town of Carrboro the Town of Hillsborough Durham County Orange County Chatham County North Carolina Department of Transportation NCDOT The Triangle Transit Authority TI39A The Research Triangle Foundation of North Carolina and The Federal Highway Administration FHWA 0 The Technical Coordinating Committee TCC It is composed of Triangle Transit Authority Research Triangle Park Triangle J Council of Governments RaleighDurham Airport Authority North Carolina Central University University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Duke University and Carolina Trailways Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro DCHCMPO Safety and Security Goals and Objectives Adopted on 101007 Page 5 of the 2035 LRTP Objectives a Reduce fatality injury and crashincident rates on all modes b Reduce vulnerability of transportation facilitiesusers to terrorists natural disasters and risks c Reduce economic losses due to transportation crashes and incidents d Improve the ability to identify high accident locations and evaluate their impacts in THE project prioritization e Provide a safe environment for transportation users through the quot3 Es f Increase transit safety and security for riders and employees httpwwwdchcmpoorgdmdocuments203SGoalsAndObjectivesTACAdoptedpdf Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro Emergency Agencies 0 There are selected organizations in the public and private sector authorized to originate and activate the North Carolina EAS These organizations include The State Emergency Operations Center the National Weather Service NC Center for Missing Persons NC State Highway Patrol and selected radio stations 0 The North Carolina State Emergency Operations Center must oversee a Required Monthly Test RMT This is necessary to test the transmission of a statewide EAS message 0 Other agencies to contact are NC Department of Crime Control and Public Safety FEMA Department of Homeland Security Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness 0 Emergency Radio Communications System Offering the DCHC area even more interoperability I K 139 mat with the State and with other agencies quot This radio system links 2500 City and County radios 500 Durham Public Schools radios plus an additional 500 radios used by other state and 5 federal agencies y quotll 0 Hurricane Evacuation Routes 0 Nuclear Power Plant Evacuation Routes Harris NP x McGuire NP 39 19 03 Brunswick NP Catawba NP htt wwwncdotor traffictravel em 0 l40 Reversal Evacuation Routes ergenqzinfol Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness CodeRED Emergency Notification System To be used only in the event of emergency situations or critical community alerts Drinking water contamination Bioterrorism alerts Evacuation notice amp route Missing person Fires or Floods Bomb threat amp Hostage situation Chemical spill or Gas leak Other emergency incidents Residents and business are able to input contact information into a community notification enrollment database httpwwwdurhamcountyncgovdepartmentsemgtCodeREDCodeREDhtm Durham Chapel Hill Carrboro Plan Continuity 0 The DCHC MPO Transportation Advisory Committee TAC adopted The 2030 Long Range Transportation Plan LRTP on April 13 2005 0 In June 2005 State and federal agencies subsequently approved the plan as meeting federal transportation planning and air quality conformity regulations 0 The 2035 LRTP will list the highway transit bicycle and other transportation projects and services to be implemented between 2008 through the year 2035 httpwwwdchcmpoorgindexphpoptioncom contentamptaskviewampid23ampltemid32 Transportation Security City of Gastonia Gaston County NC Anthony Hambrick CEIE 499 September 8 2008 my www gasmnmunsm tomMAPS FewerMagquot 3p Organizations Agencies amp Sources of Transportation Security North Carolina DOT Gaston Urban Area MPO Transportation Advisory Committee TAC Technical Coordinating Committee TCC Gaston County Multijurisdictional Departments Emergency Management 0 Department works closely with the Fire Marshal and Gaston Emergency Medical Services GEMS Emergency Management Responsible for protecting Gaston County Citizens from the effects of disasters natural and manmade County s response is coordinated by activating the Emergency Operations Center EOC Gaston County Local Emergency Planning Comm1ttee LEPC As of 2009 chemical reports will be required to be submitted through a webbased program called EPLAN Emergency Response Information System Hazard Mitigation Plan June 2005 Purpose is to help protect the health safety and Economic security of residents by reducing impact Focus is on Emergency Preparedness amp Response to Potential Hazards Plan acts as both a SECURITY amp SAFETY MANAGEMENT EFFORT by the county Continuity of Government Cooperation among all the governing Municipalities is evident Sources Transportation Security in the BuffaloNiagara Falls Metropolitan Area Prepared by Jeremy J essup Due 992008 Map of Transportation Features Hus mm lntermocsl mmquot m Raw sum Sou Re h pAwwgbnm ergh wean mmmmempdfSvareg Ljran sponarmniDveumnsfmaLDmu memiwebiversmni par swam omsrmq Organizations Involved Federal US Department of Homeland Security US Customs and Border Protection 39 FEMA US Coast Guard US Department of Transportation State New York State Of ce of Homeland Security New York State Department of Transportation Local Greater BuffaloNiagara Regional Transportation Council MPO Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority NFTA Cities of Buffalo and Niagara Falls Erie County and Niagara County Erie County Emergency Management Agency amp Office of Homeland Security Niagara County Emergency Services State University of New York at Buffalo Niagara University Federal Level Initiatives Establish legislation Offer guidance to state and local governments Provide aid when requested Very LITTLE DIRECT interaction with transportation security improvements in the BuffaloNiagara Falls Metropolitan Area httpwwwca rheimancomwallpa perscreensavers1024he ilmanniagarafasjpg m a r Counties Region Retrieved Se pie mber 2 2008 from hi State Level Initiatives Develop vulnerability and risk assessments Identify critical transportation infrastructure Implement mitigation efforts Coordinate local governments response planning Communicate information between all parties involved Monitor amp Evaluate Assess Risk Plan Policies amp Controls hilpwwwsomap0rgiIlusiraiionsriskimanage meniicyclepng Ilnril i7 nn IIInPl 7n LongyRange Transportation Plan for the Erie and Niagara ipwwwgbnrtcorgfilead minc0nienipdf20307LongrRangeiPlaniriFinal State Level Responsibilities Border Security Coordinate Canadian and US Federal governments with the owners of the border facilities Ports and Waterways Compliance with Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002 0 Airports httpwwwcivutorontocapgTeachingPeaceBridgejpg Source Greater BuffaloNiagara Transportation Council 2007 June 2030 LongRange Transportation Plan for the Erie and Niagara Counties Region Retrieved September 2 2008 from httpwwwgbnrtcorgfieadmincontentpdf2030LongRangePanFina Pa rt1pdf Local Level Initiatives Documents Erie County 0 Civil DefenseDisaster Preparedness Division Niagara County Niagara County Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan CEMP NFTA Transit Security Plan City of Buffalo Emergency Management Services Emergency Management and Evacuation Planning Goals Identify vulnerabilities in current plans Prevent and mitigate effects of disasters Respond to and recover from disasters Utilize all public and private resources available Coordinate with federal and state recovery and assistance programs Source Greater Buffalo Niagara Transportation Council 2007 June 2030 Long Range Transportation Plan for the Erie and Niagara Counties Region Retrieved September 2 2008 from httpwwwgbnrtcorgfileadmincontentpdf2030Long RangePan Fina Part1pdf Future Challenges Coordination between parties involved Especially local agencies Emergency Response Exercises No documentation found Increased role in security by the Greater BuffaloNiagara Regional Transportation Council Currently focused on transportation planning More Information Emergency Management Services 2008 Section III Response Retrieved September 2 2008 from City of Buffalo httpwwwcibuffalonyusHomeCityDepartmentsEMSSectionIHResponse Erie County Emergency Management 2007 Annual Report Retrieved September 2 2008 from Erie County Emergency Management Agency and Office of Homeland Security httpwwwerie countyOhionetcountyadminannualrptemapdf Greater Bu aloNiagara Regional Transportation Council 2008 Retrieved September 2 2008 from Welcome to the GBNRTC httpwwwgbnrtcorgid1 Greater BuffaloNiagara Transportation Council 2007 June 2030 LongRange Transportation Plan for the Erie and Niagara Counties Region Retrieved September 2 2008 from httpwwwgbnrtcorgfileadmincontentpdf2030LongRangePlanFinalPart1pdf New York State 2008 September Retrieved September 2 2008 from Office of Homeland Security http www security stateny ustrainingtrainingcalendarphp Niagara County Emergency Services 2007 Retrieved September 2 2008 from Niagara County Emergency Services httpwwwniagaracountycomFireLEPCasp Niagara University 2008 June Special Emergency Response Volunteer Initiative for Community Empowerment Retrieved September 2 2008 from Border Community Service httpwwwniagaraedubordercommunityservice State University of New York at Buffalo 2008 April 18 Approach and Technology Retrieved September 2 2008 from Transportation httpwwwbuffaloeduub2020planfilesforum2transportationpdf The Regional Municipality of Niagara and Greater Buffalo Niagara Regional Transportation Council 2003 March Strategic Transportation Directions Retrieved September 2 2008 from Greater Buffalo Niagara Regional Transportation Council httpwwwgbnrtcorgfileadmincontentpdfStrategicTransportationDirectionsFinalDocument WebVersionpdf US Department of Homeland Security 2008 August 28 Retrieved September 2 2008 from US Customs and Border Protection httpwwwcbp gov US Department of Homeland Security 2008 September Retrieved September 2 2008 from FEMA http www fema govindex shtrn Boise Idaho CEIE 499 Assn 1 April Stephens Boise Approximate Population 200000 Ada County Transportation Improvement Program FY20082012 Northern Ada u kry 1L0 M P A S S cumummummgnggyw Improvement Program County Transportation Over the next ve years there are plans to spend both Federal and State funds on improving transportation including security and safety Approximately 25 Million will be spent on Transit Enhancement Safety amp Security and Preventative Maintenance Will mostly include expanding the response system and providing more facilities and equipment Transportation Incident Management Plan 2008 miggi Outlines the most gigI effectlve ways to respond to and clear a traffic incident m Meant to help improve li l 1l response time and assesses 1 t ugiuE c earance 1mes JHPHEII 3gp Gowen FieldBoise Airport 394 Boise Airport is the primary commercial service airport in SW Idaho It also houses the Idaho Air National Guard Army National Guard and the reserve units of the Army Navy and Marines httpwwwgobaIsecurityorgmiita ryfacilitygowen I 39 a i 5 j I