Interpreting the European Past
Interpreting the European Past HIST 102H
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Efren Stiedemann on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102H at Old Dominion University taught by Michale Carhart in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/215271/hist-102h-old-dominion-university in History at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
EUROPE IN GLOBAL CONTEXT History 102H M Carhart Midterm Review October 8 2008 The exam will consist of 1 long essay 70 points a map 10 points a chronology 20 points Essay Questions The essay is a writing exercise Accordingly you should compose your answer in narrative format Not bullets Not an outline Instead wellconstructed paragraphs that conform to the rules of English style and composition Your essay should be argumentative Stake a claim early in your essay formulate it clearly as a thesis statement and then spend the rest of the essay defending that claim with specific reference to the course texts and lectures Remember that a blank sheet of paper is worth zero points Your task is to ll it up with points You will be given a choice between two of the following and asked to write on one 1 Myths are stories about the past that nations tell themselves to remember who they are We have encountered numerous myths in this course including Troy Jason and Medea Aeneas and Dido Lucretia Cincinnatus and Beowulf Select two of these myths and eXplain the purpose of those stories What values or events do they commemorate What do they tell us about the society in question Equot From the Bronze Age to the Industrial Revolution agriculture was the principal occupation in Europe and the Mediterranean The form of agriculture tells us much about a society Consider eg the free farmer of Archaic and Classical Greece and the ideal of selfsuf ciency autarkeia First sketch the features of the Mediterranean agricultural system including some of the problems or challenges that emerged in the course of Greek or Roman history Then compare the Mediterranean model to the manorial system of Northern Europe s middle ages Finally eXplain what the system reveals about each civilization W Like agriculture a civilization s style of warfare re ects its social organization and its values Compare the hoplite soldier of Archaic and Classical Greece with the warrior of either Bronze Age Greece the Germanic tribes eg Beowulf or medieval Europe Who did the ghting What does the manner of warfare reveal about each civilization 5 Over the course of a thousand years Christianity went from a persecuted Roman mystery religion to the medieval papal monarchy Discuss some of the major stages in the development of the Church as a political social and religious institution U After the collapse of Roman administration in the fth century European civilization went through a number of political transformations that culminated in the formation of the national monarchies by the thirteenth century Discuss some of the major stages in that process Then consider what forces supported the centralization of power under a monarch What fragmentary forces inhibited centralization EUROPE IN GLOBAL CONTEXT History 102H M Carhart Final Examination Review 830 1130am Monday December 08 The exam will consist Of 1 long essay 100 points 1 medium essay 70 points a map 10 points a chronology 20 points The Long Essay Everyone will write on the following question Remember that this is your Opportunity to strut the stuff you have learned in this course It is December 2008 The American public has determined how its electors will vote and a new regime is on its way to power One Of the pressing matters confronting this new regime is the establishment Of a foreign policy including the circumstances under which the military might be deployed overseas or since your administration inherits the deployment already existing under the Old regime the circumstances under which the military might be withdrawn You have been hired as a consultant in the formation Of that new foreign policy As a student Of Western Civilization you are well acquainted with the ways in which European and Mediterranean society has been organized over the past four millennia from Bronze Age despotisms to the Greek pOlis the multiethnic Roman Empire Germanic warlords medieval national monarchies the emergence Of the territorial nation state over the past four hundred years and the possible decline Of that political model recently in supernational institutions like the European Union as well as the fragmenting Of nationalist projects like Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union Consider the attempt Of the past American administration to forge constitutional states in western and central Asia based on Enlightenment principles Of liberty republicanism access to education and the very idea Of the right Of a people to national self determination Can the projects Of the previous administration succeed in regions outside Of the European tradition What can your new administration do to make them succeed or how might it redefine success Or should your new administration just butt out and at what cost The presidentelect has paid you a lot of money for your expert opinion Make sure it is a good one with an argument well grounded in history There might even be a job waiting in the State Department The Medium Essay As before on the Midterm You will be given a choice between two of the following and asked to write on one The essay is a writing exercise Accordingly you should compose your answer in narrative format Not bullets Not an outline Instead well constructed paragraphs that conform to the rules of English style and composition Your essay should be argumentative Stake a claim early in your essay formulate it clearly as a thesis statement and then spend the rest of the essay defending that claim with specific reference to the course texts and lectures Remember that a blank sheet of paper is worth zero points Your task is to fill it up with points 1 Territorial NationState From the late Middle Ages to the twentieth century the European state was transformed from a system of personal loyalties to a territorial unit with a centralized federal administration Discuss three items in relation to this a the process of centralization using a specific state as an example b the motivations military economic religious political that led successive administrations to bring power to a central location c the social or cultural consequences of the rise of the territorial nationstate Then answer this question Is the territorial nation state normative ie is it right natural proper that human society should be organized according to such boundaries What other ways might humanity organize itself How has society been organized before or outside of modern Europe 2 The Arts We have spent considerable time on art in this course literature in antiquity the early middle ages and modernity music from monophonic chant to modern symphony visual art from ancient Greek idealization to Renaissance perspective and modern art Discuss some of the ways we can use the arts to gain access to the past Be sure to include specific examples of the values and ideas conveyed in specific works of art 3 Resistance Following the St Bartholomew s Day massacre in 1572 there emerged in Europe a political discourse regarding the location of political sovereignty and the circumstances under which the citizen might resist or even overthrow that sovereign Making specific references to the texts discussed in this course describe some of those political ideologies Cite texts approving the right of citizens to reform their government as well as texts that denied that right Discuss also some of the ways in which those ideologies were manifested in European political events 4 Reason or not Beginning with the Reformation in the sixteenth century and continuing through nineteenthcentury industrialization Europe looked with growing confidence on its own progress What evidence was there for European progress What evidence was there that such progress was illusory Who were the harbingers of irrational forces and what was their message 5 The Church During the thirteenth century the Church stood at the peak of its power as the quotpapal monarchyquot Thereafter it underwent a series of crises that culminated in the Protestant Reformation and beyond Describe the narrative of church history from the fourteenth to the seventeenth century What were some of the social consequences of the splitting of the church And what was really at stake behind all the violence and conflict MAP ITEMS Cities Athens Stockholm Rome Constantinople Copenhagen Florence Istanbul Edinburgh Berlin Vienna London Geneva Budapest Brussels Warsaw Belgrade Amsterdam St Petersburg Sarajevo Paris Moscow Prague Madrid
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