New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Dr. Ethyl Turner


Marketplace > Old Dominion University > Music > MUSC 264A > MUSIC IN HISTORY AND CULTURE
Dr. Ethyl Turner
GPA 3.82

Marie Bliss

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Marie Bliss
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Music

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Ethyl Turner on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC 264A at Old Dominion University taught by Marie Bliss in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/215277/musc-264a-old-dominion-university in Music at Old Dominion University.

Similar to MUSC 264A at ODU




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/28/15
Transition II To the Age ofquot quot 39 Key Points Chapter Outline 1 The Rococo and the Age of 0 Two preClassical styles Sensibility prevailed in the early eighteenth o Rococo From the French rocaille quota shell ry t e decorative A reaction against grandiose Baroque style Rococo in France and the 0 Premiere composer of French Rococo Francois sensitive style Couperin 166871733 Emp ndsmnkeit in o Rococo is considered a precursor to Age of Enlightenment 0 Several preClassical musicians o Characterized by the desire to systematize all wrote important music treatises know e ge and iIIStrlletiOH menu S JeanPhilippe Rameau 168371784 Treatise 0 Taste in opera changed radically on Harmony 1722 during this era Preferred Styles 0 In Germany the style of Emp ndsamkei39t were Italian comic Opera and quotsentimental style was predominant ballad Opera sueh as The 0 Style reached apex in mid18d century with Beggar39s Opera with familiar the sons of Bach songs and Spekerl teXt Wilhelm Friedemann 0 Christoph Willibald Gluck39s lyric drama brought about new operatic reforms in the later eighteenth century I Carl Philipp Emanuel I Johann Christoph I Johann Christian I and their contemporaries Sonata concerto and symphonic styles expan e PreClassical period c 1725775 I New form Classical multimovement cycle was developed 2 The Changing Opera 0 Grandiose Baroque opera was satirized all over Europe 0 Opera seria was challenged and defeated in 0 London by John Gay39s The Beggar39s Opera 1728 0 Paris by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi39s La serva padrona 1752 0 War ofthe Buffoons erupted between those who welcomed comedy and those who favored the older opera seria 3 Gluck and Opera Reform 0 Christoph Willibald Gluck 17141787 was a pioneer of opera reform Germanborn trained in Italy Sought to free opera from outmoded conventions In his operas the words are master to the music no overembellishment He sought quotsimplicity truth and naturalness 1n Chapter 28 The Development ofMus ical Ideas Key Points Chapter Outline 1 Building blocks ofmusic and musical development 0 Melodic ideas or themes are Themes melodic ideas used as building blocks in a used as building blocks in a composition these melodies are made up of short melodic or rhythmic fragmenm known as olives Themes canbe expanded by varying the melody rhythm or harmony through thematic developmen i this usually composition Motives Short melodic or rhythmic ideas derived from themes 0 Thematic development expanding themes by varying components of music 0 For example melody rhythm harmony can 0 Repeated short patterns ostinatos can also be used to build 39 39 happens in largescale works Development and variation are processes found in all styles of sic O mu 0 Repeated shortpatterns or ostinatos can also be used to build Chapter 29 Classical Forms Key Points Chapter Outline orm is the main organizing element in absolute music 0 Form is the o A s lute music no pictorial or literary program most important 0 Multimovement cycles one piece comprises three or four movements Ofganizing or example classical era symphony sonata string quartet e ement in concerto e c absolute o musm WhiCh 1 The First Movement I has no SpeCi c 0 Known by a variety of names sonataallegro form or firstmovement PiCtOFial 01quot form or sonata form the first movement is in a quick tempo literary 0 Based on premise that Program 0 1 piece begins in tonic key departs then returns 0 any 0 2 each key area is associated with a theme maSterworks 0f 0 Exposition opening section oftlie sonataallegro form mStFumenlal Presents two opposing keys and their themes 111510 age m a o If atheme consists of several ideas it is called atheme group s H gr 0 Theme I is in the tonic ulhmoveme nt cycle of 0 Bridge trans1tional passage that modulates to contrasting key three or four 0 Theme His in a contrasting key movemenm Closing section rounds off exposition in contrasting key these include o In 18thcentury sonataallegro form the exposition is the Classicera repeated symp my 0 Development second section of the sonataallegro form sonata string 0 Filled with musical con ict and action quartet an Frequent modulations conce o o Builds up tension 0 The rSt Thematic development breaking up of theme into motives movement 0f 0 Recapitulation the cycle is estatement of tonic key usually in afast eme I in tonic tempo and 1n 0 Restatement of tonic key is a welcome relief iata39f following the tense development a egro orm Bridge With three main I Theme 11 tonic not in contrasting key 590mm I Closing section ewosuwn Coda last section of sonataallegro form developmentgt oses the entire movement and 2 The Second Movement II recaplmlaho 0 Typically an Andante or Adagio tempo 7139 0 Usually one of these forms 0 The second Ternary ABA form movement Is Shortened sonata form usually slow 0 Slow rondo and can be in various forms 0 Theme and variations I I I mcludmg Atheme is stated followed by a series of variations theme and 0 Each variation modifies the theme in a new way variations or 39 Change Of key ternary AB I Melodic variation embellishing the tune A forum I Harmonic variation changing accompanying chords 0 The third I Rhythmic variation changing t e r movement I Meter texture dynamics and timbre can also be nmetime changed O O omitted is a triplemeter danceieither a minuet and scherzo and trio The fourth movement is fast and lively often in ran 0 or sonata allegro form Cyclica u ture 1 device that links movements it occurs when a theme from an earlier movement reappears in a later one 3 The Third Movement III 0 In the Classical symphony almost always a minuet and trio 0 Minuet a Baroque court dance in stately triple meter and ternary form Clearcut structure based onphrases of 4 and 8 measures 0 Two main sections AB and return to the beginning da capo Each part ofthe structure is abinary form AB or rounded mary Rounded binary the B section returns to the tonic at its close Repetition of a section is marked in the score by repeat signs l l I I l l o In the 19th century the minuet is replaced by a scherzo Scherzo from the Italian for quotjestquot similar to a minuet Still in triple meter and threepart form scherzotrioscherzo Faster inpace and rhythmic drive 4 The Fourth Movement I o Multimovement form typically ends with a rondo o Rondo a lively movement with the spirit of the dance 0 Rondo theme A returns as a refrain similar to ritornello Forms ABABA or ABACA or ABACABA etc 5 The Multimovement Cycle as a Whole 0 18thcentury composers conceived ofthe movements individually o Tended not to share themes from movement to movement 0 First third and fourth movements in home key 0 Second movement in contrastng ke o 19thcentury composers conceived of the movements as part of the whole 0 Cyclical truchire39 movements are thematicallv linked


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.