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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Grace Lai on Tuesday September 30, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 185 at Syracuse University taught by Susan Wadley in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Global Encounters in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/30/14
Globalization Hybridization the mixing of different cultural forms and styles facilitated by global economic and cultural exchanges Globality a social condition characterized by the existence of global economic political cultural and environmental interconnections and flows that make many of the currently existing borders and boundaries irrelevant Indeterminate character of globality 1 Values of individualism and competition as well as on an economic system of private property 2 More communal and cooperative social arrangements including less capitalistic economic relations Planetarity a new social formation brought about by the successful colonization of our solar system Movement towards greater interdependence and integration Globalization involves the creation of new and the multiplication of existing social networks and activists that increasingly overcome traditional political economic cultural and geographical boundaries 1 The intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa Anthony Giddens 2 The concept of globalization reflects the sense of an immense enlargement of world communication as well as of the horizon of a world market both of which seem far more tangible and immediate than in earlier stages of modernity Fredric Jameson Expansion and stretching of social relations activities and interdependencies 3 Globalization may be thought of as a process which embodies a transformation in the spatial organization of social relations and transactions assessed in terms of their extensity intensity velocity and impact generating transcontinental or interregional flows and networks of activity interaction and the exercise of power David Held Intensification and acceleration of social changes and activities 4 Globalization as a concept refers both to the compression of the world and intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole Roland Robertson People becoming increasingly conscious of growing manifestation of social interactions 5 Globalization compresses the time and space aspects of social relations James Mittelman Definition of globalization Globalization refers to a multidimensional set of social process that create multiply stretch and intensify worldwide social interdependencies and exchanges while at the same time fostering in people a growing awareness of deepening connections between the local and the distant More areas of contestation Globalization is associated with inequalities Is globalization a phenomenon of the modern age What does a proper chronology and periodization of globalization look like Chapter 2 Is globalization a new phenomenon The enhancement of worldwide interdependence and the general growth of awareness of deepening global connections are gradual process with deep historical roots The prehistoric period 10000BCE 3500BCE Siberian Ancestors crossed the Bering Strait into North America a thousand years earlier Geographically limited 10000 years ago humans produce their own food The decentralized egalitarian nature of hunter and gatherer groups was replaced by centralized and highly patriarchal social structures headed by chiefs and priests who were exempted from hard manual labon It was only towards the end of this epoch that centrally administered forms of agriculture religion bureaucracy and warfare slowly emerged as the key agents of intensifying modes of social exchange that would involve a growing number of societies in many regions of the world The pre modern period 3500BCE 1500 BCE Monumental inventions like wheel animaldrawn carts and infrastructural innovations Spread of ideas inventions and writing facilitated the coordination of complex social activities and encouraged large state formations The pre modern period was the age of empires Chinese empire silk roads 400footlong ocean going ships The existence of these sprawling networks of economic and cultural exchange triggered massive waves of migration which led to further population increase and the rapid growth of urban centers In the resulting cultural clashes religions with only local significance were transformed into the major world religions The early modern period 15001750 Modernity European Enlightenment project Early modern the period between the Enlightenment and social practices served as the primary catalyst for globalization The modern period 17501970Fed by a steady stream of materials and resources that originated mostly in other regions of the world western capitalist enterprises gained in stature Daring to resist powerful governmental control economic entrepreneurs and their academic counterparts began to spread a philosophy of individualism and rational capitalist system supposedly based upon the providential workings of the free market and its quotinvisible hand 19 century explosion of science and technology The contemporary period from 1970 Capture the public imagination