HUMAN COGNITION PSYC 410
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Santa Hahn on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 410 at Old Dominion University taught by Eva Clarke in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/215331/psyc-410-old-dominion-university in Psychlogy at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Ch8 Coglab Phototypes 1 Describe what someone s prototype for a dog might be like A dog has four legs fur and barks 2 Looking at your experimental results did you show the prototype effect in this demonstration How do you know I have no idea lfelt like I did horrible 3 How does a prototype model explain the prototype effect The prototype model shows how our brain organizes memories Lexical Decision 1 What types of information are held in one s mental lexicon One s lexicon contains information about a word s meaning its part of language and its relationship to other words 2 Were your results consistent with the demonstration predictions Explain your answer Yes my reactions were quicker when the words were associated 3 Demonstrations like the one you just completed typically show semantic priming What is semantic priming Semantic priming is a quickening in reaction time for responding to words that are preceded by a semantically related 39priming stimulus39 Absolute Identification 1 In what dimension did the tones in this demonstration vary They varied from high pitch to low pitch 2 If you were given extensive training on this task how would your results change I would have a better ability to recognize the different pitches 3 Which tones were you most accurately able to identify Which tones did you have the most difficulty identifying l was able to most accurately identify the extreme pitches one and nine The pitches that were in the middle of the extremes four and five Question 1 0 out of 10 points If we were conducting an experiment on the effect knowledge has on categorization we might compare the results of expert and nonexpert groups Suppose we compare horticulturalists to people with little knowledge about plants If we asked the groups to name as speci cally as possible ve different plants seen around campus we would predict that the expert group would primarily label plants on the 7 level while the nonexpert group would primarily label plants on the 7 level Selected Answer superordinate basic Correct Answer subordinate basic Question 2 0 out of 10 points Collins and Quillian39s semantic network model predicts that the reaction time to verify quota canary is a birdquot is the reaction time to verify quotan ostrich is a birdquot Selected Answer faster than Correct Answer the same as Question 3 10 out of 10 points According to Collins and Quillian s semantic network model it SHOULD take longest to verify which statement below Selected Answer a pig is an animal Correct Answer a pig is an animal Question 4 10 out of 10 points Collins and Loftus modi ed the original semantic network theory of Collins and Quillian to satisfy some of the criticisms of the original model In their modi cation Collins and Loftus account for the typicality effect by Selected Answer using shorter links to connect more closely related concepts Correct Answer using shorter links to connect more closely related concepts Question 5 0 out of 10 points Experiments that compare the categorization behaVior of US and Itza participants have found that Selected Answer there are no similarities between the pa1ticipants in the two groups Correct Answer the basic levels for naming objects and inference is the same for Itza Question 6 0 out of 10 points If a system has the property of graceful degradation this means that Selected Answer it is either functioning at 100 percent or it is not functioning at all Correct Answer damage to the system doesn t completely disrupt its operation Question 7 0 out of 10 points Imagine that a young child is just learning about the category quotdogquot Thus far she has experienced only two dogs one a small poodle and the other a large German shepherd On her quotthirdquot encounter with a dog she will be LEAST likely to correctly categorize the animal as a dog if that animal Selected Answer is similar to an quotaveragequot for the dogs she has encountered Correct Answer is a dog that does not bark Question 8 0 out of 10 points Which approach to categorization can more easily take into account atypical cases such as ightless birds Selected Answer network Correct Answer exemplar Question 9 0 out of 10 points According to Rosch the level of categories is the psychologically quotprivilegedquot level of category that re ects people s everyday experience Selected Answer superordinate Correct Answer basic
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