New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Basic Information Literacy and Research

by: Ashly Treutel

Basic Information Literacy and Research IT 150G

Marketplace > Old Dominion University > Information technology > IT 150G > Basic Information Literacy and Research
Ashly Treutel
GPA 3.72

Elizabeth Rasnick

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Elizabeth Rasnick
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Information technology

This 219 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashly Treutel on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to IT 150G at Old Dominion University taught by Elizabeth Rasnick in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see /class/215341/it-150g-old-dominion-university in Information technology at Old Dominion University.

Similar to IT 150G at ODU

Popular in Information technology


Reviews for Basic Information Literacy and Research


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/28/15
Social Classification Categories and Tags What is Social Classification Members of a community organizing a collection for future reference A community could be students of school an interest group museum curators A collection could consist of images papers artifacts Future reference means once the collection is organized people will use it to find items of interest What is a Category A Descriptor is a general way to identify the characteristics of items in our archive Descriptors contain categories which are the specific characteristics used to describe the items Subcategories can also be used when helpful Color could be a general descriptor of an item Red and Green could be two categories of Color Rose and Maroon could be two sub categories of Red We only link to categories and sub categories and not descriptors We describe something as being Red or Green but not as being Color Linking to Categories Under the Color descriptor we would link this shirt with the Red category We might be picky and use the Maroon subcategory since it is a dark red We might link it also to the White category as well since it has more than 1 color EBay Descriptors Another Example Price is a Descriptor lt100 Category 100 to 10000 Category gt10000 Category Condition is a Descriptor New Category Used Category Like New SubCategory Good Condition SubCategory Worn SubCategory Examples in the Archive Date is a Descriptor 1957Category 1958 Category 1959 or after Category Source is a Descriptor Journal and Guide Category VirginianPilot Category What is Tagging A tag is a single keyword sometimes 2 and rarely 3 that is attached to an item A tag is free standing and not organized like categories and subcategories For example we might use tags such as sharp or conservative or I tie or shirt to describe our picture Could one person tag the picture with beautiful and another with ugly Absolutelyll What is the Exercise We will be doing different things with the archive such as Browsing and searching for items Linking items with categories and subcategories Sometimes making up new descriptors and categories Tagging items with keywords Voting on the work of the other students Where do you come in httpfmcpsevenresearchoduedujoom38 You must use Firefox to get credit for your work You must login to get credit for your work This exercise is an example of the kind of work faced by many organizations as they attempt to store and classify different types of material Evaluating Sources Internet Research Unit D amp Unit C University Library Modules on Information Basics and Needs There is no single set of rules Use common sense Think critically There are several things to consider Have you heard of or read the author before Have other people recommended the author to you Has the author been cited before What are the author s credentialsaffiliations 0 When was the source publishedposted 0 Is it outofdate for your research 0 Has a newer edition or a revision been published 0 Does it matter for your research If the publisher is a university press it is probably a scholarly source A commercial publisher does not necessarily mean the work is a popular source A publisher with a good reputation does not guarantee a high quality source While not all good sources come from well established websites or journals it does give a strong indication of quality Some good information will come from unknown sources 0 Who is the author addressing 0 General or Specialized 0 What type of language is used 0 Formal technical jargon Is the work intended to inform Is it meant to convince the reader of something Is the purpose to provoke thought or action on the part of the reader How is it written 0 Objectively or subjectively Is the tone 0 Persuasive argumentative impartial Is it well researched or does it lack support Is it a point of view piece Are it sources cited outofdate Do all the source come from the same publisher Do all the sources share the same authors Are you sources varied enough to explore all points of view Is it well written Is it easy to read Is it well organized Is it a primary or secondary source Are you sources varied enough to explore all points of view 1Scholarly Article 2ndustry Magazine 3YouTube Video 4College Professor 5Actress 6Book 7Brand name 8Newspaper Article 9News channel 10Commercial 11Movie Director 12Dentist referral list 13Documentary Director 14Facebook post For each source list 3 good measures you would use to determine its usefulnessvalidity and explain why list 1 measure which should not be used to justify its validity and explain why Social Economy The Social Factor Ch 11 Traditional economy 0 The m cagital and m resources and the economic agents that socially participate in the groduction exchange distribution and consqution of goods and services of an area 0 htt lenwiki ediaor lwikiEconom 0 Currency is used as an exchange standard 0 Credit ratings service as a measure of financial health Social economy 0 Currency and credit ratings are still used but it is no longer the only measures 0 Now social networking elements are involved 0 Ebay uses both Social Economy Components 0 Connections 0 Reputation 0 Influence 0 Bridging capital the number of connections you have across to different industries social strata etc thIlfrrl Inrrinrn nm7n1nn117I I bearavenoussocialcagitalist Social Economy Components i 0 Bonding capital the depth of your close connections how close and how much you could ask of your connections 0 Access to ideas and talent through your connections 0 Access to resources through your connections 0 Potential access to further resources more distant but very legitimate thIlfrrl Inrrinra rnm7n1nn117 I L I ravenoussocialcagitalist Social Economy Components 0 Saved up favors reciprocity is huge which is why doing good stuff matter a lot with social capital 0 Accomplishments slightly different from reputation it is the more fungible form of SC resumes awards etc 0 Social Capital of those who you have relationships with hnnIlrrrl mrdnrn rnm7n1n n11 H I ravenoussocialcagitalist Technology Adoption 0 There is a direct relationship between technology adoption and GDP 0 The more technologies are adopted the more the GDP increases 0 Social technology adoption changes attitudes and breaks down boundaries Knowledge spillover 0 When a new technology that is providing a competitive advantage to a firm is leaked onto the open market 0 Ultimately benefits the country where it happens increases GDP 0 Accelerates the benefits of the technology 0 Powerful indicator that social networking serves to efficiently disseminate and propagate tacit knowledge The Hype Cycle 0 Overly enthusiastic expectations of a new technology 0 Often intensified by crowd perception 0 Examples 0 PS3 0 iPad mu Emmuons Over Danluslnnmenl i ES Tmhnahjy Peal at InlIauad Waugh at 5m a1 Mama o1 Tnggsr Expccmms Dlylluslunmenl Enligh lunmunl Pusan1qu wa Managing the Hype Cycle 0 If not managed unrealistic expectations can develop 0 Most hype is driven by early adopters 0 The best time to adopt a new technology is usually not in the early stages 0 Evaluate the ROI and PTI of the technology and alternatives before committing Cost benefit of Technology Adoption 3 Fastlcnn Com Web 20 UnitA Objectives 0 Understand Web 20 0 Understand research tools 0 Find the best sources Find primary sources Judge a source s validity Objectives cont d 0 Bookmark and highlight 0 Take notes and get organized 0 Cite sources and create a bibliography Understanding Web 20 0 Latest version of the Web turns readonly Web into read write Web 0 Less about static viewing and more about participation What Is Web 20 0 World Wide Web 0 Collection of Web sites made up of multiple Web pages connected via navigation in 0 Web pages reside on the Internet a network of computers around the worl 0 Web 20 technologies give users ability to 0 Collaborate with others 0 Interact in virtual or online communities 0 Generate their own Web content Connecting with Web 20 Tools How Have Research Tools Changed 0 Have become more specialized 0 Enable streamlining searches using subject guides and special research engines 0 Only valid research sources appear in search results What Collaboration Tools Are Available Store versions of documents and presentations online so that colleagues can access and edit them in real time as if you were all in a virtual conference room Share notes create your own research databases and schedule meetings from any device with an Internet connection Vlrllal Conference Ruom A place for brainstormlna and creatlvlty What Tools Can Help Organize Ideas 0 Mindmapping software notetaking software 0 Records information in best format for you 0 Organizes complex ideas in a visual format easy to see connections between ideas and data How Can the Web Be Used to Find Media 0 Use Web sites to find media 0 Flickr 0 Creative Commons 0 Use tools to keep track of sources so you can properly cite all references and media used in research 0 Easybib 0 Ottobib 0 Zotero Understanding Research Tools 0 Search engines 0 Subject guides 0 Research databases 0 Online catalogs Search Engines 0 Search the Web for media and information related to search terms or keywords 0 Metasearch engine 0 Uses multiple search engines in a single search and returns more results 0 Examples Google Yahoo Bing Askcom AllTheWeb HotBot Subject Guides 0 Contain information that has already been categorized 0 Generally created by libraries or public organizations 0 Examples University library sites or academicinfonet Research Databases 0 Collection of data or links to data in many formats 0 Organized by topic searching is quick and intuitive 0 Reputable databases are accurate and have been reviewed by experts Subscription database 0 Regularly updated by owner 0 Requires a fee to access Examples EBSCOhost and ERIC Online Catalogs 0 Combine resources of multiple libraries 0 Do not contain resources themselves but provide references and crossreferences 0 Examples Library of Congress Online Catalog and WorldCat SECONDARY PRIMARY SOURCE ls directly related to s SOURCE Interprets or reports reference network photograph Finding Primary Sources Drill down from a tertiary to a primary source Type keywords into a search engine database or subject guide Open a tertiary source link in a new tab Determine if the Web page lists any secondary or primary sources Note works cited or further reading suggestions open secondary links in a new tab Finding Primary Sources cont d 0 Open any external links leading to gov or edu sites in a new tab 0 Explore links for primary sources Judging a Source s Validity Is the reference a primary secondary or tertiary source Is the Web site for the source reputable Does the Web site for the source have an ulterior motive Is the author of the source an expert on the subject Is it possible to contact the author or organization 2 WM mw m i f Wag businas mmde MECHAle U WWW TLDhas no sped c meaning anyone an usell us military museums 111325 Ef gy 9 WE E39E L TLD has no sped meanmg anyone an use R nuninam Ilndnr coun domains Aunral n Untied Kl damV Canada Quint Fiance Bookmarking and Highlighting 0 Use Web 20 bookmarks to return to favorite Web sites from any computer bene ts sharing highlighting commenting lag and alganizi m roman embed Hymn mhamei Va clipquot and sham Mu m mm Web omen Vs lmparl r15 ug pages with Ian and mmmls was immn minim lag mm mm bmAmarks mu amm v1 Delidws Delizluusmm Use Web 20 highlighting tools to highlight information on a Web page Taking Notes and Getting Organized Use tools to help put information in your own words process the information and organize it in a way that makes sense Use a mindmapping tool to record information in a format that works for you Assimilate the information by reviewing and reorganizing your notes using a mind map Citing Sources and Creating a Bibliography 0 What information needs to be credited 0 What format should the citation take eg MLA APA Chicago Turabian 0 What Web 20 tools are available Summary Early Web was mostly static later included limited interactive features Web 20 is all about dynamic Web pages collaboration and social networking Use Web 20 to 0 Streamline research 0 Share your work 0 Connect with others interested in the same subjects 0 Gather organize and document information More on the Ideation Process The Social Factor Ch 9 Summary gla iall naiw arik mg mm are a medium through which people connect 0 Facilitates collective brainpower of individuals Businesses are focused on producing innovative ideas due to the accelerated globalization of the market Ideation process 0 Social software Examples of ideation in businesses Where do Innovative Ideas Come From 0 Accelerated globalization and advances in technology have driven businesses towards innovative ideas for differentiation in the marketplace 0 The trend is to explore and act on ideas from a community of interested individuals to grow and more effectively compete in a rapidly changing world Social Networking at the Workplace 0 quotBusiness as usualquot t Urumhmh is a type of thought within a deeply cohesive ingroup whose members try to minimize conflict and reach consensus without critically testing analyzing and evaluating ideas 0 In the Social Age smart companies have discovered that tapping into the collective sentiments and innovative thinking of their customers employees and partners is indispensable to longterm success The Social Brain and the Ideation Process 0 Social Networking activities and social tools for collaboration not only reduce the degrees ml wemrmmi between employees but also provide a work mmmmmv that can be conducive to generating new ideas Six Degrees of Separation oracleofbacon org The Collective Brain 0 Nonprofit organizations academia and businesses are all exploiting the power of social networking to generate ideas that will make the world a better place to live 0 Acollaborative and friendly work environment helps employees be more productive think more clearly and be more satisfied in their work Maximize Your Brain Search for activities that exercise your brain Maintain low levels of stress hormones Maintain camaraderie with coworkers Increase your social networking activities Increase endorphins in your brain Stay focused Get your Zzzz s Social Ideation in the Enterprise 0 Social software such as w m1 and lings is the ideal enabling technology to gather share and act on a wealth of innovative ideas from diverse participants across organizational and geographic boundaries Ideation formal facilitated process of limited duration generally referred as brainstorming sessions 0 Individuals or groups generate ideas concepts and hypotheses that can be explored or acted upon 0 Abstract thoughts applied to a specific situation Business Benefits Costsavings Process improvements Productivity enhancements Innovative business model changes New areas of opportunity Ideas to enhance employee wellbeing Customer satisfaction improvements Quickly address unmet client needs Capture innovative ideas Successful Ideation An EndtoEnd Process 0 Workflow from ideation to market introduction Mobilize Incubate Implement Ideas Interest and Prototype and Take to Collaborate and Validate the Market Sensitivity and Security Concerns mm mm ll u ma cums We Have Control Who Has Contml ll39s neared at X It39s siared in servers Y Z How resilan is it How do auditors observe How does our security a Our security Ieam Is engaged team engag N quot mg Related to Securiiiy Protection of Intellectual property and data Ability to enforce regulatory or contractual obligations 00 Unauthorized use of m 1 Con dentiality of data Availability of gata integrity of data Ability to test or audit a provider s environment Other I u Fi39ivaFf mm mgmm Con lroi Ma y companies and governments are unmmianabia with the idea 171 heated on Categories of Cloud Computing Risks Data Migrating workioads lo a shared neiwork and compute inirastrucmra increases the poienllal for unauthorized exposure Authentication and access a ies become th V Iniormalm i sysl ms ihey do not conlrui Providers must a er a high degree ecurity transparency in help tecnn u cuslumms at se Re abmty increasingly Important ngn availability wiii be a key concern e wlli worry aboui a loss of SE as should oula r Mlssian critical applications Compliance 339 quotmmquot quot m F39 f 39 Cummying with warmn strong Ivallablilty secumy Management guarantees is W Even me Simplesl oi iasks may be behind I era afabsiractl on or ad by someone eise Providers must supply easy controls to manage securliy settings r reguiaiions may pmhlbii the use ui clouds for some applicallans Ca prehensive auditing capabilities are essen ai a piication and mmlma environments What is Cloud Securi ly Con dentiality integrity availability of business critical lT assets Stored or processed on a cloud computing platform There is nothing new under the sun but there are lots of old things we don t know Ambrose Bierce The Devil 395 Dictionary Onesize does not fitall Differem cloud workloads have different risk pro les Hlah Need for Security Assurance Tralnlng Insllna wlth nan sansi va data Analym a slmulauon wlch public am Missianrcrld l warklnads parsnnal in39nmm on ca Low nk lamu u Buslness Risk Highr Tomorrow39s hlgh valual high rhk workloads nend Qualflyofvrolec an plan rl k b can Signl mnl level of sumnce Today39s clouds are urlrnarlly horn Lower rlsk workload No slunlllcm assurance prlmls key Customer Expectations Customers require visibility into the security posture of their cloud Customers require proper authentication of cloud users Customers cite data protection as their most important concern Customer Expectations Customers cite data protection as their most important concern Customers expect a secure cloud operating environment Customers expect cloud data centers to be physically secure Def nngurlnfonna on Needs Internet Research Unit D amp Unit C University Library Modules on Information Basics and Needs H r 7 7 1 ll Why is the iniormation needed 0 In other words What is the purpose 0 For a research paper for a short speech for personal interest 2 How fast do you need the information This also helps in setting a reasonable timeline and may help decide about sources 5 7 g f a 3 Who is your audience 0 Professor academic 0 Boss professional 0 Yourself personal 4 What type of information will answer your question Factual v Analytical Objective v Subjective Currentv Historical v Predictive Text v Graphic v Video Primary v Secondary v Tertiary H v o f i llquot 5 What type of information source will answer the question 0 Book Blog Tweet WW 0 Refer to Questions 1 4 6 How much information do you need 0 A longer paper needs more sources 0 A question for personal reasons may need only one source 0 Do you really need the kitchen sink 7 Haw much do I already know about the subject Do I have relevant experience with the information Do I really have a choice of topics Do I have a choice of subtopics Is this boring Introspection 101 How good are my information literacy skills 5 JD 7 N A Listen to the professor Is it clear what the i it i purpose of the assignment is Ask 3 Not too broad Not too narrow Just right Most students go for too broad Be flexible Start with an Educated Guess Twit Are there any suggested topics if What is the general field of study Try the CQ Researcher since a really great research area has probably been used before htt librar c resscomc researcherstati c2h22ageabout Try the local newspaper Va Pilot Mace and Crown Interest is probably high Try the ODU topic generator httpwww libodueduresearchassistanceid eageneratorindexhtm Google is a good place to nd out Is there only one concept Are you solving the world s problems Most students try topics that are too broad Most students avoid good topics that they think are not important enough Is It Too Broad psychology addic ons dru addictions 7 omen 8 ru addictiuns middle agad women dru addlchlons 8 effect on family Google is a good place to nd out Narrowto broad is a less usual Be exible Is there a single term that is choking you How do shoe stylgg affect emgloyment interview outcomes in the chocolate marshmallow manufacturing business Google Using the 5W s to Narrow a Search Are you interested in a particular Is there a behavior event or Is there a time period that might relate Is there a location that Why is the topic a 39 VisuwordsW A visual tool Synonyms antonyms and derivations To narrow and broaden a search To assist with keywords Help organize concepts a for etymology origin ona a person some organizations companies etc on a a summary wvwv 39 39 edampstcseampscg5ampgagewantedgrint Separate Unit on Citations later 0 There are different systems of citations MLA APA various science systems 0 Purpose Let audience see the document for themselves for any type of information 0 Answers the 5 W5 0 Who author 0 What name of article 0 Where name of journal or a page or URL 0 When date 0 Why well not everything Further discussion on from the Librarian 0 Useful databases from the Library 0 Full texts of articles otherwise unobtainable 0 Specific help from the Librarians Later we will discuss the process of searching including search engines and search strings History of Social Networks The Social Factor Ch 1 amp 2 What is a Social Network 0 What does it mean to be social 0 What is a network Some Early Social Networks 0 Telegraph 0 1849 Samuel FB Morse 0 1869 Lincoln s Pacific Railway 0 1875 1920 s Industrial Revolution I Telephone Bell in 1876 1887 Menlo Park I Edison Westinghouse amp Tesla Radio We know what this is 0 1897 Guglielmo Marconi How does this apply to us 0 In our consideration of the Social Age Roosevelt s example is also instructive Roosevelt found that the best method of effective organization was to speak to the largest number of people possible over the least expensive medium The Social Factor p7 0 Social networks accelerate standardization of products through their massive influence and buying power The Social Factor p12 Pace of Technology Adoption in he Unlted Stakes 100 CenPn Yale hone 90 7 afiA 1 an l Anna 3 mm W V 7 7 E m J I 7 ii lmmi a 37 5 mPonwmm i 40 r 30 a 20 Ilmusmalnge 10 7 7 39 1IrnunnanonAge o 39 V I D 20 4D 60 an 100 Years Years aw u Nun ufmm or an lavmlnqy m Mair m mm mmm H What does this tell us 0 The main thesis of The Social Factor is that three forces led to the revolution we call the Social Age information overload created during the Information Age standardization of technology that has commoditized key conduits of communication such as pervasive devices like cell phones and lowcost two way Internet communication including wikis and other social networking tools What does this tell us 0 Technology revolutions are more appropriately thought of as iterative evolutions from lesseffective and less efficient predecessors to solutions that provide more value to society An example is the telegraph evolving into the wireless telegraph and eventually into the radio Faster and lower cost of communication combined with standardization leads to more rapid market penetration of technologies What does this tell us 0 The enormous social networking capabilities of the cell phone are transforming it into a genuine social extension for the user Faster and lower cost of communication combined with standardization leads to more rapid market penetration of technologies 0 Social networking tools are an excellent way to manage the overwhelming flood of information generated by the fast pace of our society Perfecting Your Online Persona Web 20 Unit D Objectives 0 Create your virtual self 0 Ensure privacy 0 Understand how the virtual world sees you 0 Understand professional networking 0 Choose professional organizations Work with blogs and microblogs Manage your eportfolio Creating Your Virtual Self 0 Actions you take on the Internet create a virtual profile that others use to form their own opinion about you Elements of your epersona 0 Email address 0 Profile photo 0 Social networks 0 Tweets and blogs Creating Your Virtual Self 0 Your email address I One address for friends and relatives 0 Another address for professional communication 0 Your profile photo 0 Use discretion 0 Would you want a future employer to see this photo mm quotg fw w H 9 WWW gt WWW WI mmlf mw ram g canal l m EM mm midi gym ta Creating Your Virtual Self 0 Your tweets and blogs 0 Carefully think through your posts 0 The Web has a long memory Ensuring Privacy Control who can search for you and what they can see Control what information Web applications have access to Don t post overly specific information about your activities Don t post financial information on any site that is not secure 31 mm m GM Lr w umam Way mum semlv 315mi mmmmmmm imw39m nk Mih n Buntlnl whn can saw this check box PVEVIEW wna onlyvfwu wam r mneseewhen Emma availahle m the they lind you an wider Weh Facahunk xHum II m M 9 n 9 uh Wm mm mm Mm meun vm quot40 and Web sites May11m z Cuntrnl a quot 39 quotquotquot mfannaunn mmmxmu nlmmI 1 Mnmumm lrien s39 applicallnns nan see and use 24in aunlica mns mm nvng q Understanding How the Virtual World Sees You 0 Research your online persona 0 Tools available for a background check 0 Social and professional networking sites 0 Credit score Google alert Tools to search the deep Web eg piplcom 123peoplecom spokeocom inteliuscom pipl 7 men wpnhnnm new mun an m mb l M Entera name 7 3 and lunatic to u mm m m 2m um nd 5 W50 i sum 1 Plpl will Search the deep Web to find a ma ch Understanding How the Virtual World Sees You 0 How tools use information 0 Cannot determine plausibility of information 0 Appear to offer a free service but are free to use or sell information you provide 0 How to handle damage control 0 Contact the Webmaster and request removal of the item 0 Use Report or Block feature to make a site aware of negative or inappropriate content 0 Hire a reputation management rm feebased service Understanding How the Virtual World Sees You 0 A warning about posting photos and videos 0 It is difficult to remove media from the Web once it is there 0 Funny or offensive media can go viral traveling around the world in minutes Understanding Professional Networking 0 Use a headline that makes you stand out 0 Be specific and to the point 0 Remember that your profile is serious business 0 Use industry job titles job descriptions and vocabulary 0 Be specific enough to attract employers in your industry but nat so specific that it eliminates you from consideration 0 Don t exaggerate 0 Be honest 0 Describe career goals 0 Build up your image by linking to reputable colleagues and professors and asking them to recommend you Choosing Professional Organizations 0 Services offered 0 Membership 0 Training and development eg webinars teleseminars White papers and other publications Networking Job postings Membership offers heavens Jab datahase mug1 Membership 39 Infun39nahon Offers a student scholarship fund k Mlssinn Staiement Resources Yur 393 quot vdr i zmg Physmans can my a mngn case camam m nmwm mum nnlme nullityMn m v 2mm mum um m mammm Keen uumdah 11m mlullmu mm 7 Ask ueshuns and m answzrs Working with Blogs and Microblogs 9 961mm 3mm 23cm E131a nwmrata editorial Snort 11 3M many 3 s HIM 1131 w W M may ms Working with Blogs and Microblogs 0 How do find readers for my blog 0 Post a link on your social networking site I Send the link as a text message to your contacts 0 Include a link as part of your email signature 0 Post blog links on professional or student networks to which you belong 0 Should I post a microblog 0 Limited number of characters allowed must be concise 0 What blogging tools are available 0 blogger com a Google site 0 wordpresscom AM M mr lur m4 ynursulf blag Freshly Pressed m m gw W vaV39WHE Working with Blogs and Microblags 0 Features of a successful blog Visually pleasing Userfriendly Easy to navigate Combine text with photographs video and links to related sites Wellorganized and archived Strong voice Uptodate and relevant Working with Blogs and Microblogs 0 Making your blog work for you 0 Some sites can earn you money I Example AdSense posts ads on your blog pages using contextual targeting and placement targeting 0 Every time a user clicks an ad from your site you earn money 0 Use filters to control which ads appear on your blog Managing Your EPortfolio 0 What will your home page look like 0 First impressions count 0 What links should your home page include 0 Include a navigation bar with clearly defined buttons that take the user to pages of additional information Managing Your EPortfolio 0 The eportfolio of a writer and filmmaker 77 Navigation bar Links In Twutier Daslmzs HYDerlinks m Edi take the manor Iii related sites ummmem Nawzalmu bar Managing Your EPortfolio I Posting copyrighted material I Your own work I Include copyright status I For other people s content I Get their permission I Comply with their license and terms of use I Update your portfolio I Whenever there has been a change in your work or school situation I If you have won an award or been given special recognition for an accomplishment Cyberstalking 0 Unwelcome feature of the Web 0 Ability to bully stalk or harass an individual online cyberstalking cyber bullying and cyber harassment 0 Protect yourself by reporting the person who is stalking or harassing you 0 For more information 0 http wwwwiredsafetyorg Summary 0 Create your virtual self 0 Ensure that your online image isn t distorted 0 Ensure privacy 0 Take measures to determine who can search for you and what they can see 0 Limit access to your personal information by Web applications 0 Use tools to track down understand and address the information available to anyone in the virtual world Summary cont d 0 Understand professional networking 0 Local global or industry specific 0 Connections based on shared professions industries contacts and goals 0 Find work collaborate on projects share information and find potential employees 0 Many professional organizations include Webbased memberships that let people meet and network with each other online Transforming data between format Two Classifications of Data 0 Qualitative 0 Qualitative data is data which is not numerically significant color of cars feelings about a new product I taste I thoughts on the ride 0 Quantitative 0 Quantitative data is data which is expressed in numerical terms number of hours worked amount spent cups of coffee drunk number of cars passing per hour http www hncrbusmess co ilklam uniLE hLml Quantitative Data 0 There are two types of quantitative data 0 Attribute data are countable data or data that can be put into categories eg the number of people willing to pay the number of complaints percentage who want blue percentage who want red percentage who want yellow 0 Discrete Variable data are measurement data based on some continuous scale eg length time cost I Continuous 0 Do not force a graphic format If it doesn t make your point clearly don t use it hug MWW gaprn act m gmemuasnsssmmms html Considerations When Using Quantitative Data 0 When creating graphic displays keep in mind the following questions 0 What needs to be communicated 0 Who is the audience 0 What might prevent them from understanding this display 0 Does the display tell the entire story my waw gapro act urgxmemudsiesslauums mm Good Graphical Representations 0 Focus attention Stimulate interest Improve message comprehension Add variety and emphasis Explain complex facts and processes Reinforce key points Make abstract ideas complete Leave a lasting impression a umwewer7ava v mi u ADGEESQDlBUl IHLIZALdMvBXCrLlvEFPnnWZFWOaanBE z qu7LFNiZulKstvau39viMZCasiFlWELDRngLMuL waerCcVzdwte l hw Bad Graphical Representations 0 Bore 0 Alienate Confuse Overwhelm Inhibit communication Choosing the Best Display Tool Frequency of occurrence Simple percentages or comparisons of magnitude Trends over time Distribution Variation not 39me related to t1 distributions Association Looking for a correlation between two things Bar chart Pie chart Pareto chart Line graph Run chart Control chart Histograms Scatter diagram Tallies by category data can be attribute data or variable data divided into categories Measurements taken in chronological order attribute or variable data can be used Forty or more measurements not necessarily in chronological order variable data Forty or more paired measurements measures of both things of interest variable data vym ii WES Nquot39r11quot quot 1gt Mamet Sham Cumuquot H cm F m compMm a quotY 5 Cnmunny c cam Compunv E snsnmnu 2 Augusi Sepmmer 0mm nonmm rlvuu amt Dnembzr DNANuWHM mummy l oun 39ulh u sunman mmwm nun mm wnmmmmu uwlmw dnm My ummw zm Sheersbwevs 5 m asphyedxmaw vekvence mg m m m mm m vevvsem he waive mm evcenuvem WWW mm ummmum EEWMWI jg MHJLJIIUU L g l 1 V was DI quotJUHWJ V mime 1 HL Different types of maps ChariGaph Each feature an the map is iHustraIed in a chart on the map 31 312 Prupeny I Incume 5a is Stale pmpeny Dot densny map U ncume Sass Wendy Ham mm Censusltacls 1 am 150 panp e Comparative annual cost care for the insane quotm curwhplnnvmanmm mmiuum ua mummsnxeanmmx E Satan Mltum a mummy 1mgwn P onmuw39gh l 39rsr Wendy Heard ESART Tools for Making G raphical Displays 0 MS Word 0 Has chart and graph function Data can be entered into a table highlighted and turned inma graph or chart Insert gt Charts 0 Insert gt SmartArt Graphics 0 MS Excel 0 Similar options to MS Word 0 Data can be enter in Excel highlighted and turned into a graph or chart 0 MS Powerpoint 0 Similar options to MS Word and MS Excel 0 Tables and graphics can be pasted from MS Word and MS Excel What is a Wiki 0 Web 20 tool 0 Collaborative tool 0 Community members contribute information No central controller All contributors are equal Can be or external Can be formal or wikinomicscom Tacit Knowledge 0 Insight gained by personal experience 0 It s difficult to transfer such knowledge 0 Wikis are useful for this blogsatlassiancom What can wikis do for us Tacit knowledge transfer Establishes a sense of community Improves speed of technical knowledge learning Equilibrium of contribution Produces high volunteerism Create a safe place to experiment Educational uses of Mia39s SIude MS and Illslruclor other learn ers I q V Li Cumrlbuw 7 3 Mum L Exln mal Assessnrs W amp 4i Accreditation Q 39 Q x 1 Advantages of Wikis 0 Much valuable information can be found within wikis 0 Trends can be noted 0 Predictions of needs are possible 0 Natural leaders emerge Lowcost Disadvantages IT 1506 Test 1 Study Guide Social Factor Chapter 1 Dawn ofthe Social Age 0 Driving forces of the Social Age 0 O O 0 Prior to the social age the ever decreasing cost of both communication and transportation were sources of US global economic competitive advantage 0 0 Examples of the milestones that helped propel the US during the Industrial Age 0 Pacific Railway 0 AC electricity Tesla amp o Telegraph Morse Westinghouse 0 Radio Tesla 0 Telephone Bell 0 DC electricity Edison 0 An effective organization speaks to the largest number of people possible over the least expensive medium 0 Social networking tools 0 O O O O O o created concept of a smart document aware of its own content via XML tags 0 O o increased adoption pg 9 o Incremental improvements generate lower cost of production which in turn leads to increased adoption and greater value to society 0 Technology leads to more efficient practices and production techniques pg 10 0 Example Model T 0 Technology is the result of standardization which in turn leads to wide acceptance pg 12 0 Example Cell phone personal computer Chapter 2 Social Age Organizations 0 Information efficiency in businesses pg 1718 0 Hierarchical o Multinational Globally Integrated Enterprises to O 39 from web pages allow for user involvement IT 150G Test 1 Study Guide 0 Social Networking in organizations pg 25 o Teaming and collaboration 0 Succession planning 0 Recruitment and onboarding 0 Content and expertise capture 0 Skills development 0 Innovation 0 Figure 21 pg 28 shows differences in communication between organizations in the industrial age ie traditional hierarchy and social age ie matrix 0 Differences in formal leader s role 0 quotconnectorsquot are shown to bridge gaps where the organization is given freedom to interact organically and is couple only loosely with a formal business structure Chapter 9 Social Brain and the Ideation Process 0 Social Networking tools are a through which people and organizations connect 0 Collective brainpower o Ideation Process pg 155 0 Groups or individuals generate ideas that can be explored further 0 Steps of the Ideation Process I Generate Ideas I Mobilize Interest and Collaborate I Incubate Prototype and Validate I Implement and Take to the Market 0 Collaboration 0 Working with a group of people to achieve a common goal 0 Benefits more than just cost 0 Tools ie Wiki Blogs Social Networking 0 Social Ideation Best Practices pg 159 0 Executive buyin Endtoend innovation Advance budget commitment O O 0 Maintain cultural focus 0 Tools 0 Peer evaluation IT 150G Test 1 Study Guide Internet Research Unit A Searching the Internet Effectively 0 What s the difference between the WWW and the Internet 0 World Wide Web 0 The Internet 0 Types of search tools 1 locates Web pages that contain keywords I program that scans the Web to index the keywords I Keyword words that describe the major concepts of search topic 2 engines single search form to query multiple search engines simultaneously 3 usually hierarchically organized topical directories which are a good choice for broad views of the topic 4 finds 39 f 39 that is quotinvisiblequot to traditional search enginessubject guides because information is stored in proprietary databases specialty directories or reference sites I vast majority of information on Web is in this invisible area 0 Internet Research Strategy FIG AZ 1 Define your topic and note initial keywords 2 Locate background information and identify additional keywords I Use synonyms 3 Choose the proper search tool 4 Translate your question into an effective search query I Avoid stop words 11 I searching returns results with exact words in precise order 5 Perform your search 6 Evaluate your search results Guidelines on page 14 I Locate search terms within result I Decipher URL I Note result s ranking in list of possible Web Pages I Determine if search engine uses directory links I Cached pages 7 Satisfied with results I If so cite your web pages using suggest format ie APA MLA I If not return to earlier steps in process to refine the search IT 1506 Test 1 Study Guide Unit C Browsing Subject Guides 0 Characteristics of subject guides 0 Organization I Drilling down 0 Selectivity 0 Accessibility 0 Annotations 0 Relevant results 0 Trailblazer pages 0 Specialized Search Engine 0 Evaluation Criteria I Authority and Accountability I Objectivity and accuracy I Organization and design I Scope I Currency Unit D Finding Specialty Information 0 Visible Web vs Deep Web 0 Specialty search tools 0 Forms of social search 0 Blogs 0 Opinion listings and polls 0 Questions and Answer Sites 0 Frequent specialty searches include searches for o Businesses 0 People 0 Government information 0 Search Queries 0 Expanding searches I Synonyms IT 1506 Test 1 Study Guide I Related words 0 Narrowing searches I Quotation marks I Minus sign Library Modules Module 1 Information Basics Information Literacy a set of abilities requiring individuals to quotrecognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate evaluate and use effectively the informationquot Type of Research 0 Library or information research students and researchers use library and other information resources to study a topic 0 Purpose AcademicPersonal reasons 0 Collaborative sometimes within a group context 0 Synthesizing Combining Evaluating and Analyzing different sources Characteristics of Information 0 Fact vs Fiction Factual vs Analytical Objective vs Subjective O O 0 Current vs Historical vs Predictive o Scholarly vs Popular 0 Primary vs Secondary Module 2 De ning the Information Needed 0 Seven basic questions 0 Why is the information needed How fast do you need it Who is your audience What type of information will answer your question What type of information source will answer your question How much information do you need 0 How much do I already know about the subject 0 Citations 0 M LA format 0 Should answer the questions I Who author I What name of article I Where name ofjournal or a page or URL I When date I Why well not everything OOOOO IT 150G Final Exam Review Multiple Choice Identi the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question E 5 U39 gt1 9 0 A documentary created in 2002 that uses news footage from the civil rights marches in the 1960s is a source a primary c tertiary b secondary d plagiarized are services to help you locate information on the Web a Search bureaus c Web chargers b Internet search tools d Intemet helpers Search engine 7 crawl the Web a snakes c bugs b spiders d checkers Specialized or specialty search tools a nd information that is invisible to traditional search engines b are typically prepared by hand and are a good choice for a broad view of a topic c compile results from traditional search engines d are available to any Internet user free of charge The deep Web a does not contain the majority of information on the Web b is not accessible by traditional search tools c is accessible by specialty search tools d does not contain much useful information When you need a broader view or when you know less about your topic it s a good idea to start your search with a a traditional search engine c a subject guide b a specialty search tool d evaluative criteria Typical words that do not qualify as keywords are also known as 7 a block wor s c nonwords b full words d stop words What should you do when creating a list of keywords to use in your search a Identify stop words c Identify related keywords b Identify synonyms d All of the above To nd keywords in the correct order you need to use a subject groups c phrase searching b search groups d text grouping URL names are often 7 indicating what the Web site is about to make it easy to remember a mnemonic c linked b cached d smart Citation formats are 7 that standardize how citations are written a bibliographies c reports b style guides d Intemet search engines A query uses Boolean operators to narrow expand or restrict a search a complex c new b difficult d boolean N o 2 The overlapplng area ofthe sets in aVenn dlagam are called thei ofsets a c crossroads b mtasectlon d star The cxrcles In Venn anagrams represent i t tlons of Information c lon ec sets of mformatxon b unxons of mformat exclusxons ofmformatxon Boolean logxc uses a specxal mathematical syntax to paformi a sxmple searches c modl ed searches b narrow searches d complex searches Keep a search a ma drary dlagam d engrne Use the Boolean operator when tryrng to broaden a search a AND NOT c OR IF Use the Boolean operator when trying to arclude a concept a AND NOT c OR b AND d AND OR ls a Vanatlon ofthe AND NOT Boolean operator gt C D b 5 01 r The other p ages a alhnanchor c hnk b alhntxtle d sxte 1 AmmuhangtNauCammemalSharamke Cleatue Communs 2 AurtbuhonrNanCammemal cream commons 3 All DuhonelonCummerClaerDDEms Cteame Communs 4 Anvmuhun creams Cumn ans 5 smmuuensnatemxe Cvealwe cammans 5 Ammuunnwwems Creawe Commnns 3 Patent Offlce7 a All b c 1 3 and 5 d 1 z 4 and 5 Jobrrelated use7 a 4 b 4 and 5 c 1and5 d 45and6 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 3 32 Registering your work with the Copyright Of ce may give you access to which of the following 7 a Actual damages b Statutory damages c All your costs plus what the infringer made d The right to put the copyright symbol on your work Which of the following best represents the minimum requirement for copyright protection 7 a Substantially creative or interesting b Creative according to congressional standards c Creative according to Copyright Of ce standards d A modicum or small amount of creativity Which of the following is true when copying songs from CDs you legally purchased to use in a podcast 7 a Because you purchased the CDs it does not violate copyright and is perfectly legal to post songs on the Intemet b Your use violates the owner s right to make derivative works c Your use violates the owner s right to publicly perform the work through digital audio recording d Because you re not charging anyone to listen to the podcast it does not violate copyright and is perfectly legal In a permissions letter which of the following assumptions should you make about a target date for response a If you receive a No response after your target date it s OK to use the work b If you do not receive any response it s OK to use the work c If you receive a No response don t use the work d It s better to not send a letter that includes a target date What is a new work based on an original work known as 7 a Public domain work b Derivative work c Fair use work d Right of publicity work Which of the following is not a factor for fair use 7 a Purpose and character of use b Intent and whether you make money c Nature of copyright work d Amount of work used NASA s is an example of a virtual world a CoLab c wiki b Dogpile d podcast Which of the following is essential information for scheduling a meeting a time c agen a b place d All of the above What should you do to moderate a brainstorming session a Set a time limit for responses c Exclude references not easily understood by everyone in the group b Ban negative comments d All of the above Subject guides are especially helpful when a you have limited knowledge in a subject area b you want to see the breadth of a subject c when you want to see a list of reliable links d any of the above 33 3 4 35 3 0 3 l 38 3 O 40 4 42 43 44 45 46 47 Many subject guides allow searching a manual c random b network d keyword Subject guides focus your search toward more reliable or resources a expert c subjective b narrow d biased return fewer results than search engines but the results are more likely to be reliable and useful a Subject guides c Internet guides b Directories d Directory engines Subject guides organize links to Web sites into topical a annotations ers b hierarchies d trees Subject guides are also referred to as 7 a subject directories c subject trees b Internet directories d all of the above WWW Virtual Library and the Open Directory Projects are examples of 7 subject guides a wide c onsite b distributed The first Web subject guide was a Infomine c b LII d WWW Virtual Library In a subject guide clicking categories might direct your browser to a site on a different Web server a distributed federal b federated d fractured d Boolean Open Directory Project A subject guide s 7 contains only the annotations keywords and subject headings assigned to the selected Web pages a database c directory b list d index pages are an excellent source of reliable Web resources a Trailblazer c Search b Companion d Subject pages usually provide not only links to useful sites but also several logical wellorganized ways of navigating them a Rogue c Structure b Renegade d Trailblazer Whenever you nd a great site that you know you will want to reference again save it as 7 so you can return to it easily a a favorite or a bookmark c a text le b a local HTML le d a word processing Librarians often create trailblazer pages for specific classes or subject areas so ask for suggestions at your library s 7 desk a circulation c documents b information d reference A is server software that lets anyone using a Web browser create and modify Web page content a social site c media b wiki d reference Most specialty search tools have an 7 link which explains their focus a Advanced c History b Customer d About or Help 4 00 49 5 O 5 52 5 W 5 4 5 kl 56 5 l 58 59 6 O The invisible Web is also called the Web a low c deep b hidden d dark About percent of the information on the Web is largely hidden from the View of traditional search engines a 73 8 c 935 b 891 d 99 8 Directory searches often provide better results using a a first name c just an initial b a middle initial Electronic versions of thousands of periodical titles are available in such as ProQuest and Info Trac a periodical dishes c subscription postings b subscription databases d database logs d just a last initial An periodical is typically published by a commercial publisher and targeted at knowledgeable readers with a possibly technical background a scholarly c entertainment b popular d general interest Vertical portals are often referred to as 7 a portals c vortals b gateways d databases Large gateways called 7 create access to different segments of government information a vortals c access points b portals d browsers Online reference sources include 7 a dictionaries c directories b encyclopedias d all of the above Some 7 are general or personal and some are a mustread for a speci c audience such as a professional cultural group a blogs c QampA sites b tagging sites d collaborative harvesters Social search works well for nding 7 material that requires informed opinions a objective c substantiated b subjective d scholarly targeting analyzes frequently used words in your blog to match ads to blog content a Visibility c Twitter b Placement d Contextual What is NOT a bene t of joining a professional network a Connecting with potential employers c Doing background checks b Collaborating on research Finding potential employees Which of the following is the least likely to come back to haunt you if you post it on your wall on Facebook A link to a blog about a social or political c a Photographs from a wild party you issue you feel strongly about attended over the weekend b Information about vacation plans d Landscape and wildlife photographs from including dates and the duration of your trip the safari you recently went on Matching a Boswell Wend quotDIV Alternative Energy Projects 395 Lflehacker C 39 30 Jun 2006 0 r quot 1 y i 21 Jul 2009 mquot I 7 51 Websitetjtle 7 52 Webpagetitle 7 53 Internet address 7 54 Dateviewed 7 55 Author Match Zach arm with am most dcmdiz dzscrlptlml below d 39 Web g keywords b search engines h ernet c subject 39 s i rnetasearch engines d Internetsearchtools j citationformats e spi s k specialty search tools f search query 1 algorithms 7 55 services that locate informa ononthe Web 7 57 words that describe the major concepts ofyour search topic 7 68 a repository ofinfmmation stored on computers all over the world 7 59 tellsthesearchtoolspeci callywhatinforma onisneeded 7 70 locates Web pages that contain keywords you enter in a search form 71 7 72 a vast global network ofinterconnected sinallernetworks 7 73 tyleguidesthatstandardizehow citationsarewritten 7 74 locatesWebpagesthat arehiddenfmmtraditional search engines 7 75 mathematical formulas used by search engines Match thz Baalzarl 22 20 thzlr dZSL lelUVlS bzlaw 7 75 Exclusion ofthedogs set A 7 7 77 Exclusion ofthe cats set 7 78 Set ofpages ontheWeb containingtheworddogs m M 7 79 Intersection ofthe two sets 7 80 Set ofpages on the Web containing the word cats eats is l uh mu dais wk nu Vivi 39 iii1 7 ans e 7 menu may tings ingsauu m cats 81 8 00 WN 84 8 co gnu 8 8 00 9 O 9 9 9 4 9 9 l 9 00 G W o Match each term with the most accurate description below a 1 ters g omam b complex searches h metasearch engines c Venn diagrams i syntax d Boolean operators AND operator e default operator k parentheses f Boolean logic mathematical syntax used by search engines define relationships between keywords Boolean operator automatically assumed by a search engine narrow a search by screening out some Web content use Boolean operators visually represent searches using Boolean operators simultaneously search multiple search engines one way to narrow a search a way to force the order of operation in a Boolean search a special set of rules Match the word with its correct description a white paper g webinar b epersona h reputation management rm c mentor i eportfolio d corporate blogger visibility e cyber bullying k deep Web f headline l Webmaster an employee who writes an online log about products and services offered by a company a personal home page with links to an individual s online information harassing an individual online an online seminar your online presence a level of the Web that includes databases and public records that traditional search engines don t search a measure of how easy or difficult it is to find you online for example on Facebook informational report about a topic of interest to members of a professional organization the main descriptor of a member on a professional networking site like LinkedIn professional who guides someone along a career path IT 150G Final Exam Review Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE ANS B OW F M eP NE m U1 N N gtUUUUDUgtDgtUUUUDgtUUWOOUWUWWUgtOOUOWgtWgtOUUOWgtWUU HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH REF REF Internet Research 2 REF REF Internet Research 4 REF REF Internet Research 12 REF REF Internet Research 25 RE REF Internet Research 26 REF REF Internet Research 32 REF REF Web 20 26 27 REF REF Web 20 24 REF REF Web 20 24 REF REF Web 20 52 REF RE Internet Research 51 REF REF Internet Research 52 RE REF Internet Research 53 REF E 6 gt71 6 Web 20 6 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 6 Internet Research 6 Internet Research 14 Internet Research 16 Internet Research 26 Internet Research 26 Internet Research 29 Internet Research 30 Internet Research 32 Internet Research 40 Web 20 26 27 Web 20 40 Web 20 32 Web 20 34 Web 20 25 Web 20 48 Web 20 54 Internet Research 51 Internet Research 51 Internet Research 52 Internet Research 52 Internet Research 53 Internet Research 55 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 MATCHING 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 UOUWgtUWOUWOUOUWUgtUgtU FW Equot W TJDgtCDU gt 1m050 gtUUU TJO gt11 HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH REF REF REF RE REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF Web 20 79 REF REF gt71 REF REF REF REF REF RE REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF gt71 REF REF REF REF REF REF Internet Research 56 Internet Research 58 Internet Research 58 Internet Research 58 Internet Research 58 Internet Research 63 Internet Research 74 Internet Research 74 Internet Research 75 Internet Research 76 Internet Research 80 Internet Research 81 Internet Research 82 Internet Research 82 Internet Research 84 Internet Research 88 Internet Research 88 Web 20 76 Web 20 70 Internet Research 17 Internet Research 17 Internet Research 17 Internet Research 17 Internet Research 17 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 16 Internet Research 2 Internet Research 14 Internet Research 27 Internet Research 27 Internet Research 27 Internet Research 27 Internet Research 27 Internet Research 26 IT 1506 Test 2 Study Guide Social Factor Chapter 3 Wikis o What are the key characteristics of wikis o How are wikis used 0 What is tacit knowledge 0 How do wikis spread tacit knowledge 0 What are common activities in wikis o What are the advantages and disadvantages of wikis Chapter 4 Blogs Your Personal News Outlet 0 How are blogs different from wikis 0 Push versus pulls 0 Common characteristics of blogs 0 What are some of the best practices for blogs Chapter 5 Tagging and Social Clouds o What is tagging 0 How do folksonomies relate to tagging 0 What are the two types of clouds o What do tag clouds represent 0 Frequently mentioned needs for expertise location are 0 What is the difference between categorizing and tagging Chapter 7 Social Media and Culture 0 What is social media 0 What examples of social media did we discuss o How are they used in business 0 Actions to leverage social networking 0 What issues of culture did we discuss o What is your perspective on each Chapter 8 Open Source 0 What is open source 0 The two elements of open source creation are IT 1506 Test 2 Study Guide 0 What parts of the open source creation cycle repeat 0 Phase of the evolution of software and data storage 0 Key attributes of open source software 0 The cost of each 0 What are the challenges of open software Chapter 10 Social Innovation 0 What is needed for social innovation to take place 0 What are the tasks of the innovator role 0 What are the tasks of the first adopter role 0 What are the tasks of the early adopter role 0 What feedback is required to make social innovation successful 0 What areas of business are improved by using social innovation 0 How long does it take to see the effects of using social innovation Chapter 11 Social Economy 0 Components of a traditional economy 0 Components of a social economy 0 Name a system that uses components of both economies o What is the relationship between technology adoption and gross domestic product 0 What is knowledge spillover o How dies it effect GPD o What causes the hype cycle 0 How do the adoption cycle and the hype cycle relate to each other Chapter 12 Mobile Society 0 What are the expectations of mobile service users 0 What are characteristics of virtual worlds 0 Give an example of a virtual world 0 What do mobile services provide to business IT 1506 Test 2 Study Guide Internet Research Unit B Constructing Complex Searches 0 How Venn Diagrams help clarify searches 0 What are Boolean operators 0 How are they used in searches 0 What techniques can be used to limit searches Web 20 Unit A Research 20 o What is Web 20 What collaboration tools are available What is the difference between a metasearch engine and a subject guide What I the difference between the three levels of sources How can you find a primary source if you have a tertiary source How can a web source s domain help you determine validity Unit B Finding Media for projects What are the issues around intellectual property 0 What is copyright infringement o What is fair use 0 List types of work protected by copyrights What purposes fall under the fair use of information and media 0 What purposes do not qualify for fair use What is Creative Commons 0 What kinds of media does Creative Commons have What information is given in a terms of use agreement Unit C Collaborating and Sharing Information List Web 20 technologies WhatareusesofWeb20 39 39 39 for39 39 and u o IT 1506 Test 2 Study Guide 0 What is the purpose of a blog 0 What is the problem with an online poll being biased 0 List benefits of collaborative software Unit D Perfecting Your Online Persona 0 List elements ofan online persona o What are the issues surrounding an imposter profile 0 How can professional organizations help you I I o What are the differences between social U and r o What problems could be caused by ads on your blog 0 What security issues exist for online personas o What is an eportfolio Data Representation 0 Name the two data classification types 0 Good graphical representations do what 0 Bad ones do what 0 Name different forms of graphical representations 0 What data is appropriate for each 0 Why are labels for graphical representations so important Library Research Tools Visit and Module 4 Library Research Tools 0 What are the two Boolean operators we are using for research 0 What does each do for your search broaden or narrow o What techniques can be used to search for variations of a search term 0 What is the method of source evaluation mentioned 0 What services to help you with research does the library offer Module 4 Locating Sources 0 What does a library catalog do 0 What two library catalog styles were mentioned in the module Objectives 0 Understand copyright 0 Use Creative Commons 0 Find images Find video Find music Objectives cont d 0 Obtain permission and credit sources 0 Understand terms of use 0 Post your files online 0 Protect the rights to your work Understanding Copyright I Copyright law Category of intellectual property law Gives authors of original works a monopoly on their work for a limited time Components of copyright I Originality I Fixation I Expression Understanding Copyright I Copyright protection I Duration I Lasts life of author plus 70 years I US Copyright Office Web site wwwlcopyright ov Gives you a bundle of rights I To make copies I To create a new work based on the original a derivative work I To distribute copies I To perform or display the work publicly and digitally mar 1 Pulpom and maramr cf use ramquot 3 Ammuquannty and quality Fatquot 4 E e on me malke Nonpm t educational urpose Dmmz pulposa uansfonnauva um mdsm Walk is fan of quotammoquot a Fador Z 39 Nalure 01 mpy ghlad wvrk Mllshed w rk I i ll Dana mal 39 Small amwm Mauve h MID E iab pm r 5am purch as onynm use is no Inquot rmalive Emenammem not palody 019m wmkhas mung npyrighl native Unpub i ved wwrk copyright mnet gets Ia decide It Large amount u 1 luvmrk Umnsem royalty requeued w resume and could 39IIIVE been id Work B mad zvallable everywme Understanding Copyright 0 Copyright infringement 0 Unauthorized use of rights of a copyright holder 0 Even accidental infringement can lead to penalties 0 Works no longer protected by intellectual property law are in the public domain 0 No one owns them or controls their use 0 Content can be used and modified Using Creative Commons 0 Creative Commons CC licensing 0 Offers an easy way to assign copyright 0 Lets creators decide which rights to retain while allowing others to use the work under certain conditions selected by the owner I Owner can choose type of license require simple attribution restrict commercial use or not allow derivative use I User can download work confident that owner s intentions for use are clear Vaur page migm differ o vmsm wary Click to View license types num Inn NM mm nun mam muunum mummy hum mum v5 Am mum n Clink mark huxestn mavimizc upmms var T h 39 usmgwnm ypcscnm 7 39 Ieunlme m w Searchamesrtes H00 239 Va Aquot V nnhm 4 WV x r Mun mm mm myW mm a I a i quotr lrgmir g mEm f m llunlu v xuuusu tangw u Finding Images 0 Use a standard search engine 0 Timeconsuming and ineffective 0 Search photosharing sites 0 Users post CC licensed or public domain content such as flickrcom quotFEZkrw Photos hmken uul hy r hnense was Your WIN differ Cluckm VIEW mm MU speci c tense Finding Video 0 Search for CClicensed videos on flickr 0 Web sites like YouTube or Hulu prohibit you from downloading video 0 Use Internet Archive 0 Nonprofit organization that works with Library of Congress to provide free access 0 Houses various media 0 Well known for its collection of usable content will 11mm Type search terms here Curators Choice selections 1m mmwmu mayLuura v m 391 k u mum mm A 9 mm Finding Video 0 Right of publicity 0 Protects against use of an individual s likeness for commercial advantage 0 Right of privacy 0 Protects us from interference with our right to be left alone and to protect ourselves from unwarranted publicity 0 Model release is needed when using photosvideo for commercial purposes and the individual is recognizable Finding Music 0 Search for CClicensed music on Internet Archive Web site such as jamendocom 0 Legal purchase of a song gives you certain rights of personal use 0 To properly post a song on the Internet permission a license is required mi mm mm mind mm uw nwn Amydud w than M mum w a byquot Ind W mick in sea hnw jamennn Wm Ynur snnas gamut will differ um um creative commons lecuvwrveuu 15vava Wu 4 rmmmnmw mymmummy Yo mm 01wa mmmmmpm summm Armva quotMuenmm mum g ma mm a nancmmmdu weanzlngy Undev me folhwlrlg Cm ldons Ycumualnmmxmavmv tulna mnm w39mlmn mm um mun auncnad m mum manna M mu m 1 GW we aim Obtaining Permission and Crediting Sources 0 Getting permission to use a work versus crediting the creator of the work 0 Using a work improperly may result in unpleasant legal action Obtaining Permission and Crediting Sources 0 Permissions request should include specifics about what you want to use and how you want to use it media prim and Web text musk and audio animation and video nlil Images and an possible cunkarts Wlll i publisher Web Sile owner ii image ii an eiebnlxi right oi puniuuiy protection may tie iniiohied ompnsei songquot gt um mum mug irpubiK perimmanie ASEAP or BM litemmg organmmms madman wiiipa disuibuzor aziuis direcim pioduw sciemwniei Cream museum gaiieiy ii printed Image publisher Obtaining Permission and Crediting Sources 0 Silence is not always golden 0 Do not assume you have permission to use a work until you actually receive it 0 Giving credit doesn t get you off the hook 0 Attribution is no defense against infringement Understanding Terms of Use I Learning how to find and negotiate terms of use involves I Locating terms of use I No universal standard on where terms of use appear or how informative they are I Look for links such as Terms Terms of Use Copyright FAQ About Me About Us etc Using terms of use I Terms should clearly identify copyright status or licensing and how users can use materials I If you don t agree with the terms don t use the site I tvjzgqm WM Em mg I m mg 1mm WM Scan and mgme An maliwn ad lslor mmm phnla is The mum photo 5 Ad armuyauecu mmmartial use mauve work npisd quotmm for photo x NOT W USE min1am Web ad x weighs again x weigh against x weighs against Xweghs agaim fairuse fairuse muse iaivuse Compare numemk Nanpmm ma lty nimamy IE educatiuna Mnippezs am pub Use man lt1 min sicquot alumna dass Projecth ml mum mauve walks snippeuimdenlalln auxrmaxmrur WU m s lair quotweigm for falr use 39weighs w Xweigm agaim39t a weighs x use alr use lah use Protecting the Rights to Your Work 0 Register a work with the Copyright Office 0 Legal advantages I Clearly establishes you as copyright owner if someone infringes your work you can file suit for statutory damages or attorneys fees I If your work is pirated you can prevent pirated copies from entering the United States 0 Include a copyright notice with your work 0 Insert a digital watermark in image or file Ideation Process The Social Factor Chapter 9 What do you see What do you see List ten things this could be Talk to two of your neighbors I Now list five more ideas you thought of by listening to your neighbors ideas What is Ideation Occurs when individuals or groups generate ideas The point is to produce an idea that can be further explored Thinking about abstract thoughts that apply to a specific situation When this is done with other people it is collaboration Often a formalized process What do you gain by collaborating What do you gain by collaborating 0 Different experience What do you gain by collaborating 0 Different experience 0 Different culture What do you gain by collaborating 0 Different experience 0 Different culture 0 Different sensitivities 0 The list goes on Businesses using Collaboration Eli Lilly Crowdsourcing as a concept came to be more widely known after James Surowiecki s Wisdom of Crowds was published in 200411 But some companies had been practicing the crowds concept well before then Pharmaceutical giant Eli Lilly launched nnoCentivecom as an inhouse innovation incubator1Z The company originally used the site to post problems that its employees had been unable to solve and from the beginning the site saw positive results immediately helping Lilly solve more than onethird of the problems posted Businesses using Collaboration IBM From the earliest days of IBM founder TJ Watson recognized the importance of employee participation in the innovation process This participation began as a simple wooden box labeled IDEAS into which employees could drop their suggestions Eventually this rustic and somewhat inefficient system morphed into the agile socially networked ThinkPlace an alwayson ideation portal open to all employees in more than 2000 locations and 230 countries worldwide Social Ideation Best Practices Executive buyin Get visible commitment from senior leadership for the social ideation process from idea submissions to idea adoption and rewards Endtoend innovation Establish an innovation management process addressing all steps from ideation through adoption Advance budget commitment Identify available investment resources not just for Jam costs but also for prototyping and adoption


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.