Soc 150, week 8
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thanh Notetaker on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 150 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Sheldon Zink in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 257 views. For similar materials see Priciples of Sociology in Sociology at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 03/17/16
SOC 150 Week Eight (March 15 and 17 ) th Contains: Chapter 10: The Architecture of Stratification Terms and Definitions: Stratification: Ranking system for groups of people that perpetuates unequal rewards and life chances in society The 4 main forms of stratification are: 1) Slavery: Economic form of inequality in which some people are legally the property of others 2) Caste System: Stratification system based on heredity, with little movement allowed across strata 3) Feudal/ Estate system: Stratification system in which high status groups own land and have power based on noble birth Some ways to achieve lands: Settling of new lands, Takeover through war, Inheritance, Marrying to the wealthy family 4) Social Class system: Stratification system based on social class. (in most industrialized societies) Class Distinctions: 1) Upper Class: In a society stratified by social class, a group of people who have high income and prestige and who own vast amounts of property and other forms of wealth, such as owners of large corporations, top financiers, rich celebrities and politicians, and members of prestigious families 2) Middle Class: In a society stratified by social class, a group of people who have an intermediate level of wealth, income, and prestige, such as managers, supervisors, executives small business owners, and professionals. 3) Working Class: In a society stratified by social class, a group of people who have a low level of wealth, income, and prestige, such as industrial and factory workers, office workers, clerks, and farm and manual laborers 4) Poor: In a society stratified by social class, a group of people who work for minimum wage or are chronically unemployed Prestige: The respect and honor given to some people in society Power: The ability to affect decisions in ways that benefit a person or protect his or her interests. Social mobility: Movement of people or groups from one class to another Working poor: Employed people who consistently earn wages but do not make enough to survive Poverty: Absolute Poverty: Inability to afford the minimal requirements for sustaining a reasonably healthy existence Relative Poverty: Individuals’ economic position compared to the living standards of the majority in the society Poverty line: Amount of yearly income a family requires to meet its basic needs, according to the federal government Poverty rate: Percentage of people whose income falls below the poverty line