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by: Alexandrea Rosenbaum


Alexandrea Rosenbaum
GPA 3.74

Jay Lockenour

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About this Document

Jay Lockenour
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandrea Rosenbaum on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 864 at Temple University taught by Jay Lockenour in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see /class/215458/hist-864-temple-university in History at Temple University.


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Date Created: 09/28/15
1142009 10700 PM Military Revolution o Between 1500 and 1800 profound changes in the technology and techniques of warfare drastically increased the costs of outfitting military forces These higher costs of outfitting military forces These higher costs created strong financial pressures on medieval states that only centralized and efficient modern states could survive o Causes of the Military Revolution 0 Gunpowder o Fortifications Much more expensive and necessary 0 Armies become larger Increased cost of Military 0 Competition Even small increase can bring lots of power since city states are so small o Effects of the Military Revolution 0 Large Armies 0 Modern bureaucratic states 0 Militarized societies 0 Global Empires o Gunpowder o Gunpowder first used in china c 100 CE primarily for religious purposes 0 Made castle obsolete 0 Appears in Europe by 1326 CE and quickly adapted for military purposes o Early Artillery o Earliest cannons crude heavy unreliable 0 Stone or iron shot 0 Often constructed onsite o Expensive Bronze heavy o Devastating to medieval fortresses The Great War 19141918 c Background to War 0 Triple Alliance Germany AustriaHungary Italy 0 Triple Entente France Russia Great Britain 0 AustriaHungary and the Balkins AH had lots of interests in Balkins region but had problem that Balkins had lots of different ethnicities inside their borders who wanted to be able to form their own nation states AKA Serbia Ottoman empire had control of Balkins but was losing power quickly 0 July Crisis 1914 o FranzFerdinand and trialism Next in line to become emperor in AH in favor of a policy called tiralism creating a 2 way power for Austria Hungary and Slav s Serajevo Visit PR trip to promote self as friend to the Slav s Gavrillo Prinzip Black hand a State of Serbia sends cell of assassins to assassinate Franz n Didn t want Austria to be strong wanted to have their own independence Assassination 28 June 1914 1142009 10700 PM 1142009 10700 PM


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