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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandrea Rosenbaum on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST848 at Temple University taught by DavidWatt in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see /class/215459/hist848-temple-university in History at Temple University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
An1encan RevohJUonsSepten1ber 02092009 091300 Rhode Island Mississippi founded by Slavery Much money to begin Brown University came from Slave trade Delaware PA and NY also benefited Southern Conference for Human Welfare Aimed to integrate the south Interracial meetings Banned in Birmingham AL 1938 Conference Bill Conners was there to make sure that meeting was segregated Eleanor Roosevelt sat with the Blacks Conners had her moved went back and forth lt Isabella Van Wagenen First language was Dutch Grew up mostly around white people Born in the 18th century Changed her name to Sojournar Truth Was Sojournar Truth s life as a slave completely different then her life after she freed herself Revolution Positive connotation 0 Often use the word revolutionary Breakthrough to convince people that something is good Many not just 4 Revolutions generally make some groups of peoples lives worse NOT Just positive 0 French revolution made life worse for devout Catholicspowerful women ect Often lead to huge shifts of population 0 Emigration 0 After American Revolution Canada had spike in population 0 Often leads to lots of people dying 0 French revolution 37000 died as direct result Can be argued that millions died depending on what you count 0 Human revolutions almost never change everything 0 People still need to eat they still fail in love carry the same habits ect 90404 Recitations What is a revolution 0 Shift in status quo 0 Change alteration 0 Change is usually positive but does have neative effect on some people 0 Old terms were astronomy related like the earths revolution around the sun 0 Political or regimen change 0 Cultural Revolution Age of Revolution 0 17761783 0 Haitian revolution slave revolt became 1st independent Caribbean island 1783 0 French and Latin American revolutions as well Sojourner Truth 0 North begins almost immediate emancipations of slavery none in south till Civil War Black Elk 0 Forced move of Native Americans to the west lt Scientific revolution Native Americans did have famous rebellions the Battle of wounded knee Creation of Atomic Bomb Interplay bw religion and science Made United States more powerful changed the way war is fought and what is and what is not acceptable Regan Revolution The Great Awakening ect Interests in religious beliefs inflates in 80 s with Bill Bright Changed view on government less is more conservative revolution Less the Better New way to think about government lt 090909 lt Midterm Evaluate the following observation Sojourner Truth 5 life was identical in every single respect to the life of Isabela Van Wagen Painter was born in Texas in 1942 then moved to California Settled in Oakland Cali strong African American community some what separate form other races Educate at multiple Ivy league schools Elected President of multiple historic organizations very charismatic person The kind of person who people project their own feelinsg of Strong Black Women onto Isabella Van Wagen 0 Don t know as much as we want to 0 Know less about her because she had relatively les power then leaders forced painter to read against the grain 0 Know enough about her to know that thinking of her as the symbol of Strong Black Women Invincible and invulnerable doesn t do her justice to the obstacles in her life 39 Important dates a u 1787Born 1807 or 1808 Left one way of life and first auctioned as a slave Fall of 1826 Ceases to legally be property of John Demont 1827 Becomes free in the state of NY 1842 June 15 Became Soujerner truth O O O O O O Lived in the City of New York Upstate Reminds you of Vermont a little bit Very New England like Settled some by New England Yankees and the Dutch Knew 2 languages well enough to be fluent Dutch and English Knew a good deal about stories and Ideas in the Christian bible knew enough about our legal system to take people to court and to win She was illiterate perhaps only able to sign her name 39 What information we have about her comes 2 d hand Voice started out high pitch later on became low People often called it a mans voice was also a powerful voice She could out speak or out preach many famous men Very tall 5 11 or so very thin gave of the appearance of vitality and strength Never a part of a cohesive black community 39 When in NY mostly hun out wWhite People D Wasn t a cohesive white community from 1840 1860 s in big cities like NY or Philadelphia People thought their were different races like British Irish Dutch ect British protestants thought Irish were subhuman and ape like Associated them wdisease and inferiority When born her parents weren t slaves really Lived in a cottage and used the land surrounding Cottage owned by Hardenburg Owed him a certain amount of days of labor for use of the cottage When Hardenburg dies his son took over the estate when that happened moved Isabella and her parents to the Cellar in the house where he lived life became more slave like 39 in 1807 Hardenburg Jr Charles put Isabella up for auction and she became a slave in the fullest sense of the word Almost immediately beaten by new owners for not following orders she was given Did not follow orders bc they were given in English and she only spoke Dutch D Lived in a weird world where she was not completely a slave but not completely free NY had a law that would make her free in the 1820 s Can date her becoming a free women the fall of 1826 when she left John DeMont s control DeMont tried to bring her back to slavery but the family that she was living with paid DeMont 20 dollars to go away Fully and legally free July 4th 1827 Senses where she was not free as long as she remained Isabella according to Painter As long as she was Isabella she had a somewhat servile temper Was beaten and sexually abused displayed affection to people who mistreated her as well as loyalty 91509 New world slavery came into existence about 1500 lasted almost until 1900 More precisely it ceased to exist in the late 1880s New World slavery enjoyed FULL support of nations and empires that ruled the America s 0 Slave defined as property of his or her owner Like livestock or possessions 0 Under obligation to follow master wherever their master went 0 In theory slavery was permanent and could never be escaped Capitalism 0 Slaves were about producing goods that could be turned into money The job of a new world slave was to become a tool to enable their owner to make a profit 1300 o Slavery has almost disappeared from northern Europe 0 Was an accepted part of life in regions that surrounded the Mediterranean sea 39 Slaves had been used in Italy in order to cultivate sugar plantations o The form of slavery in the British Colonies in North America was in most situations an imitation of forms of slavery that had been developed elsewhere Centrality 0 16001800 during these two centuries the number of free human beings that migrated from Europe to the Americas is smaller than the number of people forced to cross the Atlantic in chains from Africa At least 10 million D 9 million Africans died on the trip to the new world across the Atlantic 25 million died in transportation to the ship At least 14 million died before they even got to the shore Majority of Africans went to Brazil or Puerto Rico or Venezuela 6070 percent of the 10 million Only about 6 percent were brought to what is now the United states 1860Beginning of the War that Ended Slavery 0 about 23 s of all the slaves in the New world were in the American South No Slaves north of Delaware US late to abolish slavery Britain abolished it in 11833 and a series of revolutions in Spanish Americas in 1820 s causing it to be abolished there Most parts of the new world more slaves died then were born Rough numerical equality between men and women In the US you are either white or black Legal system set up that there are only 2 races and only 2 status free or slave All blacks were supposed to be slaves and all whites were supposed to be free Not what happened but the southern ideal T 39 Throughout the fist half of the 19 century people living in the US came to believe that slavery could not be tolerated a minority of Americans came to believe that slavery was an intolerable evil and the tensions bw people that believed this and those determined to protect the institutions of slavery at all costs ended up creating the American Civil War Almost by accident The Civil War lead to the abolishment of Slavery again by accident The war was to preserve the union D African Americans opposed to slavery willing to die for it D Many thought slavery was incompatible with the rights of man D People came to believe it was unChristian to own slaves Quakers owned slaves though 0 1750 Christians believed that Slavery is an offense against God 92109 Differences Isabella was in Abusive relationships ST was famous for political and religious views 0 Abolition of slavery women s rights 0 Temperance for Death penalty against ST had a home ST very active in community Isabella literal Mammy character 0 ST turned it from a servile to a powerful position Isabella slave 0 ST NOT a servile person ST higher class then Isabella Similarities Both Religious Both Were in NY 0 Both Illiterate 0 Creole s 0 Be a part of white networks of influence as well as be around black community Moved between worlds 0 Powerful speaker 0 Neither expected to die a slave ST 0 Important dates 0 O O O O O O 1843 Created 1844 Time when she was an itinerate preacher traveling through long island CT and Mass Thought that Jesus would return to earth world would end 1850 Publication of ST s Narrative 1851 attends a women s right convention in Akron OH Ain t I a Woman but didn t ever say it 1863 Publication of an article in The Atlantic called The Libyan Sibelquot when ST becomes a nationally famous feature Harriot Beacher Stow falsely presents ST as the figure and story 39 Alludes that she had a deep southern accent she did not Alludes that she was dead she was not 1865 ST is living in NYC working with former slaves and in defiance of custom ST rides on street cars 1880 Still traveling country giving public speeches advocating abolition of death penalty and supporting temperance 1883 Died Reported to be well over 100 years old probably about 86 0 ST thought she could communicate with the dead would hold sciances 0 ST thought Jesus was going to return in the near future With William Miller traveled with him and believe Jesus was coming He decided that bw the bible and the Torah that in Jewish year 5603 coincided with March 1843March 1844 O Reward faithful punish wicked when He returned 0 ST was very in favor of vengeance Wanted the wicked to get what was coming to them 0 Painter 183 song she sang in April 1864 to a segregated crowd all black people lt 92309 What to do on the MidTerm lt Demonstrate that you ve read and reread the text 0 Quotes 0 Refer to specific incidents 0 Simply say as painter says on pages 7374 use names dates and location 0 Revolution of New World Slavery and Abolition of new world slavery 0 Important to remember that people in the past really are far more different from us that is sometimes assumed lt ST 0 People loved her wonderful to hear her speak or be in her presence 0 Able to use humor to make her points 0 Sometimes people give preachers a little more slack 0 Didn t always present the world as one that would have God punishing white people for the evils of slavery pg 249 39 Told Fredrick Douglas that he was wrong bout how slavery would be abolished that it would not require armies and violence 39 Didn t push vengeance as much as others but when she did she involved humor 0 Was ST famous 0 Yes her fame outstripped that of Isabella 39 1860 s leading with presence and has an autobiography D Isabella s fame rested very largely on her religious activity thought of it as a religious cult NOT known for being a spokesman for black people throughout the nation or a n advocate for women s rights or an advocate of the abolition of slavery D SJ much more public and political fame Remained religious through her life D 1863 about to be millions of exslaves Nation fascinated by what they would be like Truth provided an answer D Provided an alternative to the standard white way of thinking about African American s 0 Truths Image changes from decade to decade Made her living off her fame 0 Created things that were postcard like that had things written I sell the shadow of the image to support the substance fame is what enabled her to buy a house Not to have to work as a domestic or a seamstress 39 This fame caused the actual ST to disappear 39 We don t fully understand ST Unlike Paris Hilton she was great at several things Best at confronting an angry crowd that might be trying to break up a meeting or to undercut her right to speak D Pg 105 pg 139 most famous episode 0 Isabella was literally a slave much of her life and had a slave life deference to those in authority and even when she ceased to be a slave she acted with servility ST had incredible bravery that replaced this emotionally physically and mentally Midterm 2 1 Catastrophe white men hunted bison almost to extinction taking their main source of food Although they won a few battles most of the time they suffered military defeat after military defeat 2 Disease 101909 When and where was the first atomic bomb exploded 0 1st July 6 1945 at 925 mountain time at Los Alamos New Mexico Trinity Trinity Nuclear Test or Trinity Experiment 0 Quoted Trinity from John Dunne his favorite poet and perhaps in tribute to Jean Tatlock possibly his lover who committed suicide earlier lt J Robert Oppenheimer was interested in religion read Hindu scripture in original language Member of ethical culture society Like Unitarianism only more extreme 0 Attachment to this was nor deep or long lasting didn t play a major part Lived a secular life Not a Jew 0 His family came from Europe All Jews Born in NYC in 1904 After graduating form HS in 1921 got sick sent to southwest to recover went to new mexico Then enrolled in Harvard in 1922 Graduated in 3 years did well in humanities and sciences After getting his PHD at Gottigon university moved to California Never won Nobel Price for Physics people say his interests were too broad to earn a noble prize cause he didn t have the focus for 1 achievement Possessed a 1st rate mind 0 Founder of modern American physics 0 Knew sciences and Humanities Had homicidal impulses o Tried to poison 1 and strangle another Complicated Love life 0 Gene Tatlock not sure that they had intercourse He was a non sexual person Possible lover 0 Got married in 30 s to Kitty had 2 children with her Volitle relationship No evidence that he was a communist in the 1930 s But he was active in radical politics and associated with the communist movement 0 NOT Sympathetic to Fascism and disgusted by how Nazi s treated Jews in Germany Realized it would be possibly to build an atomic weapon in mid to late 1930 s o Deeply worried that Hitler would use Germanys better physics knowledge to build an atomic bomb along with Albert Einstein 39 Many physicists were Jews so immigrated here 39 Through much of WWII americans felt like they were in a race to build the atomic bomb 0 845 Japanese time August 6 1945 atomic bomb flashed in Hiroshima 0 Could only speak of it in primitive childish terms Had no idea what hit them 02092009 091300 02092009 091300
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