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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber McGlynn on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to WOMSTD851 at Temple University taught by JudithLevine in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/215486/womstd851-temple-university in OTHER at Temple University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Social Construction of Gender Vincent story of a Woman Who dressed like a man trying to ful ll the gender role ofaman describes gender as a social construct Had to learn the part via observation even though on the outside she appeared the part When she cam out to Jim he rst assumed it Was ajoke continued to treat her as a male but a er she came out he Would tell her things he Would never tell a dude West amp Zimmerman gender as a social construct Sexbiological Gender Social construct of ideasbehaviorsroles that make males male and females female gender is something that is achieved Agnes young man Who identi es as female going through gender reconstructive surgery yet still has to learn how to be a female Gender is constructed via psychological cultural and social means that helps one fit into their sex category presumption of one s sex 39Ihome Separation ofgender in schools Separation ofgender urs early on in childhood name dress etc and schools reinforce it Segregation in school makes it easier for teachers to gain control over classroom boys and girls Societ 39 f enmmiun quot separate into aboys andgirls line Sapolsky testosterone levels and aggression testosterone levels aren t solely responsible for aggression Testosterone doesn t create the aggression it just exaggerates that Which is already present There is a biological basis in Which testosterone is necessary for aggression but the degree of aggression displayed aren t dependant on testosterone Masculinity Kimmel society has divisions and between the divisions are inequalities When in dominant group White male status doesn t really stand out When in dominant groups status doesnt really stand out When in less dominant groups status is important Women s status Traits are more obvious When there is some kind of nrgative recognition of them by society Males ar dominant so they have the freedom to go unexarnined and unnoticed Females are not dominant so they are scrutinized by society Kimmel longer homophobia masculinity comes from constant strive not to be feminine masculinitytough amp aggressive absenceopposite of femininity Homophobia builds the construction ofmasculinity Discourse like fag and no homo bolster masculinity Freud s odipous complex acting feminine threatens bond and approval from father male feminity is scary violent rejection Pascoe Homophobia comes from rejection of anything female in men Masculanity comes from the practices and discources of youths dominance expressed through sexualized discourses talking about sexual experienceswomans bodies Faggot is used When people act Weakunmanly not bc of sexual orientatio fag unmasculine gay sexual identity Calling other bo fag s is ajoking relationship that helps manage anxiety around the relationships Racial divisions line up With class divisions different treatmentexpectations of White and black males Workplace Inequality Rozie Movie Male dependant until men are unavailable to do work then women step up Distinct gender ideas are imposed but mostly worked bc they had to African American women were paid less Padavic workplace is a context for sex inequality Employers concentrate women and men in different workplaces amp assign different duties maintain sex differentiation Sex differentiation leads to unequal earnings authority and social statuses Sex inequality sex segregation sexual division of labor men with men women with women Williams male nursing females outnumber males in the profession Men are concentrated in administrative more advanced aspects ofthe field more money easier for men to playing basketball with males amp doctors to exclude females NY T Exam 1 5 Amanda Simpson first transgendered presidential appointee Billy Tipton US Jazz Musician who lived her life as a Albanian Famin Man when the eldest women in the family would take the male gender role when there was no male gure Made important decisions etc Afghan Children families dress girls as boys when they don t have a son The Second Shift EvanNancy Holt Evan unwilling to do household chores Nancy forced to quitj ob to complete housework toll on family life ancy tries to engage him in family life even though he s uninterested Nancy had low stande for husband bc her childhood family life low standards Uneven division of labor at homF uneven division of labor in the labor market women have to spend more time at home taking care of household work and cant devote as much time at their jobs Nina Peter Tanagawa Important for both to have jobs but Peters job would be more important Nina however ended upmaking more money and hurt Peters ego Peter was the nurturer w the kids good comforting little kids however he kept it in check to keep his masculinity Anne and Robert Both earn 3 Anne makes more than Robert but Robert works more hours so she takes on more responsibility domestically Babysitter spends more time with kids than she did tries to be supermom Ends up quitting job Carrington Same sex couples Similar to heterosexual couples in labor division one takes masculine role and other takes feminine role Carrington Reading Management ofgender identity Understanding who takes on more household chores can be seen by looking at incomes
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