Religion 135o, Test 3 notes
Religion 135o, Test 3 notes Rel 1350-15
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Carmony on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 1350-15 at Baylor University taught by Bennesh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Christian Heritage in Religious Studies at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 03/17/16
Thursday, May 19, y Religion Notes Test 3 —Zwingli influenced by Luthers salvation by grace; preached through the book of Matthew; specifically stressed the Old Testament; best known for sacraments (thought the Lords Supper was just memorial) he apposed it; his followers were the anabaptist and the Calvinists —The Anabaptists baptized adult people (rejected infants); “rebaptizers”; refused to swear oaths to anything, considered dangerous for this and could be executed sometimes, also completely followed the New Testament church ideas; main execution was drowning; one of the leaders “Leiden” was crowned “King David”; completely refused government and those who were allowed to follow it were lost sinners; some people drifted from anabaptism to spiritualism and relied on revelations to guide their act (this fueled persecution) —Calvinism dominated Protestant Reformation; he was a lawyer and humanist scholar; his three main propositions were: god is sovereign over his creation, humans are completely tainted by sin, the Holy Spirit is active in the life of Christians (predestination); Netherland were mainly Calvinist; believed government was entirely legitimate; Michael Servetus was burned at the stake for refused the idea of the Trinity —English Reformation Thomas Cranmer led the English Reformation and founded the church of England, major change was church services from latin to english, emphasized “adiaphora” which meant “things indifferent”; Queen Mary was known for the short 5 year reign called “bloody Mary” and then Elizabeth 1st stepped up; Elizabeth united by the book of common prayer —The Catholic Reformation 1 Thursday, May 19, y ideals were formed before the time of Luther, focused on personal piety and pastoral function of the church; good example of early catholic reform was “oratory”; a soldier, Ignatius believed the unity of the church was all important; council of Trent defined how the church could make decisions, believed people needed scriptures and the church, defended all 7 sacraments —Menno Simons rejected transubstantiation and infant baptism, mennonites believe in keeping the church pure through discipline known as the ban, believed in the lords supper as a memorial, pacifism. —Anne Askew an english protestant martyr was tortured at the tower of London befored being burned at the stake, distributed protestant literature and possessed banned literature —John Calvin the “Reformed tradition”is tied to his teachings; published the “Institutes of the Christian Religion”; known for his views on the sovereighnty of God, double predestination, and infant baptism as a sign of Gods covenant with the elect; his establishment of the “Holy Commonwealth” in geneva influenced English Protestantism seen in Puritan theology and Presbyterian polity —Westminster Confession defined orthodox theology for the church of england, adopted Presbyterian theology and polity, focuses on priority of scripture, the role of covenant in Calvinist thought and infant baptism as the sign of the covenant —Thomas Helwys english puritan separatist, with John Smyth he established the first Baptist church in the city of Amsterdam; his congregation characterized the later Baptist movement; in the “Mistery of Iniquity” he was the first English writer to call for religious liberty for all people —Council of Trent response of the Roman Catholic Church to call for reform within the Church and to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation; published “Decrees and Canons of the 2 Thursday, May 19, y Council of Trent”; they reaffirm the use of of the Latin Vulgate as the only translation of scripture —Ignatio of Loyola founder of the society of Jesus, wrote “Spiritual Exercises”which reflect his military training and was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church —Teresa of Avila founded covenants and helped reform monastic life in Spain, named a doctor of the church, wrote “The Interior Castle” and explores the mystical ascent of the soul to God through mental prayer 3
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