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Religion 135o, Test 3 notes

by: Brianna Carmony

Religion 135o, Test 3 notes Rel 1350-15

Marketplace > Baylor University > Religious Studies > Rel 1350-15 > Religion 135o Test 3 notes
Brianna Carmony
Baylor University

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These notes cover the reading for week one of test 3.
Christian Heritage
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Carmony on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 1350-15 at Baylor University taught by Bennesh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Christian Heritage in Religious Studies at Baylor University.

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Date Created: 03/17/16
Thursday, May 19, y Religion Notes  Test 3 —Zwingli ­influenced by Luthers salvation by grace; preached through the book of  Matthew; specifically stressed the Old Testament; best known for sacraments (thought  the Lords Supper was just memorial) he apposed it; his followers were the anabaptist  and the Calvinists —The Anabaptists ­baptized adult people (rejected infants); “rebaptizers”; refused to swear oaths to  anything, considered dangerous for this and could be executed sometimes, also  completely followed the New Testament church ideas; main execution was drowning;  one of the leaders “Leiden” was crowned “King David”; completely refused government  and those who were allowed to follow it were lost sinners; some people drifted from  anabaptism to spiritualism and relied on revelations to guide their act (this fueled  persecution) —Calvinism ­dominated Protestant Reformation; he was a lawyer and humanist scholar; his  three main propositions were: god is sovereign over his creation, humans are  completely tainted by sin, the Holy Spirit is active in the life of Christians  (predestination); Netherland were mainly Calvinist; believed government was entirely  legitimate; Michael Servetus was burned at the stake for refused the idea of the Trinity —English Reformation ­Thomas Cranmer led the English Reformation and founded the church of  England, major change was church services from latin to english, emphasized  “adiaphora” which meant “things indifferent”; Queen Mary was known for the short 5  year reign called “bloody Mary” and then Elizabeth 1st stepped up; Elizabeth united by  the book of common prayer —The Catholic Reformation 1 Thursday, May 19, y ­ideals were formed before the time of Luther, focused on  personal piety and  pastoral function of the church; good example of early catholic reform was “oratory”; a  soldier, Ignatius believed the unity of the church was all important; council of Trent  defined how the church could make decisions, believed people needed scriptures and  the church, defended all 7 sacraments —Menno Simons ­rejected transubstantiation and infant baptism, mennonites believe in keeping  the church pure through discipline known as the ban, believed in the lords supper as a  memorial, pacifism. —Anne Askew ­an english protestant martyr was tortured at the tower of London befored being  burned at the stake, distributed protestant literature and possessed banned literature —John Calvin ­the “Reformed tradition”is tied to his teachings; published the “Institutes of the  Christian Religion”; known for his views on the sovereighnty of God, double  predestination, and infant baptism as a sign of Gods covenant with the elect; his  establishment of the “Holy Commonwealth” in geneva influenced English Protestantism  seen in Puritan theology and Presbyterian polity —Westminster Confession ­defined orthodox theology for the church of england, adopted Presbyterian  theology and polity, focuses on priority of scripture, the role of covenant in Calvinist  thought and infant baptism as the sign of the covenant —Thomas Helwys ­english puritan separatist, with John Smyth he established the first Baptist  church in the city of Amsterdam; his congregation characterized the later Baptist  movement; in the “Mistery of Iniquity” he was the first English writer to call for religious  liberty for all people —Council of Trent ­response of the Roman Catholic Church to call for reform within the Church and  to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation; published “Decrees and Canons of the  2 Thursday, May 19, y Council of Trent”; they reaffirm the use of of the Latin Vulgate as the only translation of  scripture —Ignatio of Loyola   ­founder of the society of Jesus, wrote “Spiritual Exercises”which reflect his  military training and was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church —Teresa of Avila ­founded covenants and helped reform monastic life in Spain, named a doctor of  the church, wrote “The Interior Castle” and explores the mystical ascent of the soul to  God through mental prayer 3


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