Cutlural Anthropology Week 1
Cutlural Anthropology Week 1 ANT 204 - 09 (Anthropology, Angela L Reed, Introduction to Cultural Anthropology)
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Yaffa on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 204 - 09 (Anthropology, Angela L Reed, Introduction to Cultural Anthropology) at Grand Valley State University taught by Angela Lockard Reed in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Anthropology Notes week 1 September 2 2015 Topic 1 Brooke Yaffa What is Anthropology The study of humans in all times and places Applied Anthropology The use of knowledge and methods to solve problems All four subdisciplines of anthropology can be applied to real world problems Sub disciplines inclue Biological Anthropology Archeology Cultural Anthropology Linguistic Anthropology Biological Anthropology The systematic study of humans as biological organisms Relation to culture Effect of cultural activities on the body can be analyzed Applied to life Government organizations utilize the knowledge of forensic anthropologists during murder investigations and so on Linguistic Anthropology The in depth study of human languages 0 Description of language 0 History of language and how it develops and changes over time 0 Language interaction Relation to culture Words and slang help identify what a culture deems to be special and important This shows how people perceive themselves and the world around them Applied to life Linguistic anthropologists collaborate with indigenous communities and ethnic minorities in the preservation or revival of lost languages Archeology The study of human cultures and human behavior through recovery and analysis of material remains and environmental data Relation to culture Focuses on material culture utilizes and how that re ects on human behaviors Applied to life Cultural Resource Management Government policies for the protection of cultural resources involving surveys or excavating archaeological and historical remains threatened by construction or development Cultural Anthropology The study of customary patterns in human behavior thoughts and feelings o Focuses on cultureproducing and culturereproducing creatures 0 Shows how variations are effected by culture Relation to culture This is the study of culture as a whole Applied Cultural anthropologists often research different cultures by embedding themselves into said culture They often move into a village and study the people in depth through fieldwork observations surveys interviews ect Terms and Vocabulary Ethnography A detailed description of a particular culture The study and analysis of different cultures focuses on comparison Ethnohistory Historical Ethnography The study of cultures of recent past through oral histories Such as accounts left by explorers missionaries and traders Holism The various parts of culture must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence CultureBound ideology Theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one s own culture Ethnocentrism The belief that the ways of one s own culture are the only proper ones To make a negative judgment about a difference in culture Cultural Relativism One must suspend judgments on other practices in order to understand them Simple matter of respecting what you do not necessarily understand Culture Shared values and perceptions that are socially accepted The way in which the people of a culture think act and interact Society Interdependent people who all have their own values Each individual is important Culture vs Society Culture is a way of life You will find many different cultures within a society Ex Hispanic families within America Culture is learned Enculturation The process by which a society s culture is transmitted Cultural differences The same object or events frequently mean different things to people in different cultures Ex The peace sign in America means peace yet in Australia it is an insult The meaning of symbols or rituals within a culture is not always clear Ex Someone could have a hair stuck in their eye yet it might be construed as winking Things do not have the same meaning all the time Ex Usage of sarcasm Bronislaw Malinowski s Fundamental Levels of Needs Biological Needs come first Food and Procreation Followed by Instrumental Needs Law and Education Lastly you have Integrative Needs Religion and Art
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