Psychology Notes Chapter 4 Learning Part 2
Psychology Notes Chapter 4 Learning Part 2 PSY B110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by idk on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY B110 at Indiana University taught by Michelle Carroll in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Psychology Chapter 4 Notes Learning Continued Positive Reinforcement you get something pleasant out of that behavior and want to do it again Negative Reinforcement something removed from you because of your behavior Avoidance Learning a possibility with negative reinforcement the unpleasant thing doesn t even happen because you do a behavior that allows you to avoid it altogether Punishmentis the only reaction that will get rid of a behavior Punishment by application involves giving or applying something unpleasant or undesired to stop a behavior Punishment by removal involves taking away something pleasant or desired that is usually already there again with the goal of stopping a behavior Shaping will positively reinforce each little step that gets closer and closer to a goal behavior which are called successive approximations Schedules of reinforcement the rules for the delivery of reinforcement Continuoussimplest behaviors are reinforced every time Intermittentpartial some sort of rule or schedule has to be followed to get the reward Fixed ratio exact number Variable ratio an unpredicted number of times Fixed interval exact amount of times Variable interval unpredicted amount of time Learned helplessness the act of giving up trying as a result of consistent failure to be rewarded in life Habituation is repeated exposure to a single stimulus Modelingshowing us a behavior Vicarious reinforcementoccurs when a behavior increases as a result of watching or observing someone else receive reinforcement Vicarious punishmentis any time we make an examplequot out of somebody that persons punishment warns us about what not to do
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