Popular in The West in the World
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Lesson 10 The Columbian Exchange 0 Old World Europe Asia Africa 0 New World North amp South America Columbian Exchange 1492 0 Exchange of plants animals goods diseases microorganisms 0 Products of the Columbian Exchange 0000 0 Corn Soybeans Pigeons Sta rlings DandeHons Grasses o Diseases introduced to New World after 1492 o Smallpox most deadly O I High fever high temperature I Cause of 13 of childhood deaths I Major killer of many Native Americans few major diseases existed in the New World before the Columbian Exchange Measles o Typhus o Syphilis STD 1St outbreak in Italy around 1490 1505 it spread to port cities in China Spread by sailors to Old World amp New World I Doctors would taste the urine of patients for sweetness to check for diabetes I Would apply ointment to the ha rd sores with mercury I Very lethal but as centuries progressed the disease would become less deadly I People started developing immunity most lethal versions killed themselves off Exchange of Plants and Animals 0 Horses 0 Pigs 0 Sheep 0 Goats o Oxen Before 1492 Animals already in New World 0 Llama 0 Dogs 0 Turkey Various ducks Guinea Pig Plants 0 Seeds from olive trees 0 Grapes o VVheat NeoEurope o Crossing of Old World agriculture with New World 0 Introduction of New World crops to Old World Cornpopular in Africa Tomatoes Chili peppers Pineapple OOOO PotatoesIreland lst to cultivate potatoes I Easy to grow I Many we re concerned that you could come down with leprosy and flatulence I Flowers made farmers uneasy because they resembled nightshadea very poisonous flower 16501850 Population nearly doubles from 530 million to 11 billion Atlantic Slave Trade one way Africa Europe Asia ancestral backgrounds o 3 major streams of migration 0 Spain 0 Britain amp Mother Europe 0 Africa through slave trade Reasons for Atlantic Slave Trade 0 Labor Shortage in New World 0 Lots of resources not enough people to do the work 0 Native American Population 0 Drastically declined due to disease settlers looked to Africa for slaves around 1518 0 Starts slowly around 1500 s and then takes off around 1600 s 0 90 in Caribbean and Brazil 0 Tobacco 0 Cotton 0 Suga r Largest demand for labor Lesson 11 Luther and the German Reformation 0 People were concerned about Salvation 0 Catholic Church was the Universal Church at the time Martin Luther o Brought forth the idea of reformation 0 Many different denominations o Reformation begins in the German world around 1500 s 0 Author of 95 Theses 1517 Political Background 0 No real German country 0 Duke of Saxony ruled over Duchy of Saxony o Duchy of Saxony where Luther lived 0 Power restored with nobility of the Holy Roman Empire Luther 0 Member of Augustinian Order 0 Professor of University of Wittenberg o Ordained Priest 0 Clashed with church over the selling of indulgences especially with John Tetzel Indulgences 0 People could pay to have their sins forgiven amp save loved ones from purgatory 0 Would get a legal document and be recognized for a quotGood Work 0 Many believed that this was a quotticket to heaven 0 quotChart of Sins o Penance 0 Fees that fit the crime 0 Alternative to serious penance Example only bread and water for 7 years John Tetzel o Went from town to town with a quotChart of Sins selling indulgences to people based on a listing of prices 0 quotWhen the coin from the coffer rings the soul from purgatory springs o Luther was appalled by these campaigns 0 Writes up 95 Theses o Argues in favor of his principles 0 Nailed 95 Theses to Church doors Luther s Theology and Criticism 0 Critical of quotgood works being essential for salvation 0 Questions church s authority to sell indulgences 0 Highlights church s corruption 0 Led to many debates about religion and the church in general 0 Luther was excommunicated 0 Could be seized and executed as a heretic 0 Duke of Saxony protects Luther as one of his household servants o 1520 Luther publishes 3 Famous Pamphlets 0 quotAddress to the Christian Nobility o 1 Justification of Faith alone 0 2 Primacy of the Scriptures o 3 Priesthood of all believers o Merciful God v Sinful Humanity 0 Wanted to make Bible accessible to everyone 0 Translated bible into German 0 Argued that all believers should be perfectly grounded in scripture 1525 Luther gets married challenged that clergy should be able to get married Lutheran Ideas 0 Invention of the printing press helps spread of scripture and ideas 0 Johannes Gutenberg Inventor of the printing press with movable type 0 First printer of the Bible 0 Identicalcopiesmostly 0 Could cause some errorsexample quotThou shalt commit adultery 0 15171527 2 million copies of Luther s pamphlets were produced I Only 34 of German population were actually literate I German Nobility many converted to Lutheran ideas