Week Four Class Notes
Week Four Class Notes EDUC247010
Popular in The History of Education in America
Popular in Education and Teacher Studies
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia on Monday September 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC247010 at University of Delaware taught by Hampel,Robert L in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see The History of Education in America in Education and Teacher Studies at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
September 21 The 1920 and 1930s The Expansion of High Schools Redefinitions of Acceptable Behavior The Great Depression One question on the exam will be What did this exam leave out High school enrollment grew slowly in the 19th century though elementary schools experienced a real growth spurt partly because of child labor laws In 1890 about 110 adults had graduated high school in 1940 it was about half Now we get the idea of a dropout The idea of adolescence being its own distinct stage of life contributes to this The job market is now giving more and more advantages to those who have graduated high school Another factor a lot of kids dropped out because their parents needed their paycheck As the economy got better they were less reliant on their children and therefore they were able to go to high school Also high schools got rid of the entrance exam to get into high school They expanded the curriculum to include vocational training and created more extra circulars They began to group students by ability The idea was to offer something for everyone The current zeal for small schools is very new The original idea was to go as big as possible The Great Depression actually helped raise enrollment There were no jobs for kids so they stayed in school for the hope of getting a job when they came out The boom in college enrollment doesn t happen until after WWII With the rise of schools there was a greater and greater importance put on fitting in with your peers Mae West was a movie star in the 1920s Movies were very popular in the United States She is more riske than those before her She was the one who said is that a pistol in your pocket are you happy to see me Which got her in trouble with the TV censor Katharine Hepburn also reflects change She plays characters who dress more manly act more confident and are more assertive Still she is cast as women who when push come to shove want to get married The flapper comes out in the 1920 They wore skirts to their knees and kept their hair short They wore boyish hats that clung to your head so it wouldn t fall off when you danced Part of the reason why these changes came out is because people had money to spend on luxury Advertising is more sophisticated now Smoking cigarettes and wearing makeup is now appropriate for women who weren t prostitutes By the 1920s more people could afford cars This would give kids an opportunity to create spaces outside the home Still there was fear that cars invited mischief During the Great Depression the economy crashed in such a way that was unprecedented and hasn t been seen since Unemployment went from 325 Still enrollment in schools were rising so school teachers could still find work College enrollments rise a bit as well Still with the economy what it was it would help the family a lot if their children could get a part time job The National Youth program helped kids stay in school and find work This was a major change in the government s role in schools This was done partially out of the fear that the youth would radicalize as a response to the Great Depression September 23 The 1940s Wartime Dislocations Anxieties about juvenile delinquents The Life adjustment movement 1 page of notes is one front and back WWll came close to the Civil War in terms of the percentage of men who were gone Because of it about half of American women went into the workforce Not only that 15 million American women with young children had to workwithout the daycare centers we have now They went to their neighbor s house or to stay with relatives With the Great Depression people moved around to follow work Tons of black families moved from the south to the north for instance During the war the economy was better but people still couldn t live the way they wanted Car companies were focused on making planes and tanks and people had ration coupons for food The number of children who die before age 5 goes from 163 in 1900 and 1950 Medical advancements were amazing The field of mental health grows exponentially as well The best selling book in America in 1950 is Dr Spock s book In 1946 the school lunch becomes more widespread With men fighting and women working there was a lot of concerns about juvenile delinquents Comic books were one example They exploded in the 1930s and 1940s They often had graphic gruesome scenes People were concerned about how this would affect kids The Catholic Church is so upset that many churches collected and burned them A number of states banned them The Ten Cent Plague is about this They were clamped down on Mad magazine survives It s not as gruesome as the comic books but is still funny for kids The Life Adjustment movement the backdrop to this is the great enrollment boom Schools would push students to the next level even if they should be held backjust because it would be emotionally devastating not to They were looking to reorient the curriculum to help people with life more than advanced math and things like that That way people would be better adjusted to face life when they leave school This is when we get drivers ed for instance 30s and 50s and home ec One of the ways they did this was though short films shown in schools Some parents didn t like thisyou should learn what was and was not acceptable behavior from your family not from the state Others believed that it was just a waste of school time With the majority of youngsters in schools there is a lot of debate about what is and is not acceptable curriculum
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