ARTS chapter 4
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Date Created: 10/02/14
ARTS 2000 Professor McIntosh Fall 2014 Chapter 4 Deriving Meaning What is Art Criticism 0 Informed discourse about art to increase understanding and awareness Terry Barrett 0 A search for meaning Edmund Feldman Deriving Meaning 0 art and architecture have meaning how do we understand the message I formal analysis I content analysis I historical context I physical surroundings method of encounter I writings about art Formal Analysis the study of the elements and principles of art and how they are used in specific works 0 the arrangement of elements and principles is called composition is called composition Content Analysis 0 content an artwork s theme or message I conveyed through subject matter the substance of a work of art in contrast to its form 0 all works of art have subject matter even abstract or non objective works symbolic references iconographic references 0 subtext underlying ideas or messages 0 iconography system of symbols that refers to complex ideas can be embedded in many media including architecture I visual metaphor image or element that is descriptive of something else ex light ooding into a scene to refer to the presence of divinity I symbol image or element that stands for or represents some other entity or concept culturally determined and must be taught The in uence of context 0 context is the history physical surroundings and method of encounter of an artwork and it s audience the external conditions surrounding a work 0 it is important to know the context in which an artwork was created 0 physical surroundings location affects meaning events at a location can also change the meaning of an artwork 0 method of encounter encounter adds meaning what is the difference between looking at a photograph of a place and actually being in that place I in the museum viewers are limited to visually studying the works such as a drum but in the culture of origin it provided sound as part of a ritual Writings about art help us understand the full meaning 0 who writes about art I art critics art historians and academics and curators The meaning of an artwork is not fixed or permanent writers can add new interpretations to the same works modernist criticism philosophical positions master narratives specifying the correct way of analyzing art I formalist criticism emphasized formal analysis brushstrokes medium color etc I ideological criticism rooted in the writings of Karl Marx deals with the political aspects of art even artwork that seems neutral is political I psychoanalytic criticism art as the product of individuals shaped by their pasts their unconscious urges and their social histories Sigmund Freud appropriate for work that deals with strong emotional content intuition dream imagery or fantasy I structuralism to understand a work of art you need to study the structure of art and the complex interrelationship of all its parts a modernist position in uenced Post Structuralist philosophies in Postmodernism postmodern philosophical positions 0 postmodernism is a set of philosophical positions that question modernism such as little narratives a bricolage of stories images celebration of difference plurality and paradox while modernist philosophies stated certainties postmodernism emphasized subjectivity nuances and ambiguity poststructuralism is a range of reactions against structuralism I people who practice this believe that an artwork can contain many meanings deconstruction is the idea that from the inside any system looks natural and coherent but in reality it is filled with unseen contradictions myths or stereotypes feminist criticism focuses on the oppression of women and other groups I feminism advocates equal rights for all women AND men I feminists have broken down barriers encountered by women s artwork and the media they use modernists stated that pottery weaving and decorative work was minor art I feminist critics have researched female artists that were overlooked before ex Artemisia Gentileschi 17th century Italian artist created large historical paintings that at the time were thought to be beyond women s abilities after she died her works were attributed to her father she was forgotten Writings in visual culture attempt to integrate all the Visual components of contemporary cultures o think about how many images we and other industrialized nations come across daily o analyzed in relation to film advertisements the internet TV and so on o people have become spectators rather than participants in their own lives relational aesthetics focus on human relationship and social spaces rather than art objects personal interpretation people have their own personal meanings for works of art phenomenology states that a person s engagement with an artwork produces and intellectual and emotion response based on their own ideas personal tastes experiences and history
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