World Civilization I Week Six Notes
World Civilization I Week Six Notes 17189
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caspar Snyder on Saturday October 4, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to 17189 at University at Buffalo taught by Timothy Boyd in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 156 views. For similar materials see World Civilization I in University Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 10/04/14
World Civilization I Week Six Notes Passage to India 300 1400 CE Mauryan Empire Collapses in 185 BEC Results 0 Many individual kingdoms 0 Foreign invasions occur Ruled over Kushan Empire 0 Northern to central India 0 Afghanistan 0 Pakistan Kushan Empire 1 century BCE 3rd century Connections with the East Assimilated into the Indian social structure 0 Kshatriya Warrior caste Shakas control parts of West India 0 94 20 BCE Gupta Empire Ca 320 480 CE Mostly around the Ganges Plain Chandragupta 320 335 CE ruled 0 Not the same as the Chandragupta of the Mauryan Empire He united Northern India Time of peace and political unity Samudragupta took over ca 335 375 CE 0 Son of Chandragupta Great military genius 0 Well known for this Creates a network of allies Extends power from Himalayas to Vindhya Mountains Chandragupta II takes over ca 375 415 CE 0 Son of Samudragupta This is a time of relative peace 0 The Golden Age for India Defeats Shaka civilization Takes control of trade 0 China 9 India 9 Middle East Invasion of the Huns Huns who Invade India are known as the White HunsHepthalites Skandaguta 455 467 CE 0 Gupta ruler during the time of Hun invasion Defeats the Huns Huns dealt fatal blow to the Gupta Empire By 500 CE the Gupta Empire is over 0 One of the most powerful in India Characteristics of the Gupta Empire New interest in past literature 0 Aryan literature 0 Preserved transcribed and edited it Appearance of Kalidasa ca 380 450 CE Promotion of Hinduism 0 The rulers followed this 0 Popular among majority of the civilization Fading out of Buddhism 0 Not best to base civilization around 0 No unity Primary focus of Indian daily life 0 Agriculture 0 Mostly a farming Village community I Primarily located around the Ganges South I Or up North in the air Traditional Villages Mud brick architecture Unpaved streets Walls or gates Pond was the main source of Water 0 Lots of freeroaming animals as a result Similar to a small Greek town 0 Houses 0 Markets 0 Temples 0 Etc Caste System After the fall of the Gupta Empire to 800 CE 0 Castes are multiplied and solidified 0 Multiply from the four original Varnas 0 Eventually as many as 3000 castes Can only marry and eat with members of the same caste Governing body for each cast 0 Can be expelled and made an outcaste Life of Women in India Held in a position of nearslaves Job to have children and keep the house No life apart from her husband Young girls expected to keep their virginity 0 Started to marry them young to ensure purity A Widow was expected to live an ascetic life 0 Shave head 0 Plain clothes 0 Eat once a day 0 Sleep on the ground 0 Etc Trade routes develop 650 1250 BCE Traded 0 Soap 0 Clothe 0 Architecture 0 Metals 0 Sculptures Waves of invasions from outside forces Muslim Arabs attack Sind 636 870 0 Led by Muhammad ibnQasim Struggle for Afghanistan 643 870 Muslin conquest of Punjab 870 230 0 Led by Mahmud of Ghazni 0 Really against Hinduism I Destroyed temples and houses 0 Also takes oVer Sind Delhi Sultanate 12th century 0 Assassinated 1206 BCE Muhammad of Ghur 0 Against Buddhism Qutbuddin 0 Muhammad of Ghur s general 0 Made himself king 0 Introduces Hinduism to North India Qatub Minar 0 Islamic architecture 0 2378 ft high 0 UNESCO World Heritage Site 0 Began by Qutbuddin in 1192 CE 0 Used as a Watch tower 0 QuWWat ul Islam Mosque o Built around the same site of Buddhist architecture Romans Ambitious Energetic Extremely organized Flexible in combat Westward moving 0 Indo European 0 Moved into Italian peninsula and South Two myths of Rome 1 Romans are descendants of Trojan refugees 0 Vintage boy we re old 0 Why they don t like the Greeks 0 So they decided to conquer them I Using history to justify their behavior 2 Later in time a Trojan descendant and the God of War Mars hook up and have twins 0 Romulus and Remus 0 Sons of war god were nurtured by a wolf Physical truth Romans were farmers in the Tiber Valley 0 With a crucial location 0 A ford the first good one on the Tiber going upstream I A road crosses the river here 0 The Via Sallaria 0 salt road 0 Beginning of their wealth and power But the Tiber Valley would never be enough To the north of the early Romans were the Etruscans 0 Don t know where they came from 0 Their languagewriting didn t derive from anywhere I Not translated 0 Extremely wealthy 0 From their metalwork I Bronze 0 Importers of Greek goods Rome s big brothers Gave them 0 Architecture 0 Religion 0 Religious interpretations o The intestines of animals could show messages from the gods I Each section meant something 0 Alphabet writingliteracy 0 Government and law 0 Council of elders senate Etruscans ruled Rome from about 700 500 BCE Seven kings said the Romans 0 Last overthrown 509 BCE 0 Rome gradually becomes a republic 0 Kings replaced by two consuls I Elected yearly I And a senate at first 0 Takes about 150 years to get this straight Patricians 0 Original bosses Plebeians 0 Everybody else Went from oligarchy to representative democracy Two Consuls 200 Senate 10 Tribunes Everyone else Eventually there is a series of assemblies 0 Special representatives for the people 0 Tribunes I Can veto While they were building the republic expanding 1 East Truscans 2 Valley to north Po 0 Celts o Romanized 3 Went to the South Samnites 4 Now it s the Greek colonies tum 0 Greeks call on King Pyrrhus for help 282 275 BCE o Goes home defeated 5 On to Sicily Here they meet their temporary match 0 Carthaginians o Punici 6 Phoenici Punic Wars 264 241 9 naval 218 202 9 land 149 146 9 Very short 0 Destruction of Carthage What s left 6 Greece and the coast of Asia Minor Meanwhile the government in Rome is coming apart 0 88 BCE Sulla a nobleman and general uses his army to take control With state expansion more and more nonRoman soldiers appear 0 Loyal to generals who pay them 0 Not to the state