Sept 15th and 17th
Sept 15th and 17th POLI 316 001
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lane christopher on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 316 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Lanz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
Sept 15th Quiz 3 1 What modern ideology is closest to AngloAmerican political ideas 1 liberalism 2 What ideology doesn t support private markets or land 1 communism 3 what european country was fascist 1 spain italy france 4 what replaced the aristocrats and clergy in the modern world 1 bourgeousie 5 when was the russian revolution 1 19171921 Lecture seven 1 Overview 2 Defining democracy 3 Features of industrial democracy 4 The role of political parties Industrial democracies 20 25 countries we put in this category 0 namerica 0 western Europe 0 East Asia Industrial society 0 50 of labor is in labor and manufacturing postindustrial society consumption 0 commune society germany is advanced industrial society Nihilism Defining democracy true democracy small groups representative democracy is the norm General features attributes 1 the degree to which the government responds to peoples preferences 2 open competition for office results are accepted by all 3 accountable government transparent Features of Industrial democracy 1 single parties that hold office for extended periods of time 1 for about 50 years in the 20th century it was the Democratic party in USA 2 shows stability 2 party platforms become very broad over time 3 parties have fewer legal followers 1 dealignment 4 states are more bureaucratic technocratic 1 leads to corporatizing 2 where policy is being made by gov t and special materials Political Parties 1 aggregate interest 2 intermediary bodies 3 integrate people in the political process Sept 17th Great Britain 1 Overview 2 The Shaping of Modern Britain 3 British Intellectual History 4 British Law and Authority Overview of Great Britain 0 origin of modern democracy 0 representative government parliament o What makes up Great Britain Scotland England Wales 0 United Kingdom includes Northern Ireland too 0 History of stability prosperity continuity Origin of the Democratic tradition o 1215 Magna Carta 0 created equality between the crown of the monarch and lesser aristocrats o advantage was that it is isolated 0 language was also a benefit english adapts easily and was gaining popularity Geographic Isolation 1 consolidation of political power 2 creation of a common language 3 uniform laws 16th century democracy is extended slowly to commoners 0 English Civil War 16421651 0 Industrial Revolution 0 first to extend democracy to the middle class then eventually the working class Change in Britain Incremental conservative approach more pragmatic vs ideological approach to politics more about outcomes and results rather than ideas about how society should be no written constitution politics based on custom practice tradition Shaping of Modern Britain 1 The Reformation had to do with authority of the church 0 Henry VIII 16th century wanted a divorce so split from the Catholic Church o Anglican Church episcopalian and HVlll became the head of the church 0 in some way created a modern state 0 break with Catholic christianity 2 English Civil War 16421651 3 o democratic movement pitted the aristocrats against the rising middle class 0 commoners want power 0 bourgeoise was the traders manufacturers and travelers while aristocrats sitting on their ass 0 Protestant money making is good Catholicmerchant was seen as less christians o Aristocrats were Anglican bourgeoise were Puritan o Puritans were first ardent capitalists and thinkers Industrial Revolution 18th century present 0 began in England rise of the working class women s rights cotton empire global impactcolonialism raw materials early 19th century Britain established largest empire so far 0000 British Intellectual History Classical Liberalism 1 limited government 2 importance of the market and private property 3 individualism Father of Classical Liberalism was John Locke o constitution is very Lockean 0 political thinker 0 17th century Adam Smith 0 economic 0 free market economy 0 18th Century 0 enlightenment occuring John Steward Mill 0 social aspect 0 19th century Romantic Movement 0 18th Century we have the Enlightenment reason solves things Antienlightenment was known as Romanticism wordsworth social critics against industry destroyed nature and tradition Environmentalism has a lot of background here gardening was big 0 JJ Tolkien British Law and Authority Common Law is basis of British Law and Government 0 bottom up approach Civil Law based on logic 0 top down approach Deferential Style of Authority 0 people defer to an authority 0 class system in a way 0 democratic code Political Parties Left we have 0 Labour Party 20th century prior to 20 they were liberals o More Centrist are Liberal Democrats Right we have 0000 o Tories conservatives o UKPanti EU
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