September 21 Notes
September 21 Notes ANTH 1002-10
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rylie McMillan on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002-10 at George Washington University taught by Roy R. Grinker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Sociocultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
culture organized as a system of differences tones and sounds are meaningful because they have oppositions levi strauss gt totemism more than a way of giving a group an identity maybe it classifies the culture looking at culture to understand how the mind operates how do we think through culture red as a sign of danger derives from reds natural association with blood red danger in many many cultures correlation between brains hardwired opposition and cultural significance the brain searches for a binary opposition we create culture out of nature through binary opposition the closer we move to home the less value meat has boar gt cow gt horse gt dog gt rat we make the things that come closer to our home part of our cultural world we don39t eat things we39ve given names lese farmers efe hunter gatherers say they are totally separate groups yet they live in very close association mutually intelligible languagesintermarrying Structuralist perspective helps us see things we couldn39t othenNise see Ritual and communitas rights of passage victor turner scottish born anthropologist well known for trying to further Durkheim39s idea of religion as the way people understand and experience their society worked in africa with a tribe called the Ndembu interested in rituals ritual involves curing or crises mark transitions An arena of social interaction in which symbols convey messages about social existence generally stylized people expect that a ritual has a familiar structure often in sacred places at sacred times particular sequence of words or behaviors that need to be followed rituals have audiences all rituals are social acts Arnold van genner believed all rituals have three phases 1 separation people withdraw from the group they begin a transition from one status to another 2 liminality the area in between gt people are occupying ambiguous social position where things are the most dangerousuncertain 3 incorporation reentry into society lncwala ritual of the Swazi in africa goal make sure the king becomes a symbol of potency and power the king is stripped naked spit on and accused of incest at the end of the ritual he emerges wearing all of his regalia the king39s power and potency are renewed through the ritual he is returned momentarily to a moment of certainty he is re made into a king you reinforce the status quo by showing its opposite
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