September 28 Notes
September 28 Notes ANTH 1002-10
Popular in Sociocultural Anthropology
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Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rylie McMillan on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1002-10 at George Washington University taught by Roy R. Grinker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Sociocultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
Functionalism o societies fulfil our various needs most importantly the need to survive o societies are organized into systems with independent parts 0 systems tend to maintain themselves and resist change 0 emphasis on the whole holism Structural functionalism 0 associated with RadcliffeBrown I focuses on how societies maintain social structures gt primarily kinship systems Focus IS NOT on conflict or change gt more on consensus and reproduction of the system over time Benefits of functionalism o customs and beliefs are rational gt logical in context 0 Helped dismantle evolutionism o importance of kinship ESPECIALLY unilineal descent 0 social structure not just social relationships 0 emphasis on the whole kinship economics politics etc are only separable as analytical constructs Criticisms of functionalism o 1 confuses causes and consequences 0 2 functionalism explains stability but not change 0 3 lack of attention to power and agency EvansPritchard o segmentary lineage system Nuer stability and regulation in acephalous stateless societies 0 Rationality and witchcraft Azande Mary Douglas 0 The Bushong and the Lele 0 Economic anthropology Household regional urbanizationmigrant labor political economies Concern with how values and meanings are integrated with production distribution and consumption Economics is tied to the rest of society and is not isolatable for analysis substantivism Polanyi o if we39re gonna understand economics we have to understand it in terms of the local meanings those economies have 0 culturally embedded substantivism lnstrumentalism c you can apply economic theory to non industrial and industrial societies 0 you can come up with theories to predict economic behavior 0 Marshall Sahlins o the original affluent society I the case of the kung san hunter gatherers