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September 10th Lecture

by: Rylie McMillan

September 10th Lecture PSYC 2011

Rylie McMillan
GPA 3.8
Abnormal Psychology
Sherry Molock

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About this Document

Notes from the September 10 lecture on chapter 2
Abnormal Psychology
Sherry Molock
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rylie McMillan on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2011 at George Washington University taught by Sherry Molock in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 09/29/15
Chapter 2 part II Watson s experiment Little Albert US the clanging noise UR Fear CS white rat fluffy things CR Fear crying you eat a new food and get the flu gt you develop a dislike for the food and feel nauseated whenever you smell it US the flu UR getting sick CS new food CR getting sick know how to apply this for the exam Operant conditioning abnormal behavior is learned learning is a result of reward and punishment based on voluntary behaviors not automatic ones reinforcer increases behavior punishment decreases behavior positive to add negative to remove positive reinforcement reward negative reinforcement relief positive punishment pain negative punishment loss 8 Cognitive model abnormal behavior is due to having irrational and maladaptive thoughts regarding the events in one s life not the actual events themselves it s not the situation itself gt rather how you interpret the situation Albert Ellis ABC theory of personality lrrational thoughts A activating event fail an exam B belief l39m worthless C behavioralemotional consequence depressionwithdrawal Rational Intervention gt D Dispute intervention I m still a good person even if I fail the exam gt E New Effective Philosophy I m ok I won39t give up gt F new feelings it39s ok to feel frustrated I won39t give up Thought gt Emotion gt Behavior gt cognitive behavioral therapy one of the most effective ways to treat mood and anxiety disorders lll Humanisticexistential model Carl Rogers father of humanism gt empathy gt idea of being very genuine with the client people who are depressed haven t been validated for who they are every individual has a unique perspective and reality individual freedom and responsibility ability to achieve one s potential focus on positive psychology Existential less optimistic individual and others responsibility Hierarchy of needs 1 Physiological 2 safetysecurity 3 social belonging 4 ego esteem 5 self actualization Family Systems Model abnormal behavior is symptomatic of the family system roles statuses values norms Family Dynamics communication structure Sociocultural Model culturally different does not equal deviancy pathology or inferiority recognize culture s unique strengths and limitations all theories of development take place within a specific cultural context Neuroscience Approaches to Understanding Psychopathology Chapter 3 History of neuroscience 1800s no noninvasive way to observe the structures of the brain impossible to look at structurefunction relationship in the living 2nd half of 20th century saw development of neuroimaging techniques generally non invasive external observation of brain structures Synaptic transmission 50200 trillion connections Neurotransmitters serotonin processing of information regulation of mood behavior and thought processes norepinephrine regulation of mood arousal behavior and sleep dopamine influences novelty seeking sociability pleasure motivation coordination and motor movement GABA gamma aminobutyric acid regulation of mood especially anxiety arousal and behavior Acetylcholine important in motor behavior arousal reward attention learning and behavior Glutamate influences learning memory genetics


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