Popular in Folklore in the United States
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin Courter on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to F131 at Indiana University taught by Professor Caffery in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Folklore in the United States in Literature at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
The Folktale A formulaic oral narrative told as a ction Tale has a Germanic origin Something that was originally only spoken Zahl number Very formulaic things done in 35 for instance Legends Told as though they actually occurred Folktales are told as ction 0 Grimm Das Marchen ist poetischer die Sage historischerquot folktales are poetic legends historical Myths Supernatural actors Explanatory Folktales have human actors or animals who act like humans Outside of historical time mythic time The Brothers Grimm Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm o Kinder und Hausmarchen Childrens and Household tales Types of the Folktale o Antii Aarne rst person to systematize folktales o Motifs and the MotifIndex o Motif a small narrative kernel 0 The Motif Index of Folk Lit 0 Standard Dictionary of hundreds of motifs o Developed at IU by Stith Thompson AZ Classi cation system 0 Animal Motifs B Motifs of Tabu C Ogres G Tests H HistoricGeographic Approach 0 Where speci c indexes show up on earth 0 Search for the UrText original text Animal tales Speaking anthropomorphic animals Stock characters Trickster tales o Clever underdog or outcast Brother Rabbit Tales 0 Plantation south 0 Tales of slaves in coastal Georgia 0 Published in 1881 o Linked to African Tricksters who are often hares John and Old Master Old Boss Tales not animals 0 Tales featuring a slave later a worker and a plantation owner or boss 0 John a trickster gure Anthropological Approach Tale Telling as a re ection of community values and dynamics EX how telling trickster tales re ects social context Fables 0 An animal tale that tells a moral o Exist in oral tradition but made famous in lit collections Aesop s Fables Ordinary Folktales Characteristics 0 Supernatural motifs o Sympathy for underdogs 0 Medieval setting Marchen Wondertale Magic Tale Fairytales 0 Literary adaptations of wondertales British Wondertales in America The Jack Tales Jack Sprat Jack and the Beanstalk Jack the GiantSlayer A British everyman In America Jack becomes both foolish and cleverfarm boy The Pattern 0 Sets out to nd fortune 0 Using his wits and in addition to supernatural help and sheer luck OOOO StructuralMorphological 0 Vladimir Propp Wrote a book on Morphology o 8 Character types 0 7 spheres of action 0 31 functions Psychoanalytic Approach 0 Tales as re ections of repressed desires Tales as quotcultural dreamsquot 0 Evil Stepmothers Hero Stories 0 Seperation o Initiation 0 Return Characters often royalty can include imaginary creatures ogres dragons magical objects animals who speak supernatural power Setting Unnamed kingdom in a remote time Attitude told for entertainment and is ction 3 fold repetition in the structure of the tale
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