Class notes- week 6
Class notes- week 6 SOC 1113 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ruth Notetaker on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1113 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Kelly Damphousse in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
Socialization Week 6 Tuesday September 29 2 15 1 235 AM The lifelong process where we acquire a social identity and ways of thinking feeling and acting that are essential for effective participation society 0 How we learn thing our 5 senses to how we are in society 0 By watching others and how they behave we learn how to act in society Nature vs Nurture 0 Nature human development is innate biological physiological due to largely to heredity fairly fixed 0 Nurture Human development is learned psychological social culture due to the environment fairly changeable Natural vs learned responses the things that come natural to us vs the things we learn in society that make us socially acceptableThey work against each other Biologist focus on the role of heredity in human development Importance of nurture O Crosscultural data show very different conditions for children 0 Research show how the environment has a huge impact on our biology I Example if parents are alcoholic then will you be too Is that the nature you are used to I Abuse of alcohol can cause genetic damage LookingGlass self 0 Charles Horton I Cooleyidentified a process of developing the reflected or lookingglass self 0 Perception I How we think we seem to others 0 Interpretation I How we think others judge us 0 Response I How we see ourselves based on what we think of others The effects of selfesteem High vs LowCharles started this whole concept III Example of all of this quotI am not what I think I am I am not what think I am I am what lamquot Development of self 0 George Herbert Mead describes how self us develop 0 A self is composed of the quotIquot and the quotmequot I i creative impulsive imaginative and spontaneous I Me Internalized social roles III Remember We all come with a through socialization III Things society teaches us is wrong and right Good and bad 0 but the quotmequot is developed after time Role Taking 0 Learning to roletake occurs in stages I Stage 1 III Prep stage no difference between one and others learns through observation I Stage2 III Play stage starts noticing the difference between one and others copies what we want to be like quotlet39s pretendquot I Stage 3 Sociology week 6 Page 1 III Game Stage understands and starts picking up roles and notjust pretend but plays out the role model role Connects to societal roles through the Generalized others 0 Primary Socialization Agents 0 Persons groups or institutions that TEACH us what we need to KNOW to participate in society I Family III Parents teaches children rules and roles III Parenting occurs through reinforcement and managing the environment I Other Socialization agents 11 Siblings 11 Big BrosBig Sis III Grandparents 11 Peers I Reverse roles where children teach the parents the now norms quotthe hip thingquot 0 Teachers and schools I School III Enhances cognitive development III Transmits knowledge III Teaches us to think in different ways III Hidden curriculum the informal teaching done by schools Sociology week 6 Page 2
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