Ch 3. Personality, Perception, and Attributes
Ch 3. Personality, Perception, and Attributes Mana 3318
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlie Meckley on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Mana 3318 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Janice Baldwin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Management Organizational Behavior in Business, management at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
Ch 3 Personality Perception and Attributes Lecture Dates September 14th to September 16th Def Individual Differences the way in which factors such as skills abilities personalities perceptions attitudes values and ethics differ from one individual to another Def lnteractional Psvchologv psychological approach to understanding human behavior that involves knowing something about the person and about the situation Heredity Vs Environment Personality 0 Def Stable set of characteristics that in uence an individual39s behavior 0Heredity o Trait Theory 0 Def Advocates breaking down behavior patterns into a series of observable traits in order to understand human behavior 0 Search and testing for traits successful person 0 Big Five Personality Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Emotional Stability Openness to Experience rative Approach Def Broad theory that describes personality as a composite of an individual39s psychological processes 0 Examine their emotions fantasy 0 3 Maior Measures of Personality 0 Def situation that overwhelms the effects of individual personalities by providing strong cues for appropriate behavior 0 Proiective Test Def elicits an individual39s response to abstract stimuli Low reliability nk pictures 0 Behavioral Measures Def Assessments involve observing an individual39s behavior in controlled situation Reiabe reconcile differences before posting study39s o SelfReport Questionnaire Def Personality assessment that involves an individual responses to a series of questions Def Myers Briggs Instruments developed to measure Carl Jung39s theory of individuals differences OOOOO o Inte 0 o Extraversion being energized by interactions with other people 0 Introversion being energized by spending time alone 0 Sensing gathering information through the ve senses and focusing on what actually exists 0 Intuition gathering information through a quotsixth sensequot and focusing on what could be 0 Thinking making decisions in a logical objective fashion 0 Feeling making decisions in a personal value oriented way 0 udging preferring closure and completion in making decisions 0 Perceiving preferring to explore many alternatives with exibility and spontaneity 0 Characteristics in Organization 0 Locus of control Def individuals generalized belief about internal control versus external control Internal change in behavior control over lives External no control over lives other in uences o SelfEf cacy Def Generalized belief that he or she is capable of meeting job demands in a wide variety of situations View as being able to perform effectively in a wide variety of situations 0 Selfesteem Def an individual general feelings of selfworth Feeing of selfworth o Selfmonitoring Def extent to which people base their behavior or cues from others people and situation Adjust behavior on situation 0 High pay attention to everyone 0 Low don39t adjust thinking for others just self promotion 0 Positive Negative Affect Positive Optimistic Neoative Pessimists Characteristic Perceiver ting information about another person 0 Gather information Familiarity w target circumstance or person Characteristic Target Attitudes preconceived bias Mood Physical appearance 0 Self concept 0 Verbal communication Cognitive Structure Nonverbal cues individual pattern of Social 39 Intentions fhinkinnl 4 Def Proiection overestimating the of people who share our Barriers own beliefs values and behaviors LDef Selective Perception project vaues on pick the view that supports to others our view LDef Selfful lling LDGf Stereotypes prophecy allow generalizations of a group expectations to affect 0f Perle interactions with them 3 Def First ImprESSIon E Characteristic of Situation Def imgression lasting imPFESSionS Management try to Social context setting 0 Situational Context StuannalCues Discounting Principles 0 Def assumption that an individual s behavior is accounted for by the situation control impressions people have of them purposefully tries to impress others 0 Name droppers appearance self description attering favors agreement with opinions Attributes Theorv 0 Def explains how individuals pinpoint the cau others behaviors 0 Less important than others Goal why they do what they do Internal within persons control External outside persons control Two biases 1 Fundamental Attribution Error 0 Def Tendency to attribute to internal causes when explaining to others behavior 2 SelfServing Biases Attribute ones success to internal and external cause when own m behavior OOOO
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