Units 3 & 4 Chapter Notes
Units 3 & 4 Chapter Notes H_D 204-03
Popular in Family Interaction
Popular in Human Development
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelcie Jolliffe on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to H_D 204-03 at Washington State University taught by Amy Shepherd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Family Interaction in Human Development at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
HD 204 Units 3 amp 4 Family Theories And Communication Patterns and the Creation of Family ldentity CHAPTER 3 Theories of Family Communication 0 Explain Predict Control Represent one approach 0 System characteristics family system theory lnterdependent Changes on one part create charges in another and the whole part Wholeness each person and their own characteristics combined together and while interacting created emergent properties Depends how family interacts together which creates the family dynamic Calibration Have to nd a way to regulate when things get a bit off track Regulate through feedback Changepromoting feedback 0 Maintenance feedback 0 Interactive ComplexityPunctuation Trying to nd the exact pointplace blame of when something began Communication is never ending just like a circle Daughter shoplifts Parentsme parents pay attention daughter to daughter Daughter behavesacceptably No time we can actually pin point when something beganwent wrong Openness Depends on exibility Some families might have rigid boundaries Depends on what is going on in the family and how they interact Technology creates A LOT of openness Subsystems 23 people relationships parent relationships sibling relationships 0 De ned by gender interests amp generation 0 Can be a part of many subsystems 0 Those who are in them can change Coalition When a subsystem aligns against others 0 In the form of triangles Child as scapegoat Crossgenerational m to F Equi nality Arriving at one goal in the many different ways 0 Understanding the goal is less valuable than understanding the process Limitations of Systems Theory Doesn39t deal with issues of gender or power Biological predispositions for problems interfere with family communication Cultural impacts on family communication Consideration is needed for each of those Social Construction 0 Perfect agreement almost never happens 0 Process is ongoing people enter and exit family Symbolic Interaction Focuses more on social roles How we interact based on society s roles Narrative Theory 0 We tell stories in order to make sense of our world Subjective process Depends on who39s telling the story Narrative Performance Theory Performing family stories Audience family members friends Norms of power Tone serious somber humor Functions of stories 0 Remember keep them alive 0 Create Belonging togetherness 0 Teach expected behaviors and values quotfamily fablesquot lessons old family lessons and stories 0 Family culture values ideals what makes us what 0 Provides stability by connecting generations 0 Entertainment Story telling is a way of performing Cover stories consciously Identity conceal or frame in more positive way Relationship to promote closeness getting to know someone Exploitation manipulative maximizing power Avoid Con ict doesn39t agree with part so we hide it exaggerate Questions stories answer How did this family come to be ex grandpa was in a war how mom amp dad met who grew up where Are parents really human ex parents are put on a pedestal but they do make mistakes as well How does a child become an adult ex drivers license 18 graduation 21 run Will the family stand behind its members ex through depression family crisis moving up in the family to help violating norms in behavior How does the family handle adversity ex divorce death of a loved one moving What does it mean to be a part of that speci c family Stories that we tell tend to last as what we want to identify with How Family Stories are Told Perspectivetaking Coordinated together agrees on details story lasts longer 0 Individual everyone has their own disengaged family their own take on things Imposed boss of the story their perspective only Gender women are usually story tellers Ethnicity grandparents tend to tell stories Content stories with more somber meanings tend to have less involvement CPM Communication Privacy Management Theory Privacy rules Boundaries and how they change Members included or excluded Boundary rule formation Culture do they share or is it private Gender women have lose boundaries and men do not Motivation just don39t want to share info too private Context some okay some not depends on many factors RiskReward Ratio is it good or not to share Secrets accidental shadng Boundary Rule Usage 0 Should we talk about it o How should we talk about it 0 When should we talk about it Boundary Rule Coordination Who quotownsquot the information quotcoownedquot Only works in cohesive families Boundary Turbulence Privacy limits were not coordinated Causes confusion and stress 0 Sometimes forces to disclose to quotoutsidersquot CHAPTER 4 Relational Culture Emerges as families develop patterns of communication and systems of meanings what is acceptable and what isn t Family of origin in uence Blend how each parent grew up to parenting and family life Communication Patterns Rules 0 Rules 0 Trial and error on rules Interactions will become predictable What means what What communication is appropriate in certain situations Constitutive What is being communicated Regulative llowand when issues should be communicated Rule Formation Explicit strictly implied Implicit later learned lntegrational Transmission rules carried on from past and what we do and don39t like Ethnic Background Acceptable or not 0 Types of rules 0 What can be discussed o How can it be discussed 0 With who can it be discussed 0 Meta Rules rules about the rules Adapting Rules Flexibility Feedback Hierarchy Importance of Rules 0 Provides predictability communication becomes effective and ef cient Helps coordinate shared meaning family identity 0 Set limits of cohesion adaptability Rules regulate family life engrained in our family culture Rules come from our family of origin Families come together quotblendedquot have to negotiate rules trials and error What works to help get from point A and to point B guides us through everyday lives 0 Purpose of Rules Accountability Boundaries limitations of family Distance Regulation cohesion Implementation Exceonns Violations Consequences Managing Rules Adaptability is helpful Rules need to be developmentally appropriate If rules are too rigid its awful in stressful situations lmplicitness is desirable Family Secrets Secrets are where we purposely hold info from certain family members Secrets are like magnets they bring people together Secrets can also form collations and exclude other people Secrets can help create and reinforce boundaries Secrets can damage family functioning How secrets are shared determines how families run Types of Secrets 0 Sweet secrets birthdays pregnancy 0 Essential secrets between parents between siblings Toxic secrets maintain harmful behaviors or boundaries slowly destroys family cohesion Dangerous secret puts someone in immediate harm abuse or drug use depending on the family or type of secret Functions of Secrets Bonding brings those involved in the secrets closer together Evaluation allows those involved in the secret to evaluate the situation at hand Maintenance Privacy allows people to keep certain things private Defense Communication people are able to communicate things to one another in con dence Uneven Power Dynamic someone holds more power over someone else due to secrets Factors In uencing Effects of Secrets Location one person keeping a secret from others between certain family members and not others multigenerational and cross generational secrets that cross family boundaries Timing the time of the secret being told the time it takes to develop how long it takes to transition Family Communication Networks The paths that communication takes Several purposes from relational and practical Family network re ects and reinforces rules Chain Network A B C D Y Rretv vbrk C AH 539 D Wheemetwork B D N 9 A v E A Channel Network B C 2 o Meditated Interaction Makes it so that family members are able to connect while they are apart However it may limit family interaction while together
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