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Arch 3411 Notes

by: Emma Norden

Arch 3411 Notes ARCH 3411

Emma Norden
U of M
Architecture History to 1750
Robert Ferguson

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Thursday 9/24 lecture notes
Architecture History to 1750
Robert Ferguson
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Norden on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 3411 at University of Minnesota taught by Robert Ferguson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Architecture History to 1750 in Architecture at University of Minnesota.


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Date Created: 09/29/15
Arch 3411 History Thursday 92415 Ancient Greece 0 Resentment toward Athenians due to money they spent on buildings 0 Athens is thought about as a city but correct term is Polis We think of a city as having tall buildings and skyscrapers while Polis is the territory that starts from top of mountain to the sea and includes all people within that area in Athens 0 Elaborate way of building ancient Greeks developed Corinthian Corinthian slender like limbs of a young maiden Vitruvius on symmetry harmony between the measurements that are analogous to the measurements of the body not bilaterally symmetrical 0 Corinthian capital is much similar to traditional archaic burial 0 Utilitas Firmitas and Venustas venustas is venus not so much beauty of a building but its delight Bassae means gorgeous 0 Corinthian order appears here reason for why it does is not clear 0 Much of sacred places are not in middle of town usually on peaks in valleys overlooking seas 0 Temple of Apollo in Bassae is on a peak Doric columns on outsides and Ionic inside Orientation is directed south usually temples face east to the rising of the sun or star Opening in temple is unusual but allows backlight on what is thought to be first Corinthian column Athens 0 Philosophers talked in sacred groves Aristotle in particular walked and talked in sacred groves students would have to follow him around 0 Agora and Acropolis Acropolis means high city and Agora is the town square marketplace o Agora Public outdoor space bounded by buildings and boundary stones E r For a place to be sacred in ancient Greece space must have a boundary and some connection to the dead boundary is literally cut into earth cutting place off from profane use Agora comes from root word that means I speak in public Stoa was where life and death trials were held Stoa of Attalos 11 Century BCE Stoas reinforce boundary and sacredness of Agora A with its columns 0 Acropolis Propylaia by Mnesicles 437432 BCE Propylaia is a gate to terminus that presents the whole of Acropolis as a temple of which Propylaia is the temple front view of Propylaia from Parthenon is obscured not because architects didn t take into account visual effects but temples are where there are because that s where they ve always been and where they have to be oriented east towards the rise of sun or a particular star on particular day sacrifice to Gods is done outside of temple at altar Erechtheion 421407 BCE place it was built didn t have a temple before tomb of original king North porch has hole in the oor with name of God Poseidon storms waves earthquakes Athens was founded by contest between Athena and Poseidon Poseidon struck earth and spring appeared but with salt water Athena smiled and an olive tree appeared Olive tree spring and scar in rock that Poseidon struck is located in temple Parthenon by Ictinus and Callicrates 447438 BCE Greek buildings were vividly painted not originally white marble Parthenon had entablature and polychromic detail Parthenon was not originally the whole temple Possible that Corinthian columns now destroyed were part of Parthenon which would mean Corinthian columns would have appeared slightly earlier than at Bassae by same architect if building had been built absolutely straight it would appear to bend out and if columns were completely straight they would seem to sag in the middle architects designed buildings the way they should appear to the eye perimeter is slightly curved and columns too Freize on outer walls of cella depicts Propylaia procession but is always kept in shadow Epidauros the Theatre 350 Theater was a ritual before it became a building


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