Popular in People and Environment (I)
Popular in Social Work
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
Lecure 5 Ecological anthropology Ecosystem concept Equilibrium Ecological population Producing areas are not consumers International trade business The human adaptability horticulture agriculture foraging pastoralism and industrialism change over time coexist and in uence each other Today industrialism is the main form but the rest of the adaptability form coexist with it How do we look to human adaptability today 0 We live in a globalized form and we need to understand how the new adaptive strategies work Ecosystem are not isolated All humans participate in the world system G LO BALIZATIO N o It is not a new phenomena 0 This is a worldwide intensi cation of the interaction and increased flow of money people good and ideas The idea of being interconnected is not new but the intensi cation of it is Distant locations are linked We get to know news from distant places Local events are also in uences by things that happen in other places 0 Communities are being transformed and so is ecological anthropology NEW ECOLOGICAL ANTH ROPOLOGY We interested in understanding culturally informed solutions to issues as resources access environmental degradation environmental racism and the role of the media and NGOs etc o The scale of analysis 1 Application policy and value orientation 2 Scale analysis Local regional national and international scales vary and link in time and space 0 Methods New methods are used to place ecological issues in a context far larger deeper and broader The old and the share an interest on environmental knowledge and management practices 0 Indigenous people have ways to understand resources Everyone can have a positive or negative impact in the environment 0 How is human knowledge challenged maintained transformed or replaced Video How knowledge and practices will change Bali Case Indonesia The green revolution is a top down approach Balinese system of wet rice cultivation Green revolution in Bali 0 What are the outcomes 1996 Bali grows rice for more than a thousand years lrrigations canals and tunnels The grew without pesticides or fertilizer Steve Lansing 1993 Development organization where investing in the island to increase exports Green revolution arrived Brought new rice varieties Expected economy to grow Problem rice was attacked by bugs There a decline in soil fertility 1984 Video recordings The power of the temple is religious therefore growing rice is a religious matter Irrigation water is a gift for the goddess Priests managed the water There was a link between the farmers the citizens and the water Coordinated system of temples that control water Use computers to explain the importance of the temples Simulate in the computer the interaction between the people in the temple and the crops Study of the old system of growing and the new system of growing Bali Subaks Heads of the irrigation in different areas in Bali Every Subak has its own temple Use technology to help improve the irrigation system Goal Make it accessible for everyone
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