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Lecture 6 notes

by: Alexandra Torres

Lecture 6 notes ISS 310

Alexandra Torres
GPA 3.4
People and Environment (I)
Dr. Lucero Radonic

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Notes for lecture 6
People and Environment (I)
Dr. Lucero Radonic
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.

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Date Created: 09/29/15
Lecture 6 Serengeti reserve POLITICAL ECOLOGY Pastoralist where being forced to become a part of the market Government pushed people to switch into intensive production that degraded the land Do not look only to the people but also understand how the actions of the people are being in uenced by the government and society We are interconnected into one global system quotPolitics is inevitably ecological ecology is inherently politicalquot The production of nature Landscape used to be passive and untouched but today landscapes are the product of human action at different degrees and intensities Even the landscapes that we believe are untouched are in uenced by humans Hohokam Irrigation Canals biggest irrigation canal in America Example or a new shaped landscape THE MYTH OF WILDERNESS Pristine untouched nature in a sea of urban industrial modernity Wilderness is a human creation Ideas of wilderness have changed over time Before wilderness was quota black nothingquot but today is a space to nd ourselves It challemges western environmental thoughts Political ecology s is in uences by wilderness EXAMPLE Yellow Stone Park Removed Native Americans We removed them because it is supposed to be a natural untouched environment 1 Then natives are reintroduced EMAPLE Colorado A highly diverse ecosystem was created because human decided that they could not get into this ecosystem WHAT CAUSES A DISASTER Social structures that generate unequal exposure to risks that make people more prone to hazards than others 2 Social structure gender class ethnicity age etc Vulnerability A measure of the degree and type of exposure to a risk 3 Research is connected to social processes of marginalization that produce unequal risks to disasters 4 Basically we are all affected differently by disasters depending on our political in uences 5 The disaster happens when the natural event hits vulnerable people DISASTERS DO NOT AFFECT PEOPLE EQUALLY POLITICAL ECOLOGY VS APOLITICAL ECOLOGY Apolitical ecology View systems as nonpolitical Blame proximate and local forces Claims to be objective Types of apolitical ecology Environmental determinist environment determines culture Environment determines morality The more complex cultures show superiority Read previous notes 1 This naturalized the segregation of people slavery example 2 Dismissed colonial domination and extermination 3 Dismiss the in uence of human and nature We do not shape nature nature shape us ECOSCARCITY Human population will grow until we exceed the carrying capacity of the environment We will not have enough food production for everyone RESULT starvation disease etc THOMAS MAKTH US PAUL EH RLICH Blamed the poor for having too many children Main assumption Population growth will never stop Dismissed the effects of af uence technology and human adaptability FREE MARKET Encourage competition and ef ciency in resource use The global south developing nations need to adapt western and northern technologies PO LITCAL ECOLOGY Environment has been shaped by humans directly or indirectly Locals are always connected to regional and global political and economic processes Cost and bene ts are distributed unequally Not everyone wins and not everyone loses Studies Power relations shaping environmental access management and transformation Relationship across scales from workers to CEOs Identi es structural causalities What causes a speci c event Evaluate processes 4 thesis in political ecology 1 Degradation and marginalization How farmers adopt to the environment Social adaptations help people survive Thesis Local production system start overexploiting natural resources as a response to state development interventions Conservation and control thesis Conservation has taken away the control from local producers This affects livelihood and social structures Think what are the effects of conservation Environmental con ict thesis Explain environmental access Environmental con icts are part of gendered classes and raced struggles 4 Environmental identity thesis Political and social struggles are linked to issues of livelihoods and environmental protection Create social organizations in reaction to unfair situations


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