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SOC 302 Lecture 9 Notes

by: Cassidy Schap

SOC 302 Lecture 9 Notes Soc 302

Cassidy Schap
GPA 3.78
Intro to the study of society
Tetyana Pudrovska

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Intro to the study of society
Tetyana Pudrovska
Class Notes
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy Schap on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 302 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Tetyana Pudrovska in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro to the study of society in Sociology at University of Texas at Austin.


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Date Created: 09/30/15
Lecture 9 Outline Readings Textbook Chapter 11 Lecture except for 0 Self Section 2 HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES ON RACE AND ETHNICITY pp 249257 stop at Section 3 Ethnicity Cultural values and norms that distinguish members of one group from other groups Members of an ethnic group share a common cultural identity Race A classi cation system that uses people39s physical characteristics to categorize them into groups These groups are often ranked or hierarchical Racial distinctions are important factors in reproducing power and inequality in society Race is a social construct it is much more social than biological Racialization The process by which social definitions of race are used to classify and label people or groups in ways that create social inequality Minority and Majority Groups Minority People who are in a minority in a given society and who are disadvantaged because of their cultural and physical characteristics Majority Dominant groups possess more power wealth and prestige compared to minority groups Stereotypes Thinking of members of a group in terms of rigid and inflexible categories that often do not re ect reality Prejudice Opinions and attitudes that are resistant to change and in exible even in the face of new information Discrimination Denies members of a group resources or rewards that can be obtained by others Prejudice is attitude discrimination is behavioraction Racism A system of social domination in which one group is considered superior and other groups inferior based on inherited physical characteristics RacialEthnic Inequality in US Political Power Education Income and wealth Poverty Everyday racial bias Race differences in health and mortality Racial discrimination as a stressor Stress caused by experiencing various forms of racial bias can weaken the body over time and lead to chronic and acute illnesses and premature death Life expectancy o 803 years for White women 0 756 years for Black women 0 751 years for White men 0 688 years for Black men McCord C and HP Freeman quotExcess Mortality in Harlemquot New England Journal of Medicine 3221990 173 177 0 AfricanAmerican men in Harlem have a lower chance of living to 65 years old than men in Bangladesh one of the lowestincome countries in the world Inequality in Employment Black Men White Men Industry Total in upperlevel Total in upperlevel industry management industry management Transportation amp Warehouse 126 17 483 727 Public Administration 85 38 373 544 Accommodation amp Food 80 31 223 553 Real Estate 75 15 347 658 Wholesale 70 08 455 738 Retail 68 16 359 661 Manufacture 60 10 541 741 Construction 59 08 596 826 Mining Oil Gas 44 08 640 818 Education 43 26 260 463 3039 2539 2039 1539 10 01 Percent With Bachelor s or Higher Degrees 168 163 White I Men Black I Women 264 Asian Hispanic Inequality in Income Figure 1 Real Median Household Income by Race and Hispanic Origin 1967 to 2013 2013 dollars Recession 80000 70000 A A M v W67065 Asian p 58270 50000 White not Hispanic v 551939 All races 40000 40963 His anic an race p y 34598 v 39 Black 20000 10000 0l 1959 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2013 Note Median household income data are not available prior to 1967 For more information on recessions see Appendix A For information on confidentiality protection sampling error nonsampling error and definitions see ltftpftp2censusgov programssurveyscpstechdocscpsmar14pdfgt Source US Census Bureau Current Population Survey 1968 to 2014 Annual Social and Economic Supplements Inequality in Wealth Median Value of Assets for Households US Census Bureau 2011 Net Worth RaceEthnicity Net Worth Excluding Equity in Own Home White 110500 33408 Black 6314 2124 Asian 89339 29339 Hispanic 7683 4010 Inequality in Poverty I Men ElWomen 18 16 Percent with income below poverty t C11 in 14 12 10 61 White 121 114 Black Hispanic Inequality in Poverty Figure 316 People Aged 65 and Over in Poverty by Living Arrangement Race and Hispanic Origin 2010 In percent For information on confidentiality protection sampling error nonsampling error and definitions see wwwcensusgovcpsmethodology I In marriedcouple families I Male householder living alone l36 187 168 109 I Female householder living alone 203 Total White alone Black alone Asian alone Note Reference population of the survey is the civilian noninstitutionalized population Source US Census Bureau 20 ic Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement ASEC 20 i Hispanic or Latino True Colors Racial Discrimination in Everyday Life httpwvwvyoutubecomwatchvYyL5EcAwBQc Death rates White men Black men White women Black women 90 00 80 00 f I Death rates per 100000 5 8 u C O O 20 00 I 1000 139 quot 0 I I I I I I I I I I I 2024 2539 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 7579 8084 Race Differences in Health and Mortality McCord C and HP Freeman quotExcess Mortality in Harlemquot New England Journal of Medicine 3221990 173 177 AfricanAmerican men in Harlem have a lower chance of living to 65 years old than men in Bangladesh one of the lowestincome countries in the world Percent Alive Male 1 l l J l l 515253545556 Age yr Percent Alive us White 3 P i H Female P 1 L L 1 1 515253545556 Age yr


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