September 30th Lecture Notes
September 30th Lecture Notes HIST 1312 - 001
Popular in HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, 1865 TO PRESENT
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebekah Messer on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1312 - 001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kenyon W Zimmer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, 1865 TO PRESENT in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
The progressive Era 19001920 Key Terms 1 Progressivism 2 Woodrow Wilson 3 Eugenics Great Boston Molasses Flood 1 January 151919 gt More than 2 million gallons of molasses gt 21 dead 150 injured several building destroyed quotSocial Problemsquot 1 2 3 4 Industrial con ict Poverty and economic inequality Cthlabor Workplace Safety Progressivism 1 2 Based among educated middleclass reformers gt But extended to all sections of society gt Many women involved Social workers nurses etc Fix social and economic problems through education and government regulation The Progressive Presidents 1 Theodore Roosevelt 19011909 2 3 0w gt Republicans quotTrust Busterquot gt 40 antitrust suits Regulator gt Meat inspection Act gt Pure Food and Drug Act William Howard Taft 19091913 gt Republicans Introduced income tax and corporate income tax 71 AntiTrust suits gt But friendlier to business than Roosevelt Woodrow Wilson 19131921 gt Democrat Reduced Tariff gt The rst progressive Democrat oz Federal Reserve Act 1913 6 60 6 60 6 60 6 60 Central Banking System Purpose a Avoid banking crises b Maximize employment c Stabilize prices d Moderate interest rates Federal Trade Commission Act 1914 Curbed unfair and deceptive practices Clayton Act 1914 Replaced Sherman AntiTrust act 0 Banned quotAnticompetitive business practices Exempted labor union KeatingOwen Child Labor Act 1916 Prohibited interstate sale of goods produced by workers 1918 overturned by Supreme Court Federal Farm Loan Act 1916 Loans to small farms ll Up to 50 the value of their land The Science of Eugenics 1 Eugenics The self direction of human evolution 2 The biological improvement of the population gt Promote reproduction of the t 3 Almost 2 million soldiers were given intelligence tests designed by eugenicists during WWI gt The results in uenced sate of Federal legislation 4 According to the results 47 of recruits were feeblemindedquot gt The alleged average mental age of all white recruits 13 years old gt Italians 1101 gt Poles 1074 gt African Americans 1041 1907 gt Indiana poses the rst sterilization law 32 more states owed 1 1927 gt Forcible sterilization upheld by supreme court 2 19071964 gt More than 64000 Americans sterilized 3 Average of 450 sterilization in California each year gt 1933 Nazi eugenics law modeled after California
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