Week 7 Notes
Popular in Arts and Society: Visual
Popular in Art
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lane Paulson on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 176 at Illinois State University taught by Vanessa Schulman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Arts and Society: Visual in Art at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Futurism and Constructivism Futurism O O O 0 00000 0 Italy 19101920 Rightwing avantgarde movement protofascist Celebrates technology dynamism amp speed of modern life Interested in many extreme states Masculinity violence discord loudness etc Rejects past artworks especially Italy s ancient amp Renaissance artistic heritage Many futurists those who survive WWI later support Mussolini s Fascist government One of the few art movements where artists sign up to volunteer in WWI Umberto Boccioni MuscularDynamism 1913 r V Giacomo Balla Girl Running 1912 g 39l Luigi Russolo Gran Concerto Futuristco enriched by a new beauty the quot quot 39jng automobile with its bonnet adorned with great tubes like serpents with explosive breatha roaring motor car which seems to be on machinegun re is more beautiful than the Victory of Samothracequot FT Marinetti Luigi Russolo Dynamism ofan Automobile 1911 quotThe Futurist Volunteers at the Frontquot WWI 1915 quotWe want to glorify war the only cure for the world militarism patriotism the destructive gesture of the anarchists the beautiful ideas which kill and contempt for womenquot FT Marinetti v Constructivism OOOO Russia 19171924 Leftwing avantgarde movement socialist Russian Revolution creates socialist state focusing on individual s contribution to society quotfrom each according to his ability to each according to his needquot What can artists contribute Interested in contributing to technology math and engineering Artist as a worker like any other worker Useful items for the masses Vladimir Tatlin Monument to the Third International 19191920 quotA social revolution by itself does not change artistic forms but it does provide a basis for their gradual transformation Renaissance traditions in the plastic arts sculpture and architecture appear modern only while the feudal and bourgeois roots of capitalist states remain undestroyed The Renaissance burned out 0 El Lissitzky photomontage design for a speaking podium quotLenin Podiumquot 1924 o Liuba Popova Paintery Archtectonics 1918 quotfacturequot technique of how an artwork is made Emphasizes the techniques of the artwork brushstrokes etc Dada and Expressionism Conceptua Art 0 Conceptual the idea concept behind the art matters more than its visualaesthetic qualities oThe artist may or may not make the piece 0 There may or may not be a tangible art object created 0 Marcel Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase No 2 1912 Considered a father of conceptual art 0 Pablo Picasso Guitar Sheet Music and Glass 1912 0 Alfred Steiglitz installation view of Marcel Duchamp Fountain 1917 Fountain s purpose quotwas to declare that art was pure concept that an ordinary manufactured object could be transformed by that declaration and that 39originality didn t require artistic handworkquot Robert Herbert art historian Dada 0 Germany and Switzerland 19141930 0 Leftwing avantgarde movement socialist but more generally just antiestablishment Negative response to destruction of WWI Highly critical of German government patriotism and aggressionmilitarism 0 Uses strategies of odd juxtapositions nonsense and quotantiart 0 Marcel Duchamp Bottle Rack Egouttoir 1914 quotreadymadequot Hugo Ball reciting sound poem in the Cabaret Voltaire Zurich Switzerland 1916 nonsense O o Photomontage cutting up preexisting photographs and placing them together Hannah Hoch World Revolution 1920 Raoul Hausmann Art Critic 1919 Otto Dix War Crippes 45 Employabe 1920 Expressionism oGermany19101930 o Autonomous avantgarde movement not connected with a political idealogy 0 Interested in exploring line color texture and emotion expression 0 Abstract canvases with saturated colors violent brushstrokes large unshaded elds of color in uence from quotprimitive sourcesquot 0 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner SefPortrait at Window 1920 One of the leaders of the expressionist movement 0 Franz Marc Horse in a Landscape 1910 o Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Lovers 1923 Representation of human sexuality
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