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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sara Matthews on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Sjoberg in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Module B3 Liberalism Bruce Russett Associated with John Locke Hugo Grotius and Immanuel Kant Key 39liberal assumptions in Kant s framework the belief in the rational qualities of individuals faith in the feasibility of progress in social life and the conviction the humans despite their selfinterest are able to cooperate and construct a more peaceful and harmonious society 0 Liberal internationalism transposed these beliefs to the international sphere by emphasizing that war and con ict can be overcome or mitigated through concerted changes in both the domestic and international structures of governance 0 Long run decline in battle deaths from violent con icts in which one or more states were participants 0 By 2006 and for the rst time in history half the countries in the world were governed democratically decline in autocracies Key liberal Kantian variables democracy economic interdependence and international institutions Realist constraints ways to reduce to the likelihood of going to war power ratio allies distance and size 0 Kantian constraints ways democracy international trade international organizations 0 The dyadic claim by de nition includes both the dynamics of domestic political interactions between leader and potential opposition and the interactions between two independent states The monadic claim completely ignores the ladder Glossary ln democratic peace theory the term dyadic is used to signify the particular character of a relationship between a pair of actors usually states The presumption here is if these actors share democratic values and institutions they will not be inclined to consider force as an instrument for resolving any con icts of interest between them ln democratic peace theory the term monadic refers to the unique character of republican states in terms of their aversion to war Unlike the weaker claim by democratic peace theorists that liberal states have made a separate peace advocates of the monadic version believe that republican states will always and everywhere be peaceprone Neoliberalism Jennifer SterlingFolker One of the early in uences on neoliberalism was the pluralism in literature in the 19605 and early 19705 which challenged realist assumptions that states could be analytically treated as unitary Pluralists argued that a variety of nonstate actors and processes were breaking down barriers between domestic and international affairs 2 historical developments in the 20th century that have made realism an increasingly inaccurate description of contemporary goba politics 1 Increasing interdependence in a variety of global issue areas due to modern technological and industrial advances 2 The period of hegemonic stability which the USA provided after WWII Neoliberal scholars have often employed game theory to analyse cooperative difficulties Most famous illustrative game is the Prisoners Dilemma in which 2 prisoners are held incommunicado by police and told that if they provide evidence against the other they will receive a reduced sentence Neoliberalism begins its analysis by identifying the shared selfinterests that a particular cooperative effort is meant to obtain in an international institution setting It next turns to the question of how or whether that particular institutional design ensures those interests are sufficiently obtained Neoliberal scholars have determined 3 broad difficulties bargaining defection and autonomy
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