Psychology Notes 3/17/16-Exam 3
Psychology Notes 3/17/16-Exam 3 1557
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1557 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Manos Akillas in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see General Psychology (PSY 11) in Psychlogy at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Topics for the Third Exam Theories of Personality -Freud -Adler -Perls -Existential Theories -Erickson -Family Therapy Sigmund Freud -Born in Czechoslovakia, moved to Austria as a child -Family encouraged education, was a very good student -Went to med school to be a Dr., then for Psychiatry to develop theories Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory *very complicated theory, people often misinterpret it due to lack of knowledge* -The project -the book Freud began to write which contained the theory of personality being based upon the nervous system -The book was never finished because he changed his beliefs on the subject, however it did help to improve later theories that he developed -contained the ideas of primary and secondary processes: Primary Processes: the tendency of the nervous system to be active Secondary Processes: when all the activity suddenly stops ex)when you are startled by something -these processes were central in Freud’s theory -the two opposite tendencies caused conflict within -Early studies on hysteria -Charcot was the famous psychologist at the time of Freud finishing school and Freud went to study with Charcot in Paris for a year -During this time Charcot and Bernheim were arguing about the nature of hypnosis -After he finished studying with Charcot he came back and opened his own private practice, he was considered to be an expert in hysteria and ended up working with a lot of people who had hysterical symptoms -Breuer and Anna O. -Freud developed a friendship with Breuer and collaborated with him on developing hysteria theories -Anna was a young woman who was experiencing a number of problems -Ill father, only one who took care of him so she wasn’t in school, had no friends, etc. She developed temporary neck paralysis, various phobias and the inability to speak in her native german -Breuer started treating her by hypnosis and she remembered that when she was younger she got very upset that she saw her dog drinking out of a regular glass (started yelling and crying) (had a phobia of drinking water at the time) -Breuer kept getting her to remember instances like such and she started to get better -Anna eventually fell in love with Breuer, and he rejected her which caused her to fall apart and have a hallucination of being in mid-labor with Breuer’s child. Breuer refused to treat her from then on. -Breuer went and talked to Freud about it and he believed that all the negative feelings she was building up from her life were causing her physical tension -Abreaction and catharsis (1st model of treatment) Abreactionhe expression & consequent release of a previously repressed emotion, achieved through reliving the experience that caused it (typically through hypnosis or suggestion). Catharsis: the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions -Seduction theory Freudbelieved provided the solution to the problem of the origins of hysteriand bsessionaneurosiAccording to the theory,epressed memoryof anarly childhoosexual abusor molestatioexperience was the essential precondition for hysterical symptoms. These people became scared of their own feelings and suppressed them in their memory. -Revision of the seduction theory -hysteria was very common at this time, especially among the “respectable” families -this caused lots of suspicion into those families, and caused criticism of his theory -revised the theory, and claimed that these memories were not of real events, but rather vague images of thoughts and fantasies that the person had as child that they weren’t aware of Theory of Consciousness Freud argued that deep down all humans are animals, sometimes even more aggressive than tigers. From this he developed the three levels of consciousness. The Conscious: anything that we are aware of at any given moment The Preconscious: things you aren’t aware of, but can become aware of ex)what you had for dinner yesterday The Unconscious: things we aren’t aware of and cannot become aware of In the Ego -the conscious and the preconscious -this part understands society and keeps the ID under control through repression of the thoughts that aren’t acceptable in society In the ID -needs, desires, and ideas that aren’t acceptable in society that are part of our animal nature -the unconscious