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Health Notes 3/14-/318

by: Cassie Ferree

Health Notes 3/14-/318 HEA 102-010

Cassie Ferree
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

We continued to cover addiction, alcohol, and drugs. Our second exam is next Friday and we have a LearnSmart chapter due Monday.
Intro to Health/Wellness
Dina Hayduk
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassie Ferree on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HEA 102-010 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dina Hayduk in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Health/Wellness in Health Sciences at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 03/18/16
March 14, 2016 Addiction Difference between an addiction and a bad habit? Addiction has to do with brain chemicals Addiction: from Greek word Enslavement *Call 211- Berks County For information on health related topics Terminology - Drug use – using for drug’s intended purpose - Drug misuse – using a drug for a reason other than the intended use - Drug abuse – chronic use of a drug for a reason other than its intended use Addiction Continuums Exposure – Compulsion – Loss of Control – Negative Consequences – Repetition – Denial *more you use the more likely negative consequences are to occur Use ------------------------ Misuse --------------------------------------Abuse DSMO V: Addiction based on Criteria: - Withdrawal – different for every drug - Relapse – unsuccessful efforts to cut down/ control - Tolerance - Using/doing for longer time or in larger amounts than intended - Continued use despite harm to self and others - Important activities given up or reduced Addiction Symptoms - Compulsion (can include obsession) - Loss of control - Negative consequences - Denial Psychological/ Behavior Dependence - Meets one or more of three criteria 1. Amount of effort an individual exerts in “drug or behavior” increases 2. Frequency or regularity *not psychological at first, deals with dopamine Internet, Cell Phone, Facebook, Videogame Addiction Criteria: - Pre-occupation with the ______ - Withdrawal symptoms (restlessness or irritability) - Repeated unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop using _____ - Jeopardized or lost a significant relationship, job, or education or career opportunity because of ____ Doing things for other people - Helping – things people cannot do for themselves - Enabling – doing for someone things that they should be doing for themselves Ex. Always saving someone March 16, 2016 Survey: what kind of drinker are you? - Abstainer - Light - Moderate - Heavy Critique of Survey: - No definition of categories, possibility of lying, what do you measure by: how much you drink or how often you drink What is ‘a’ drink? - 1 beer = 12 oz - 1 wine = 5 oz “table wine” - 1 cocktail = 1.5 oz of 80 proof distilled spirits *all have .5-.6 of ethyl alcohol 3 beers = 3 gin tonics - Both are 3 drinks Abstainer - Never drink - No drinks in past year (could’ve drunken heavily beforehand, but none in the last year) - Fewer than 12 drinks in a lifetime - Drinks a small amount once a year Small Amount - Male: 2 or less drinks - Female: 1 or less drink Light Drinker - Females: 3 or fewer drinks per week over 3-7 day in past year - Males: 4 or fewer drinks per week over 3-7 day in past year Surgeon General says moderate drinking may be beneficial, Moderate drinking constitutes as - Male: no more than 2 drinks most days of the week - Female: no more than 1 drink most days of the week Only middle-aged and above receive benefits *If you don’t drink currently, don’t start for the benefits. Can receive benefits otherwise. Moderate - Females: 3-7 drinks per week (no more than 3 in a day) - Males: 4-14 drinks per week (no more than 4 in a day) Heavy - Females: more than 1 drink most days of the week - Males: more than 2 drinks most days of the week Binge-Drinking - Females: 4 or more drinks in one sitting - Males: 5 or more drinks in one sitting *Alcoholic won’t stop when they start to feel dizzy or nauseous like a non-alcoholic would Positive of Drinking Alcohol - Heart healthy - Thins blood - Relief of stress - Social reasons - Help to sleep- causes you not to get in certain REM sleep stages - Taste Negative of Drinking Alcohol - Lack of judgement - Tolerance level unknown - Death - DUI - Car accidents - Date rape - Crimes occur, whether victim or perpetrator *liver can metabolize only one drink per hour Example: A man and women who both weigh 170 lbs. consume the same amount of alcohol in the same amount of time. Who will have a higher BAC? - Women because women have less of an enzyme that breaks down alcohol slower. *Asians tend to have even less of an enzyme that breaks down alcohol March 18, 2016 Blackout - Caused by high contents of alcohol - Short-term memory disappears - .2-.25 BAC - You cannot tell if someone is having a blackout Person remembers: - Remember being with friends at party and potentially going to another party - Unclear of meeting people or how you got from point A to point B Skittle Party - Steals drug from medicine cabinet, prescribed or over-the-counter - Drops drug into bowl when entering party - Then sometime throughout the party you pick a pill from the bowl Critique: no idea what you are taking, or side-effects behind drug Vaping - Marketed to help quit smoking cigarettes Keep track of nicotine intake - Flavored and more likely to do it Some kids start younger due to flavors available - Could start smoking cigarettes because it is more convenient Negatives: multiple effects that you may or may not know are effecting you *cannot say a drug doesn’t have any “negative side effects” all drugs have a negative side effects Alcohol: other than drinking? - Alcoholics may drink anything containing any type of alcohol - Used to kill bacteria - Cooking - Mucus membranes: absorb alcohol, kids try to inject alcohol anally, vaginally, or through eye-balls Medical Marijuana - More pure than buying off the street - Knowledge of dosage (THC and CDC) - Types: oil, pill, ‘charlotte’s web’ - Many different types with different percent of THC and CDC - THC is euphoria - CDC counteracts the “high” - Treats certain problems Ex. – seizures *just because things are natural doesn’t mean there are no negative side effects In-class Example Identical twins - Jennifer: heavy drinker - Angie: light drinker - Jennifer and Angie go out drinking, Angie lays her head on the bar and Jennifer doesn’t seem intoxicated at all. Who has the higher BAC? - They both have the sane BAC - Tolerance only hides how drunk you really are Hangovers - Group of unpleasant symptoms that can develop after too much alcohol Symptoms - Dehydration - Immune system depletes - Blood sugar falls - Blood vessels expand (warm when drunk) - Congeners - Irritates stomach - Sleepy - Bloodshot eyes - Rapid heartbeat Cured by: - Time, rest, and pain medication Call 911: - Confusion or stupor, as if in a daze - Persistent vomiting - Seizures - Slow breathing - Irregular breathing - Pale - Low body temperature - Unconscious Alcohol Poisoning most common reason for death: choking


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