Greek Era- Symposium 1st 4 speeches
Greek Era- Symposium 1st 4 speeches PHIL 110 14925
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sommer Hutchinson on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 110 14925 at University of Oregon taught by Susan Stocker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Human Nature >1 >IP in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Terms Logos Speech Account Telos That at which things aim aim know shoot for draw us in Eudaimonia Happiness as in Flourishing harmonious within themselves Arete Human virtue as in virtuousity excellence Philia Familial love Eros Passionate love sexual expression What is Justice Republic Piety Euthyphro Courage Laches Love Symposium All of these can only be learned Human Virtue Merlo Human Virtue especially can t be taught but it can be learned within your spirit and style Virtue is a combination of all the above the virtue you have isn t yours but the quotgods quot inspiration Symposium 385 380 BCE NormsPractices Agathon tragic poetry Aristophanes comic poetry Educann Paiderastia the love of an older man the lover for a younger teenaged boy the beloved The boy was supposed to learn virtue from the older quotto be socializedquot Pairs Agathon is the beloved of Pausanias the lover Phaedrus is the beloved of Eryximachus 183D From the lovers side All is permissible for the over in love He can even be shameless in his pursuit of his beloved From the beloved s sidebeware Hire tutors to watch out and protect the boy from vulgar suitors Be assured that the suitor lover wants him for his mind and not his now beauthlbody Two Conditions must be satis ed The lover must be able to help the boy become wiser and better The beloved is eager to be taught and improved by the lover and the lover will have his way Cavet If the lover is deceitful the beloved is still noble and honorable because it was done with honorable intent CharacterslSetting Apollordorus is stopped on the street by a man and is asked to elaborate on the dinner Aristodemus goes to the party as Socrates guest who gets lost along the way 7 Speeches First 3 are effects of love each reveals the character of the speaker Phaedrus Pausanius Eryximachus Second 3 are nature of love the order of the speeches builds closer and closer to Socrates Aristophanes o Agathon Socrates The last is about Socrates Alcibiades The lover is all fair in soul body and mind The beloved resists not forever all fair in physical appearance quotAn army of lovers cannot failquot Because they re lover supposed to be brace and virtuous to the beloved We spend most of our time appearing to be virtuous and good by misusing this ability L Phaedrus the beloved of Eryximachus First came chaos then Earth and Love the rst god Eros he helps us acquire love Because it makes us ashamed of doing shameful things it gives us a sense of pride in acting well nspired by love a lover and his beloved avoid doing what is shameful in a beloved s eyes quotFor a man in love would never allow his loved one of all people to see him leaving ranks or dropping weaponsquot The gods honor virtue most highly when it belongs to Love 1808 Love is the most ancient of the gods the most honored and the most powerful in helping men gain virtue and blessedness whether they are alive or have passed away 18OB1SOC Pausanias the lover of Agathon Two kinds of love because of the two Aphrodite Goddesses 1 The motherless daughter of Uranus the god of heaven known as Urania or Heavenly Aphrodite 2 The Daughter of Zeus and Dione known as Pandemos or Common Aphrodite IN quotNo action is either good or bad honorable or shamefulquot 181A Common Aphrodite The parents of this Aphrodite are of both Male and Female indiscriminant love Strikes wherever he gets a chance this of course is the love felt by the vulgur who are quotattached to women no less than to boys to the body more than to the sould and to the least intelligent partners since all they care about is completing the sexual actquot 1818 o Vulgar lovers give love a bad reputation Barbarians Persian and lonia Empire say quottaking any lover is disgracefulquot the absolute Persians ban philosophy sport and love believing they create bonds between men and younger boys lnarticulate Elis and Boebtia never feel shameful to take a lover these are the indiscriminate lovers Heaveny Aphrodite The Goddess attracted to the male they nd pleasure in what is by nature the stronger and more intelligent The physical appearance is not present Honorable if the boy is beginning to grow a beard as they have a mind of their own developing their own ideas and questions In the text of Pausanias 182E quotWe consider it more honorable to declare your love rather than to keep it a secret especially if you are in love with a youth of good family and accomplish even if he isn t all that beautiful Recall also that a lover is encouraged in every possible way this means that what he does is not considered shamefulquot 1848 quotFirst why we consider it shameful to yield too quickly the passage of time in itself provides a good test in these matters Second why we also consider it shameful for a man to be seduced by money or political power either because he cringes at ill treatment and will not endure it or because once he has tasted the bene ts of wealth and power he will not rise above themquot 185C quotHe is the sort of person who will do anything for the sake of virtue and what could be more honorable than that giving in to your lover for virtue s sake is honorable whatever the outcome And this of course is the Heavenly Love of the heavenly goddessquot Eg If the lover is deceitful in telling the beloved that he is wealthy but the beloved still loves the lover as they come mind and soul than the only one dishonorable in the situation would be the lover because he ended up being poor rather than wealthy as he had claimed L Eryximachus A physician Cites Asclepius who established medicine quotLove Reconciles Oppositesquot Urania Heavenly Muse vs Polyhymnia Common Muse of many songs Love is everywhere in humans animals and plants 187E This is the honorable heavenly species of Love produced by the melodies of Urania the Heavenly Muse The other produced by the Polyhymnia the muse of many songs is common and vulgar Opposites have to balanced when these are balanced we are healthy and crops prosper no harm can come to them Divination the practive that produces loving affection between gods and men it is simply the science of the effects of Love on justice and piety iAristophanes mid 2nol BCE Comic PoetPlaywright probably everyone is already amused by his having hiccups that go away when he sneezes Lysistratat a play about women who refuse sex with their husbands so they will decide to stay home instead of going to war Human nature We were round in the beginning quot4 legs and arms 2 faces exactly alike on a rounded next facing opposite directions There were two sets of sexual organs and everything else was the way you d imagine it from what I ve told youquot Three kinds of humans Male the offspring of the sun Female the offspring of the Earth and Androgenous malefemale the offspring of the moon The humans attacked the gods so Zeus cut them in half so each walks on two legs but they were just dying and were unable to reproduce so Zeus decided to move the genitals to the front 191C bythe man in the woman From the text quotThis then is the source of our desire to love each other Love is born into every human being it calls back the halves of our original nature together it tries to make one out of two and heal the wound of human naturequot Each of us has a matching half that we are constantly searching for the complete us
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