Sept. 30 class notes
Sept. 30 class notes HTW 403
Popular in Community Based Health Policy and Research
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyson Forman on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HTW 403 at Syracuse University taught by L. Narine in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Community Based Health Policy and Research in Public Health at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
Sept 30 Qualitative Methods to Assess Communitv Issues What are Qualitative Methods of Assessment Qualitative methods of assessment are those whose results cant be expressed in numbers Academic intellectual understanding of an issue vs community lived experience of and issue Less interested in making history than in making life Qualitative Methods Include individual and group interviews observation focus groups community meetings interpretation of records transcripts and other quantitative data In Order to make your qualitative results as reliable as possible report accurately and completely frame the right questions and direct them appropriately use qualitative methods specifically to obtain information you cant get from quantitative methods use the method that can best help you answer the questions you39re asking sort out your own and others subjective feelings and comments from objective reality and try to make sure that your findings are objective Why use qualitative methods answer questions hat quantitative measures cant connect directly with the population and community you re concerned with get at the underlying realities of the situation involve the population of interest or the community at large in helping to assess the issues and needs of community allow for broader examination When would you use qualitative methods of assessment when what you need is qualitative descriptive information when you39re trying to understand the reasons and motivations for people s behavior or how they operate in particular situations when you39re analyzing quantitative data when you39re trying to develop suggestions and recommendations when you want to involve the community in assessment as directly as possible when you39re doing communitybased participatory research How do you use qualitative methods of assessment decide what it is you want to know choose the method best suited to finding that information choose the people who will gather the info and if necessary train them determine from whom and from where you need to gather the information gather information For interviews ask openended questions probe don39t cut people off too quickly confirm what you39re told by checking with others to the extent that you can in group interviews facilitate by encouraging everyone to participate For observation think about the questions you want your observation to answer determine where and whom to observe to answer these questions determine when and for how long observation should take place determine what you should observe and record record your observations analyze the information make and carry out a plan to address the issue or problem you39ve identified Way to Increase Trustworthiness of Qualitative Studies Reflexivity thoughtful consideration of how researcher s standpoint can influence the research Observer Triangulation using more than 1 researcher to analyze the data Data Triangulation collecting data from multiple sources such as interviews focus groups and interviews Prolonged Engagement conducting multiple interviews or spending extended time with participants to achieve and exhaustive look at the experience Member Checking including participants in analysis or returning to a sample of participants to corroborate the findings Thick Description a thorough representation of the phenomenon of inquiry and its context as perceived and experienced by study participants Audit Trail keeping a detailed written account of the research procedures Peer Debriefing meeting with mentors or other researchers engaged in qualitative research to dialogue regarding research decisions Negative Case Analysis Seeking contrasting evidence through sampling and analysis External Validity Transferability critical evaluation of the application of findings to other similar contexts
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