Revised: Week One Anthro 2A Egan Notes
Revised: Week One Anthro 2A Egan Notes Gen & Sex 50A
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joyce Nguy on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Gen & Sex 50A at University of California - Irvine taught by STAFF in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Gender and Feminism in Women and Gender studies at University of California - Irvine.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
92515 WEEK ONE Anthro 2A Professor Egan 1 Anthropology What is it a anthropos man b logos word 2 Human Difference different ways of being human broad diversity of life 3 Biological and Cultural Difference a biology important to how we interact with each other i important part are experience with this world b culture learnedshared meaning that guide how we live I language enable meaning communication ii communicate with how you wear how you walk iii ways of thinking iv what s natural What s valued more mf 4 Subfield a sociocultural b linguistic c archaeology d biological 92815 WEEK ONE Anthro 2A 0 Just some stuff 0 Sections aren t mandatory 0 no food or drinks lol 1 Anthropology a study of human difference b culturally biologically chimps c study of human biological and cultural difference across space and time 2 Scientific Racism and Evolutionism a anthro has abandoned these ideas bc limitations of analysis 3 Intro to Scientific Racism a the thesis that social cultural physical differences between human groups are expressions of fundamentally different biological stocks b racism is not the same things as prejudice prejudicenegative attitude towards group of people d racism a type you inherited biologically from parents to offspring 0 4 History of Race a example of typologizing dealing with set of types of human activity Sit on couch instead of end table typology of furniture b Racial categories i Linneaus 1735 developed the system of classification we use in biology 1 Genus Species together to identify 2 Included human beings in this classification homo sapiens 3 1758 side discussion series of block prints where he described variance of human beings 4 Homo Sapiens Europaeous Alberscens European white 5 Homo Sapiens Asiaticas Fucus Asian darker 6 Homo Sapiens Africanas Negrous African Black 7 Homo Sapiens Americanas Rubescens Americas RedsNative Americans 8 Homo Monstruosis Mythological monsters ii Blumenbach 1781 1 first explicit delineation to races 2 elevated race from previous livestock use to a scientific category 3 Five diff races Caucasian white Mongolian yellow Malay brown Ethiopian black American red iii Hooton 1926 1 Big Three Caucasoid Europe Middle East Central AsiaIndia Mediterannian Coast of Africa Mongoloid Eastern Asia Hawaiian Native American Negroid Africa 5 Characteristics of Racial Types a salient physical traits salient immediately grabs your attention visible to naked eye i skin color shape of eyes hair b Behavioral and Cognitive propensities and limitations i notjust how you look like how you acted How smart are you ii Africans lazy Asians melancholy and rigid value laden termsrank order of races 6 Monogenesis and Polygenesis a Monogenesis i all human races sprang from one common origin ii Biblical text Adam and Eve iii why don t people look European They sinned People were made inferior because they sinned b Polygenesis i each race had its own independent origins each race has its own Adam and Eve completely diff ancestors most extreme form of racism True humans Europeans Everyone else just an inferior race of animal 7 Racial Theories and Sociocultural Difference 8 Science Race and Culture a culture learnedshared meanings that govern how we live Provides categories to organize world b a priori that which it is prior things unquestionably held to be true Will not be challenged at all took for granted Superiority of European Men 93015 WEEK ONE Anthro 2A 1 Race Science and Culture a Science and Quatification 19th and 20th century effort to systematically remove bias from scientific observations so can be agreed upon Quantify put things into numbers in order to remove biasfacilitate agreement Reduced observation into numbers b Craniometry smarter means a bigger head tried to measure heads superiority of Western Europeans men over women This is the apriori the assumption they already held true 2 Ex of Scientific Racist Research a Robert Bennet Bean Anterior Brain front part Genu superior thoughts housed thoughts language problem solving creativity ii Posterior Brain back part Splenium sensorimotor faculties iii Bean thought he could show superiority of whites and blacks or men and women by sampling brains superior more Genu less Splenium iv all white male brains in sample had more Genu than black male brains 100 divergence in experiment v Franklin Mall 1 replicated Bean s research exactly except he did measurements blind could not tell which brain was which until after the experiment was done 2 found no association at all b Paul Brocca i brain size is proportionate to body size no bearing on intelligence whatsoever ii brain shrinks as you get older iii Brocca knew factors mattered iv researched placement of the Foramen Magnum hole in the base of your cranium where spinal cord exits 1 placement of foramen magnum posture of animal 2 more fonNard facing foramen magnum more superior more posterior is more like apes less supenor 3 white people had a more posterior foramen magnum 4 foramen magnum is halfway from genu and splenium so that he could interpret it as whites are still superior 3 Critique of Using Race to Interpret Sociocultural Difference a Culture is socially transmitted not biologically transmitted i vietnamese kids grows up in Ohio speaks English and wants hot dogs not Vietnamese and pho b All peoples have a capacity to acquire culture i IQ testing ii Osage 1 has highest IQ scores of any Native American tribe in US iii WWI military all took IQ tests 1 in rural south African Americans had lower IQs than rural whites
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