Chapter 5 Reading Notes
Chapter 5 Reading Notes POSC 1990
Popular in Introduction to Political Science
Popular in Political Science
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 1990 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Petersheim in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Political Science in Political Science at Clemson University.
Reviews for Chapter 5 Reading Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/30/15
Liberalism Chapter 5 Notes 0 Classical Liberalism early liberals followed teachings of Locke and Adam Smith Individual more important than the state becomes citizen through consent Individual is rational capable of making own decisions capable of autonomy and selfgovernment Change should not be feared State power should be limited Economic inequality is not necessarily bad Economic freedom more important than economic inequality John Lock originator of liberalism Two treaties ofgovernment argues in favor of limited government and protection of individual rights Rejected theories of Robert Filmer who supported divine rights of Kings 0 People created government it should serve citizens State of nature period of time before governments were created 0 Freedom Equality reason people born to be free everyone is equal natural rights 0 Laws ofNature ethical code humans produce from reason 0 1 Preserve yourself 2 Do not harm others 3 Help others if possible Filmer people born into subjection of monarchy had duty to be faithful subjects Government can do the job of legislating adjudicating and enforcing rules with the laws of nature States make civil laws which uphold the laws of nature Adam Smith people satisfy needs by exchanging objects money goods etc 0 Capitalism economic arrangement people exchange private properties a Smith and Locke individuals are rational enough to make best decisions 0 ln nondeveloped societies people trade perishable goods as society progresses begin using money which can be stockpiled Natural equality not enough to produce economic equality 0 Modern Liberalism TH Green jane Addams lnterventionist government gov that takes a role in regulating economic and social interactions Expansive liberty objective sought by interventionist government De nition of freedom is broader more inclusive maximize potential of humans so they can contribute to society States should be limited to protection of individualism disagreed w Lock Smith but should intervene for those whose positive liberty is violated Government assistance laws for working conditions etc State intervention can enhance individual freedom Jane Addams founder of Hull House 0 social welfare women39s rights consumer protection economic equality o 8 hour workday prohibition of child labor right of workers to strike o If state intervened to help those in need this would take away from freedom of powerful to exploit weak replace exploitation with liberty o Re ected in many New Deal FDR policies 0 Social security Banking Act of 1935 Federal Emergency Relief Administration 0 Classical and Modern Liberalism Today Classical liberals distanced themselves from modern liberals and started calling themselves conservatives Republicans today quotquot criticize quotbig governmentquot Libertarian prohibition of censorship of booksmovies support of guns abortion rights and gay rights Modern liberalism people not fully free unless positive liberty exists 0 Conservatism 0 Traditional Conservatives uphold traditional values people are not as rational as liberals believe and are naturally unequal Edmund Burke Re ections on the Revolution in France Peoples ability to reason is limited People are irrational emotional and unpredictable Natural talents divide people Society does best when natural rulers rule Rejects classical liberalism natural rights governments purpose is not to protects natural rights 0 Look to moral guidelines passed down instead 0 Traditional values teach right from wrong reason cannot 0 John Henry Newman contrasted good liberty with bad 0 Traditional Conservativism Today Antiabortion oppose samesex marriage support school prayer oppose sex ed in schools Classical liberal conservatives minimize state action v traditional conservatives use state39s authority to make society more moral British PM David Cameron preserve marriage as an institution hetrerosexual and homosexual 0 Traditional Conservatism and Classical Liberal Conservatism in Con ict Pharmaceuticals abortion inducing pill Contract with America Machiavellian abandoning morality in favor of expediency o Neoconservatism calls for Conservative Unity v Tea Party Calls for Conservative Purity Neoconservatism lrving Kristol and Norman Podhoretz o Conservative theory promising unity though pragmatism and and bridgebuilding o Accepts fact of welfare state as part of US politics 0 Tea Party 0 Removed neoconservative dream from politics 0 Purer less compromising approach to small gov o Socialism citizens are best served by policies focused on meeting basic needs of entire society rather than serving needs to individuals 0 Marxism elite bourgeoisie own all of industry and proletariat work for them proletariat will never be able to catch up with the bourgeoisie so there will always be inequality Working class should revolt Marx The Communist Manifesto o MarxismLeninism society needs a centralized vanguard party and does not need multiparty competition through peaceful lawful political participation Imperialism has shaped the development of capitalism and altered the terms of revolutionary struggle from those outlined by Marx revolutions are more likely in less developed capitalist economies Socialists will abolish classes and end con ict between the B and P 0 Social Democracy socialism and democracy are consistent with one another Economic oppression is no less harmful than political oppression and therefore gov should promote economic equality no less than political equality Socialism should be brought about through peaceful lawful democratic means
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'