Week 2 notes for assigned readings
Week 2 notes for assigned readings 373
Popular in Sociology: Social Stratification
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Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristena Notetaker on Friday March 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 373 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by Cragoe in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Sociology: Social Stratification in Sociology at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Week 2 Reading Guide Assignment: GRUSKY: “The Division of Labor in Society” GRUSKY: “Some Principles of Stratification” On Moodle: “Manifest & Latent Functions” On Moodle: “The ‘Poor Man’s Club’: Social Functions of the Urban Working-Class Saloon” Things to Learn: Durkheim – The Division of Labor in Society (something to bear in mind: Durkheim wrote this at the end of the 19 century in Europe – think about how that influences his conclusions) Anomie and its consequences Anomie is the lack of social and ethical standards in a society, or in other terms it is normlessness. This lack of social order has the consequence to produce social conflict. It can also produce people to feeling alienated in the society, and it can cause suicide for some individuals (aka anomic suicide) Durkheim’s concept of the “corporation” The corporation to Durkheim is the entity that creates social and moral rules for business. He said that each industry must create a corporation in order to maintain the social order. The problem with this is that the corporation makes its rules around profit and based on how the corporation would best benefit! Examples of corporations are banks, Unions, HR Departments (micro-level), and other specific examples such as the WTO, IMF, and WB (World Bank). The “Division of Labor” People and institutions that have different skills and specializations possess certain jobs that fit those skills and specializations, and this allows society to flow. In other words, the labor is divided based on the specializations people have. Davis & Moore – Some Principles of Stratification (published in 1945) Stratification – what is it? It is the way in which society is broken up into parts- these parts are social positions and there is indeed inequality and hierarchies of people. Society distributes its people in these social positions, and rewards are attached to each position as motivational devices. Davis and Moore believe social stratification is necessary and good- this isn’t concerning individuals, but rather the system itself having a hierarchy is good. Social order This is based on positions in the hierarchy and it helps to maintain the order in society. Social institutions and processes which hold these positions work together in order to keep society organized. What are the two levels at which stratification is concerned with motivation? 1. Stratification instills in the proper individuals to desire and occupy certain positions (motivates them to strive for these positions), 2. And then once in those positions, there is a desire/motivation to perform the duties attached to them. The three primary types of “rewards” 1.) Sustenance and comfort 2.) Humor and diversion (entertainment, recreational activities) 3.) Self-respect and ego expansion The Two Determinants of Positional Rank: Differential Functional Importance Some jobs are more important than others and therefore exert higher rewards and are more valued. Differential Scarcity of Personnel Some jobs need to be filled more than others-there are less people applying for these jobs or getting into the field for these jobs- these jobs are more likely to become scarce with people to fill them, therefore rewards are also higher for this reason because only special people have the skills to fill them which is not many compared to other jobs. Merton – Manifest & Latent Functions Manifest Functions The function(s) or purpose that something such as an institution was designed for Latent Functions The unintended function(s) of the design or institution. Three main “Heuristic Purposes of the Distinction [between Manifest and Latent] Clarifies the analysis of seemingly irrational social patterns Directs attention to theoretically fruitful fields of inquiry Prevents the substitution of naïve moral judgments for sociological analysis Kingsdale – The ‘Poor Man’s Club’: Social Functions of the Urban Working-Class Saloon Three main social roles of the urban working-class saloon: o Neighborhood center o All-male establishment o Transmitter of working-class and immigrant cultures